Fiche d'espèce de Copépode
Calanoida ( Ordre )
    Clausocalanoidea ( Superfamille )
        Aetideidae ( Famille )
            Gaetanus ( Genre )
Gaetanus brevicornis  Esterly, 1906   (F,M)
Syn.: Gaetanus hamatus A. Scott, 1909 (p.50, figs.juv.F); Björnberg, 1973 (p.323, 386);
G. rectus Wolfenden, 1911 (p.232, figs.F); Sewell, 1929 (p.105); 1948 (p.500, 520, 545);
G. ascendens Esterly, 1913 (p.182, figs.F); Sewell, 1948 (p.556, 563); Brodsky, 1950 (1967) (p.166, figs.F); Vives, 1982 (p.291);
G. curvispinus C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.229, figs. F,M)
Esterly, 1906 a (p.56, Descr.F, figs.F); Sewell, 1947 (p.58, 60, figs.F); Brodsky, 1950 (1967) (p.165, figs.F); Marques, 1953 (p.98, figs.M, Rem.); Vervoort, 1963 b (p.128, Rem.); Tanaka & Omori, 1970 (p.133, figs.F); Park, 1975 a (p.23, figs.F); Bradford & Jillett, 1980 (p.48, figs.F,M, Rem., distribution chart); Markhaseva, 1996 (p.187, figs.F,M); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.687, Pl.43: F); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.879, 922, figs.F,M)
Espèce Gaetanus brevicornis - Planche 1 de figures morphologiquesissued from : E.L. Markhaseva in Proc. Zool. Inst. RAN, St. Petersburg, 1996, 268. [p.188, Fig.146].
Female (specimen from NW Pacif.: Marian Trench). Ce: forehead (lateral and dorsal, respectively); Pmd: mandibular palp; GntbMd: gnathobase of Md (partial).

Espèce Gaetanus brevicornis - Planche 2 de figures morphologiquesissued from : E.L. Markhaseva in Proc. Zool. Inst. RAN, St. Petersburg, 1996, 268. [p.189, Fig.147].
Female (specimen from NW Pacif.: Marian Trench). P1-P4: legs 1-4.
Male (from C.B. Wilson, 1950).

Espèce Gaetanus brevicornis - Planche 3 de figures morphologiquesissued from : T. Park in Bull. Mar. Sci., 1975, 25 (1). [p.22, Fig.7].
Female: A, B, habitus (lateral, dorsal, respevtively); C, D, posterior part of metasome and urosome (dorsal, lateral); E, forehead (lateral); F, Mx2; G, coxa of Mxp; H, P1 (anterior); I, P2 (anterior); J, coxa of P4 (partial, posterior). P1, P2, P4: legs

Espèce Gaetanus brevicornis - Planche 4 de figures morphologiquesissued from : J.M. Bradford & J.B. Jillett in Mem. N.Z. oceanogr. Inst., 86, 1980. [p.49, Fig.31].
Female: A, habitus (dorsal); B, idem (lateral left side); C, basipod 1 of Mxp; D, exopod of P1; E, internal edge of basipod 1 of P4.

Espèce Gaetanus brevicornis - Planche 5 de figures morphologiquesissued from : R.B.S. Sewell in The John Murray Expedition, 1933-34, Scientific Reports, VIII (1), 1947. [p.61, Fig.9].
Female (from Arabian Sea): A, P1; B, basal portion of Mxp.

Nota: Proportional lengths of cephalothorax and abdomen as 77 to 23. The proportional lengths of the various segments of the body (cephalon to caudal rami) as 518:74:74:94:90:47:33:33:37 = 1000. Head and 1st pediger segment fused, 4th and 5th fused. The lateral horns on the 5th thoracic segment are rather short and stout, directed somewhat outwards and upwards.2nd and 3rd urosomal segments fringed along their posterior margins with closely apposed, short, hair-like spines. A1 reaches back to about the end of the caudal rami, 8th and 9th segments fused, 24th and 25th separate. In A2 the proportional lengths of the exopod and endopod as 42 to 32; the proximal seta arising from the 2nd segment of the exopod springs fom a raised papilla. Mxp with the great length of the free process of the lamella on the basal segment ( this reaches to well beyond the distal margin of the segment).In P2, a gland opens to he surface at the base of the marginal spine on the 1st and 2nd segments of the exopod and near the base of the 3rd marginal spine on the 3rd segment.

Espèce Gaetanus brevicornis - Planche 6 de figures morphologiquesissued from : A. Scott in Siboga-Expedition, 1909, XIX a. [Plate IX, Figs.16-22]. As Gaetanus hamatus.
Female (from Banda Sea): 16, habitus (dorsal); 17, forehead (lateral); 18, last thoracic and genital segments (left side); 19, rostrum; 20, Mxp (basal portion); 21, P1; 22, P4 (basal portion).

Espèce Gaetanus brevicornis - Planche 7 de figures morphologiquesissued from : R.N. Wolfenden in Die Marinen Copepoden der Deutschen Südpolar-Expedition 1901-1903, 1911. [p.232, Fig.18]. As Gaetanus rectus.
Female (from SE Ascension Island): a, forehead (lateral); b, Mxp.

Espèce Gaetanus brevicornis - Planche 8 de figures morphologiquesissued from : R.N. Wolfenden in Die Marinen Copepoden der Deutschen Südpolar-Expedition 1901-1903, 1911. [Pl.XXVI, Figs.14)16]. As Gaetanus rectus.
Female: 14, last thoracic segment and urosome (dorsal); 15, idem (lateral, right side); 16, P1.

Espèce Gaetanus brevicornis - Planche 9 de figures morphologiquesissued from : C.O. Esterly in Univ. Calif. Publs Zool., 1906, 3 (5). [Pl.IX, Fig.4].
Female (from San Diego, California): 4, dorehead (lateral).

Espèce Gaetanus brevicornis - Planche 10 de figures morphologiquesissued from : C.O. Esterly in Univ. Calif. Publs Zool., 1906, 3 (5). [Pl.XII, Fig.55].
Female: 55, 1st basal of Mxp.

Espèce Gaetanus brevicornis - Planche 11 de figures morphologiquesissued from : C.B. Wilson in Bull. U.S. natn. Mus., 1950, 100, 14 (4). [Pl. 10, Figs.108-110, 112-113]. As Gaetanus curvispinus.
Female (from 20°29'S, 103°26'W): 108-109, habitus (dorsal and lateral, respectively); 110, basipod of P4.

Male: 112, P5; 113, forehead (lateral).

Espèce Gaetanus brevicornis - Planche 12 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : C.O. Esterly in Univ. Calif. Publs Zool., 1913, 11 (10). [Pl. 10, Figs. 1, 3, 6]. As Gaetanus ascendens.
Female (from S. California); 1, abdomen and part of last thoracic segment (lateral view); 3, same (dorsal view); 6, forehead (lateral view).

Nota: A1 a little longer than the cephalothorax.1st segment of Mxp has the characteristic lamella. The 1st basal segment of P4 has the row of hair-like spines.
Unpigmented coloration.

Espèce Gaetanus brevicornis - Planche 13 de figures morphologiquesGaetanus brevicornis female:
1 - Anterior part of cephalon with frontal spine.
2 - Exopodal segment 1 of A2 without seta, segment 2 with 2 setae. 2nd internal lobe of Mx1 with 4 setae. Exopod of P1 always with 2 external sopines.
3 - Mxp protopodite with lateral plate.
4 - Exopodal segment 2 of A2 with 2 setae.
5 - Spines on last thoracic segment curved dorsally (lateral view).

Ref. compl.:
Sewell, 1948 (p.330, 529, 531, 540, 541, 552, 556, 562); Grice, 1963 a (p.495); Lee & al., 1971 (p.1151); Deevey & Brooks, 1977 (p.256, tab.2, Station "S"); Heinrich, 1990 (p.17); Shih Young, 1995 (p.67); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p108); Yamaguchi & al., 2002 (p.1007, tab.1); Galbraith, 2009 (pers. comm.); Homma & Yamaguchi, 2010 (p.965, Table 2); Dias & al., 2010 (p.230, Table 1); Homma & al., 2011 (p.29, Table 2, abundance, feeding pattern: suspension feeders); Teuber & al., 2013 (p.1, Table 3, enzyme activity); in CalCOFI regional list (MDO, Nov. 2013; M. Ohman, comm. pers.); Bode & al., 2018 (p.840, Table 1, respiration & ingestion rates, depth)
NZ: 15

Carte de distribution de Gaetanus brevicornis par zones géographiques
Espèce Gaetanus brevicornis - Carte de distribution 2Issued from : J.M. Bradford & J.B. Jillett in New Zealand Ocean. Inst. Memoir, 86, 1980. [p.89, Figs.64].
Distribution of several species of Gaetanus in the Tasman Sea and around New Zealand.
Espèce Gaetanus brevicornis - Carte de distribution 3Issued from : M. Bode, R. Koppelmann, L. Teuber, W. Hagen & H. Auel inGlobal Biogeochemical Cycles, 2018, 32. [p.844, Table 1).
Cf. explanations of these measures in Calanoides natalis from the same authors.
Compare with Gaetanus pileatus, G. kruppii.
off Angola, off St. Helena Is., G. of Guinea, off Morocco-Mauritania, Brazil (off Macaé), G. of Mexico, Sargasso Sea, Station "S" (32°10'N, 64°30'W), Arabian Sea, Laccadive Is., Maldive Is., off SW Sri Lanka, Indian, Andaman Sea, Indonesia-Malaysia, Philippines, China Seas (South China Sea), Japan (Izu, Hokkaido), Bering Sea ( S Aleutian Basin), Station Knot, Mariana Trench, off Hawaii E, Vancouver Is., California, off Galapagos, Peru, Pacif. (SE tropical), New Zealand.

Type locality: off San Diego (California).
N: 29
(5) F: 5,4; (10) F: 3,5; 3,7; (11) F: 4,98-4,26; (14) F: 4,65-4,6; (17) F: 4,3; (22) F: 4,3; (37) F: 4,98-3,7; M: 4,25; (40) F: 5,08-4,6; (113) F: 4,8-4,5; (137) F: 4,75; M: 4,25; (144) F: 3,7; (201) F: 4,75; {F: 3,50-5,40; M: 4,25}
Rem.: méso-abyssopélagique.
Voir aussi les remarques en anglais
Dernière mise à jour : 23/11/2020

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