Fiche d'espèce de Copépode
Calanoida ( Ordre )
    Diaptomoidea ( Superfamille )
        Acartiidae ( Famille )
            Acartia ( Genre )
                Acartiura ( Sous-Genre )
Acartia (Acartiura) discaudata  (Giesbrecht, 1881)   (F,M)
Syn.: Dias discaudata Giesbrecht, 1881; 1882.
Ref.:
Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.507, 522, figs.F,M); Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.153); Sars, 1903 (p.152, figs.F,M); Steuer, 1923 (p.11, figs.F,M); Gurney, 1931 a (p.228, figs.F,M); Wilson, 1932 a (p.163, figs.F,M); Rose, 1933 a (p.272, figs.F,M); Farran, 1948 a (n°12, p.3, figs.F); Razouls, 1972 (p.95, Annexe: p.97); Bradford, 1976 (p.195, figs.M); Brylinski, 1981 (p.257, figs.F,M); Schnack, 1982 (p.89, figs. Mx2, Md, Mxp); Behrends & al., 1997 (p.594, figs.F); Bradford-Grieve, 1999 (n°181, p.3, figs.F,M); Castro-Longoria, 2001 (p.225, fig.2); Avancini & al., 2006 (p.108, Pl. 76, figs.F,M, Rem.);Vives & Shmeleva, 2007 (p.416, figs.F,M, Rem.).
Espèce Acartia (Acartiura) discaudata - Planche 1 de figures morphologiquesissued from : Sars G.O. in An Account of the Crustacea of Norway. Vol. IV. Copepoda Calanoida. Published by the Bergen Museum, 1903. [Pl.CII]. Famale and Male.
Rem: P5 = fifth leg


Espèce Acartia (Acartiura) discaudata - Planche 2 de figures morphologiquesissued from : J.M. Brylinski in J. Plankton Res., 1981, 3 (2). [Fig.2, p.257].
Structure of P5 of the Acartia in the wet docks of the harbour of Dunkirk (Strait of Dover). Male and Female

a: Acartia clausi; b: A. tonsa, c: A. discaudata, d: A. bifilosa

c.f.: curved finger, c.n.: curved needle, d.t.: distal tooth, l.: lamella, l.p.: lamellar process, p.t.: proximal tooth, s.: setae, sp.: spines, 3, segment 3 of left leg.
Rem: P5 = fifth leg


Espèce Acartia (Acartiura) discaudata - Planche 3 de figures morphologiquesssued from : J. M. Bradford in N.Z. J. Mar. Freshw. Res., 1976, 10 (1). [p.196, Fig.32b]
Male (From W France: Brest Harbour): P5 (posterior view).


Espèce Acartia (Acartiura) discaudata - Planche 4 de figures morphologiquesissued from : W. Giesbrecht in Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19. [Taf.43, Fig.2].
Female: 2, habitus (dorsal).


Espèce Acartia (Acartiura) discaudata - Planche 5 de figures morphologiquesissued from : W. Giesbrecht in Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19. [Taf.43, Fig.24].
Male: 24, P5 (Ps = left leg; Pd = right leg).


Espèce Acartia (Acartiura) discaudata - Planche 6 de figures morphologiquesissued from : W. Giesbrecht in Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19. [Taf.30, Fig.27].
Female: 27, P5.


Espèce Acartia (Acartiura) discaudata - Planche 7 de figures morphologiquesissued from : C. Razouls in Th. Doc. Etat Fac. Sc. Paris VI, 1972, Annexe. [Fig.56, A, G]. As var. mediterranea.
Female (from Banyuls, G. of Lion): A, urosome and spermatophore (lateral); G, P5.


Espèce Acartia (Acartiura) discaudata - Planche 8 de figures morphologiquesissued from : C. Razouls in Th. Doc. Etat Fac. Sc. Paris VI, 1972, Annexe. [Fig.57, B]. As Acartia discaudata var. mediterranea.
Male: P5.


Espèce Acartia (Acartiura) discaudata - Planche 9 de figures morphologiquesissued from : P. Crisafi & M. Crescenti in Boll. Pesca Piscic. Idrobiol., 1972 (1974), 27 (2). [p.242, Pl.II]. As Acartia discaudata var. mediterranea.
Female (from Milazzo, Sicily): f, habitus (dorsal); f ad, posterior thoracic part and urosome (dorsal); f ad l, urosome with spermatophore (lateral); f P5, P5.

Male: m ad (urosome (dorsal); m P5, P5.


Espèce Acartia (Acartiura) discaudata - Planche 10 de figures morphologiquesissued from : A. Steuer in Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, mat.-nat. K1, 138, Abt.1, 1929. [p.504, Fig.3]. As Acartia discaudata var. mediterranea nov. var.
Male (from Naples, Mediterranean Sea]: 3, P5. B = basipodite; Re = exopodite.


Espèce Acartia (Acartiura) discaudata - Planche 11 de figures morphologiquesissued from : A. Steuer in Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, mat.-nat. K1, 138, Abt.1, 1929. [p.503, Fig.4]. As Acartia discaudata var. mediterranea nov. var.
Male (from Naples, Mediterranean Sea]:


Espèce Acartia (Acartiura) discaudata - Planche 12 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : M.G. Mazzocchi in Guida al Riconoscimento del plancton dei Mari Italiani, Vol. II, 2006. [p.84, Tav. 76]. After A. Comaschi.
As Acartia mediterranea var. mediterranea:
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, urosome (dorsal); c, same (lateral); d, P5.

Male: e, urosome (dorsal); f, P5.

Acartia discaudata:
Female: g, urosome (dorsal); h, last thoracic segment with P5 and genital segment (lateral); i, left P5.

male: L, P5.

Ref. compl.:
Gadeau de Kerville, 1894 (p.81); I.C. Thompson, 1903 a (p.31); Pearson, 1906 (p.31); Rose, 1925 (p.152); 1927 a (p.208); Sewell, 1948 (p.483); C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.152); Fleury, 1950 (p.47, fig.2); Conover, 1959 (p.259, Table 1, 2, respiration); Marshall & Orr, 1962 (tab.3); Gaudy, 1962 (p.93, 99, Rem.: p.115) ; Mazza, 1966 (p.72); Champalbert, 1969 a (p.609); Paulmier, 1971 (p.168); Lefèvre-Lehoërff, 1972 (p.1681); Della Croce & al., 1972 (p.1, fig.2, Rem.); Guglielmo, 1973 (p.399); Arndt & Heidecke, 1973 (p.599, 603); Vives, 1982 (p.295); Castel & Courties, 1982 (p./417, Table II, fig.4, spatial & monthly distribution); d'Elbée, 1984 (p.24, Fig.3); Williams & Collins, 1985 (p.27); Lozano Soldevilla & al., 1988 (p.60); Lakkis, 1990 (p.63); Rodriguez & Jiménez, 1990 (p.497); Jouffre & al., 1991 (p.489, lagoon); Seguin & al., 1993 (p.23); Sautour & Castel, 1993 (p.279); Lakkis, 1994 (p.481); Behrends & al., 1997 (p.594, anomaly); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.103); Mauchline, 1998 (tab.47); El-Sherif & Aboul Ezz, 2000 (p.61, Table 3: occurrence); d'Elbée, 2001 (tabl. 1); Holmes, 2001 (p.34, Rem.); Belmonte & Potenza, 2001 (p.173); Uysal & al., 2002 (p.17, tab.1); Zerouali & Melhaoui, 2002 (p.91, Tableau I, fig.5); Vaglio & al., 2005 (p.163); Uriarte & Villate, 2005 (p.863, tab.I); Valdés & al., 2007 (p.104: tab.1); Vincent & al., 2007 (p.295, Table 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, nitrogen transfert); Brylinski, 2009 (p.253: Tab.1, p.256: Rem.); Aravena & al., 2009 (p.621, seasonal & spatial distribution v.s. environmental factors); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.423); Mazzocchi & al., 2011 (p.1163, fig.6, long-term time-series 1984-2006); Mazzocchi & al., 2012 (p.135, annual abundance 1984-2006); Boyer & al., 2012 (p.2, fig.2, abundance & annual change); Zizah & al., 2012 (p.79, Table I, Rem.: p.89 as A. grani); Belmonte & al., 2013 (p.222, Table 2, abundance vs stations); Lindeque & al., 2013 (p.737, molecular identification); Boyer & al., 2013 (p.125, egg production vs environmental parameters); Zaafa & al., 2014 (p.67, Table I, occurrence): Uriarte & al., 2016 (p.718, fig.5: abundance vs years 1998-2011); Benedetti & al., 2016 (p.159, Table I, fig.1, functional characters); Ben Ltaief & al., 2017 (p.1, Table III, Summer relative abundance); Belmonte, 2018 (p.273, Table I: Italian zones); Richirt & al., 2019 (p.3, Table 1, fig.2, 3, 4, 5, abundance changes vs years 1998-2014, table 2: diversity index )
NZ: 8

Carte de distribution de Acartia (Acartiura) discaudata par zones géographiques
Espèce Acartia (Acartiura) discaudata - Carte de distribution 3
Carte de 1996
Espèce Acartia (Acartiura) discaudata - Carte de distribution 4Issued from : S. Boyer, M. Bouvy & D. Bonnet in Estuar, Coast. Shelf Sci., 2013, 117. [p.129, Fig.3 A, B].
Acartia discaudata: A, Abundance (ind. 33) over a year at the monitoring station in 2008, 2009 and 2010. B, Egg production (EP) .
Bars: standards deviations.
Samples collected at a fixed station (43°25'N, 03°40'E) in the Thau lagoon, close to Sète channel, with a WP2 net (200 µm mesh aperture). Mesozooplankton collected by horizontal hauls at 1 m depth.
Espèce Acartia (Acartiura) discaudata - Carte de distribution 5Issued from : S. Boyer, M. Bouvy & D. Bonnet in Estuar, Coast. Shelf Sci., 2013, 117. [p.128, Fig.2].
Environmental parameters at the sampling station in 2008, 2009, 2010, in the Thau lagoon, close to Sète channel.
Bars: Standards deviations.
A: temperature (°C); B, salinity (psu); c, chlorophyll a concentration (µg /L).
Espèce Acartia (Acartiura) discaudata - Carte de distribution 6Issued from : S. Boyer, M. Bouvy & D. Bonnet in Estuar, Coast. Shelf Sci., 2013, 117. [p.132, Fig.6, A].
Acartia discaudata: Relationship between egg production (EP) and prosome length (PL), in the Thau lagoon, close to Sète channel.
Black dotted lines represent the linear regression for all points.
Espèce Acartia (Acartiura) discaudata - Carte de distribution 7Isued from : S. Boyer, M. Bouvy & D. Bonnet in Estuar, Coast. Shelf Sci., 2013, 117. [p.130, Table 2].
Summary results after model averaging: effects of each single environmental parameter Chl a (Chlorophyll a concentration), T (temperature), S (salinity and their interactions (:) on egg production in Acartia clausi and Acartia discaudata at the sampling station in 2008, 2009, 2010, in the Thau lagoon, close to Sète channel.
Espèce Acartia (Acartiura) discaudata - Carte de distribution 8Issued from : S. Boyer, M. Bouvy & D. Bonnet in Estuar, Coast. Shelf Sci., 2013, 117. [p.131, Fig.5, B].
Acartia discaudata: Egg production (EP) in function of salinity (S) and temperature (T) in the Thau lagoon, close to Sète channel.
Blue circles: 2008; red circles: 2009; black circles: 2010.
Espèce Acartia (Acartiura) discaudata - Carte de distribution 9Issued from : I. Uriarte, F. Villate & A. Iriarte in J. Plankton Res., 2016, 38 (3). [p.724, Fig.5].
Monthly time-series from 1998 to 2011 of Acartia margalefi (black) and Acartia discaudata (grey) from inner Bilbao estuary (NW Spain). Thicker lines are moving averages. R0 is the Spearman's rank correlation coefficient (P <0.05; **P < 0.01).

Nota: A. discaudata showed positive correlation with precipitation and NAO index.
Loc:
off Woods-Hole (in Wilson, 1932 a), Senegal, Canary Islands, off Morocco, Bay of Biscay (Bilbao estuary, St.-Jean-de-Luz, Arcachon Bay, Gironde estuary, Belon estuary), Ireland, Bristol Channel, English Channel, Morlaix estuary, Granville, Southampton, Pas de Calais, Norway, North Sea, Bay of Kiel, Gulf of Mecklenburger, Baltic Sea, G. of Bothnia, Faroe, off W Tangier, Medit. (Alboran Sea, Algiers Bay, N Tunisia, Castellon, Banyuls, Thau lagoon, Marseille (rare), Genova, Ligurian Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea, G. of Naples, Strait of Messina, G. of Gabes Taranto, Adriatic Sea, Lebanon), N Red Sea (Hurgada) in El-Sherif & Aboul Ezz, 2000 (p.71) [Indonesia-Malaysia, Philippines (in Wilson,1950)]
N: 78
Lg.:
(46) F: 1,05-1; M: 0,9; (65) F: 1,2; M: 1,1; (167) F: 1,2-1; M: 1,1-0,9; {F: 1,00-1,20; M: 0,90-1,10}
Rem.: La P5 femelle peut présenter des anomalies (cf. Behrends & al., 1997).
Acartia discaudata mediterranea Steuer,1929 (F,M)
Ref.: Steuer, 1929 (p.502, figs.F,M); Rose, 1933 a (p.272: figs.F,M); Bradford, 1976 (p.195, Rem.); Bradford-Grieve, 1999 (N°181, p.4, Rem.)
Ref. compl.: Lakkis & Abboud, 1976 (p.81); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.85); Guerrero & Rodriguez, 1997 (p.584); Belmonte & Potenza, 2001 (p.173); Belmonte, 2018 (p.273, Table I: Italian zones)
Loc.: Medit. W (Naples, Malaga, Golfe du Lion: Etang de Thau; Etang de Berre, Marseille (rare), Bassin Levantin), Atlant. (Arcachon)
Lg.: (325) F: 1,19-1,06.
Principalement dans des eaux de basses salinités.
Voir aussi les remarques en anglais
Dernière mise à jour : 04/02/2020

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Razouls C., Desreumaux N., Kouwenberg J. et de Bovée F., 2005-2020. - Biodiversité des Copépodes planctoniques marins (morphologie, répartition géographique et données biologiques). Sorbonne Université, CNRS. Disponible sur http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr [Accédé le 01 décembre 2020]

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