Fiche d'espèce de Copépode
Calanoida ( Ordre )
    Arietelloidea ( Superfamille )
        Augaptilidae ( Famille )
            Augaptilus ( Genre )
Augaptilus glacialis  Sars, 1900   (F,M)
Syn.: Augaptilus zetesios Wolfenden, 1902 (p.369, figs.F); Fowler, 1903 a (p.125); Wolfenden, 1904 (p.122); van Breemen, 1908 a (p.136); Chahsavar-Archad & Razouls, 1982 (p.28, 38, figs.F)
Ref.:
Sars, 1900 (p.88, figs.F,M); 1925 (p.254, figs.F,M); Rose, 1933 a (p.216, figs.F,M); Jespersen, 1934 (p.111); 1940 (p.57); Brodsky, 1950 (1967) (p.368, figs.F,M); Vervoort, 1951 (p.144, figs.M, Rem.); 1957 (p.138, Rem.); Tanaka, 1964 b (p.77, figs.F,M); Vervoort, 1965 (p.130, Rem.); Vidal, 1971 a (p.12, 21, 112, figs.F, M); Minoda, 1971 (p.41); Tanaka & Omori, 1971 (p.259, fig.F); Matthews, 1972 (p.46, 59: Rem.); Mazzocchi & al., 1995 (p.25, figs.F,M, Rem.); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.720, Pl.: 57: F); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.882, 939, figs.F,M); Boxshall & Halsey, 2004 (p.67: fig.M); Vives & Shmeleva, 2007 (p.173, figs.F,M, Rem.)
Espèce Augaptilus glacialis - Planche 1 de figures morphologiquesissued from : O. Tanaka in Publs Seto Mar. Biol. Lab., 1964, XII (1). [p.78, Fig.212].
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, forehead (left lateral side); c, last thoracic segment and urosome); d, A2; e, Md (biting blade and mandibular palp, separately); f, P1; g, P5.
Nota: The urosome segments and furca are in the proportional lengths as 32:10:20:38 = 100. The rostral filaments short. A1 exceeds the end of the furca by distal 5 segments.

Male: h, forehead (right lateral side); i, P5. Nota: The urosome segments and furca are in the proportional lengths as 16:14:12:11:10:37 = 100. Right A1 exceeds the end of the furca by terminal 1 or 2 segments. Grasping of A1 on the left side.


Espèce Augaptilus glacialis - Planche 2 de figures morphologiquesIssued from: M.G. Mazzocchi, G. Zagami, A. Ianora, L. Guglielmo & J. Hure in Atlas of Marine Zooplankton Straits of Magellan. Copepods. L. Guglielmo & A. Ianora (Eds.), 1995. [p.27, Fig.3.1.1].
Female: habitus (dorsal); B, P5; C, Md (cutting edge of mandibular blade).
Nota: A1 exceeds end of furca by distal 4-5 segments. Proportional lengths of urosomites and furca 39:11:17:33 = 100. Caudal rami 5 times longer than wide and strongly divergent. Anal somite and furca naked on dorsal side, coarsely covered with fine hairs on ventral surface.

Male: D, habitus (dorsal); E, P5.
Nota: Left A1 geniculated. Proportional lengths of urosomites and furca 16:13:13:11:14:33 = 100. Ventral side of caudal rami bearing long hairs. P5 slightly asymmetrical.


Espèce Augaptilus glacialis - Planche 3 de figures morphologiquesIssued from: M.G. Mazzocchi, G. Zagami, A. Ianora, L. Guglielmo & J. Hure in Atlas of Marine Zooplankton Straits of Magellan. Copepods. L. Guglielmo & A. Ianora (Eds.), 1995. [p.29, Fig.3.1.3].
Male (SEM preparation): B, urosome (dorsal); C, ventral surface of furca; E, basipod 2 of right P5; F, detail of blunt denticles on basipodal segment 2 of right P5 (arrowed in E).
Bars: B 0.100 mm; C, E 0.010 mm; F, 0.005 mm.


Espèce Augaptilus glacialis - Planche 4 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : G.O. Sars in Résult. Camp. Scient. Prince Albert I, 69, pls.1-127 (1924). [Pl.LXXVI, figs.1-16].
Female: 1, habitus (dorsal); 2, idem (lateral left side); 3, forehead (lateral); 4, rostrum; 5, A2; 6, Md; 7, Mx1; 8, Mx2; 9, Mxp; 10, distal part of seta of Mxp (enlarged); 11, lateral surtellum-like buds on the same seta (enlarged); 12, P1; 13, P2; 14, P5.

Male: 15, left A1; 16, P5.


Espèce Augaptilus glacialis - Planche 5 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : K.A. Brodskii in Calanoida of the Far Eastern Seas and Polar Basin of the USSR. Opred. Fauna SSSR, 1950, 35 (Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem, 1967) [p.369, Fig.258].
Female (from central part Arctic): habitus (dorsal and lateral left side); forehead (lateral); MRi, right Md (biting edge); Mx, Mx1; S1, P1; S5, P5.

Male: S5, P5 (Le = left leg).


Espèce Augaptilus glacialis - Planche 6 de figures morphologiquesissued from : W. Vervoort in Verh. K. ned. Akad. Wet., Afd. Natuurk., 1951, (Sect. 2) 47 (2). [p.145, Fig.80].
Male (from ±66°.5S, 11°W): a, habitus (dorsal); b, left caudal ramus (dorsal).


Espèce Augaptilus glacialis - Planche 7 de figures morphologiquesissued from : W. Vervoort in Verh. K. ned. Akad. Wet., Afd. Natuurk., 1951, (Sect. 2) 47 (2). [p.146, Fig.81).
Male: P5 anterior; rt = right foot, lt = left foot).
Nota: The Sars'drawings of P5 differ slightly in the length of the marginal spines of both exopods.


Espèce Augaptilus glacialis - Planche 8 de figures morphologiquesissued from : O. Tanaka & M. Omori in Publ. Seto Mar. Biol. Lab., 1971, XIX, 4. [p.260, Fig.5, a].
Female (from Izu Region): a, last thoracic segment and urosome (dorsal).


Espèce Augaptilus glacialis - Planche 9 de figures morphologiquesissued from : R.N. Wolfenden in J. mar biol. Ass. U.K., 1902, n.ser. 6 (1). [Pl. III, 1-3, 6-8]. As Augaptilus zetesios.
Female (from Faröe Channel): 1, habitus (dorsal); 2, P5; 3, spine on 2nd segment of exopodite of P5; 6, exopodal segment 3 of P1; 7, Md; 8, Mx1.


Espèce Augaptilus glacialis - Planche 10 de figures morphologiquesissued from : R.N. Wolfenden in J. mar biol. Ass. U.K., 1902, n. ser. 6 (1). [Pl. III, 5, 9]. As Augaptilus zetesios.
Female: 5, P1; 9, A2.


Espèce Augaptilus glacialis - Planche 11 de figures morphologiquesissued from : R.N. Wolfenden in J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K., 1902, n. ser. 6 (1). [Pl. III, 10]. As Augaptilus zetesios.
Female: 10, Mx2.


Espèce Augaptilus glacialis - Planche 12 de figures morphologiquesissued from : R.N. Wolfenden in J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K., 1902, n. ser. 6 (1). [Pl. III, 13]. As Augaptilus zetesios.
Female: 12, A1.


Espèce Augaptilus glacialis - Planche 13 de figures morphologiquesissued from : R.N. Wolfenden in J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K., 1902, n. ser. 6 (1). [Pl. III, 11, 12]. As Augaptilus zetesios.
Female: 11, Mxp; 12, processes on bristles of Mxp.


Espèce Augaptilus glacialis - Planche 14 de figures morphologiquesissued from : R.N. Wolfenden in J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K., 1902, n. ser. 6 (1). [Pl. III, 4]. As Augaptilus zetesios.
Female: 4, P4.

Ref. compl.:
Mrazek, 1902 (p.523); Damas & Koefoed, 1907 (p.400, tab.II); Rose, 1937 a (p.12); Sewell, 1948 (p.496, 504); C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.170); Østvedt, 1955 (p.15: Table 3, p.76); M.W. Johnson, 1963 (p.89, Table 1, 2); Unterüberbacher, 1964 (p.30); De Decker & Mombeck, 1964 (p.11); Grice & Hulsemann, 1965 (p.224); Mazza, 1966 (p.72); 1967 (p.344); Grice & Hulsemann, 1967 (p.18); Harding, 1966 (p.17, 71); Vinogradov, 1968 (1970) (p.261); Itoh, 1970 (tab.1); Roe, 1972 (p.277, tabl.1, tabl.2); Björnberg, 1973 (p.348, 384); Deevey & Brooks, 1977 (p.156, tab.2, Station "S"); Buchanan & Sekerak, 1982 (p.41, vertical distribution); Vives, 1982 (p.294); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.85); Roe, 1984 (p.358); Groendahl & Hernroth, 1986 (tab.1); Lozano Soldevilla & al., 1988 (p.59); Hopkins & Torres, 1988 (tab.1); Kosobokova, 1989 (p.27); Heinrich, 1990 (p.18); Mumm, 1993 (tab.1, fig.2); Richter, 1994 (tab.4.1a); Shih & Young,1995 (p.67); Hanssen, 1997 (tab.3.1); Kosobokova & al., 1998 (tab.2); Voronina & Kolosova, 1999 (p.71, comme glacilis); Lapernat, 2000 (tabl. 3, 4); Razouls & al., 2000 (p.343, tab. 5, Appendix); Kosobokova & Hirche, 2000 (p.2029, tab.2); Auel & Hagen, 2002 (p.1013, tab.2); ? Lo & al., 2004 (p.89, tab.1 as gracilis :? lapsus calami); Hop & al., p.182, Table 4); Schnack-Schiel & al., 2008 (p.1045: Tab.2); Kosobokova & al., 2007 (p.919, Tab.3, 6, fig.2); Blachowiak-Samolyk & al., 2007 (p.2716, Table 2); Galbraith, 2009 (pers. comm.); Park & Ferrari, 2009 (p.143, Table 4, Appendix 1, biogeography); Kosobokova & Hopcroft, 2010 (p.96, Table 1, fig.7); Dvoretsky & Dvoretsky, 2010 (p.991, Table 2); Bucklin & al., 2010 (p.40, Table 1, Biol mol.); Kosobokova & al, 2011 (p.29, Table 2, fig.4, Rem.: Arctic Basins); Hidalgo & al., 2012 (p.134, Table 2); Belmonte, 2018 (p.273, Table I: Italian zones)
NZ: 19

Carte de distribution de Augaptilus glacialis par zones géographiques
Espèce Augaptilus glacialis - Carte de distribution 4issued from : W. Vervoort in B.A.N.Z. Antarctic Reseach Expedition, Reports - Ser. B, Vol. III, 1957 [Fig.131]
Chart showing the geographical distribution (white circle) in the seas surrounding the Antarctic continent.
Nota: In this chart the area frequented by whaling vessels has been hatched. The Antarctic circle (66°.5 S) has been drawn as a broken line. The numbers I to VI refer to the sectors into which the Antarctic seas are divided according to Mackintosh (1942) (after Vervoort, 1951).
Loc:
Antarct. (Weddell Sea, SE Atlant., Indian), sub-Antarct. (Indian, SE Pacif.), Straits of Magellan (Pacific area), South Africa (E), Atlant. (tropical, temperate), Namibia, G. of Guinea, off NW Cape Verde Is., off S Cape Verde Is., off Madeira, Portugal, off W Cabo Finisterre, Azores, W Gibraltar, Medit. (Algiers, Ligurian Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea), off Amazon, off Bermuda (Station "S"), Sargasso Sea, Arct. (all polar basins), Arct. (Fram Strait, central, Fletcher's Ice Is.), Canadian abyssal plain, Canada Basin, Baffin Bay, Fram Strait, Greenland Sea, Barents Sea, Nansen Basin, Laptev Sea, S Iceland, Faroe Is., Norway Sea, North Sea, Indian, China Seas (East China Sea, South China Sea), ? Taiwan (N: Mienhua Canyon), Japan, Pacif. (NW & NE), Hawaii-California, Vancouver Is., Pacif. (SE tropical), Chile, off Santiago.
N: 62
Lg.:
(1) F: 5,3; (16) F: 4,9-4,1; M: 3,8-3,7; (22) F: 5,3-4,6; M: 5,1-4,4; (25) F: 5,72; (31) M: 4,43; (36) F: 5,19-4,51; M: 4,39-4,04; (69) F: 5,88; M: 5,19; (90) F: 5,9-4,03; (134) F: 4,82; (199) F: 4,96-4,32; M: 3,52; (208) F: 5,1; M: 5; (432) F: 5,7-4,5; (1001) F: 4,25-4,95; {F: 4,03-5,90; M: 3,70-5,19}

The mean female size is 4.949 mm (n = 19; SD = 0.5889), and the mean male size is 4.357 mm (n = 10; SD = 0.5973). The size ratio (male : female) is 0.88 (n = 6; SD = 0.0817).
Rem.: méso-bathypélagique.
Sampling depth (Antarct., sub-Antarct.): 500-1000 m.
Voir aussi les remarques en anglais
Dernière mise à jour : 05/02/2020

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Razouls C., de Bovée F., Kouwenberg J. et Desreumaux N., 2005-2020. - Diversité et répartition géographique chez les Copépodes planctoniques marins. Sorbonne Université, CNRS. Disponible sur http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr [Accédé le 28 septembre 2020]

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