Fiche d'espèce de Copépode
Calanoida ( Ordre )
    Clausocalanoidea ( Superfamille )
        Clausocalanidae ( Famille )
            Clausocalanus ( Genre )
Clausocalanus minor  Sewell, 1929   (F,M)
Syn.: Clausocalanus arcuicornis minor : Sewell, 1929 (p.92, figs.F); Tanaka, 1956 c (part., p.382, fig.11c: F); Brodsky, 1962 c (part., p.116, figs.F); Furuhashi, 1966 a (p.295, vertical distribution in Kuroshio region, Table 10); Neto & Paiva, 1966 (p.22, Rem.);
C. arcuicornis : Früchtl, 1924 b (p.20, fig.9); ? Krishnaswamy, 1953 (p.116); Farran, 1936 a (part., p.82, fig.2b); Dakin & Colefax, 1940; Tanaka, 1960 (part., p.30, pl. X, figs.7, 8); Brodsky, 1962 c (part., p.116, pl.20); ? Saraswathy, 1966 (1967) (p.76);
C. arcuicornis sp.4 : Fleminger, 1964 a; 1967 a (tab.I)
Ref.:
Frost & Fleminger, 1968 (p.59, figs.F,M, Rem.); Chen Zhang, 1974 (p.103); Greenwood, 1977 (p.52, figs.F); Bradford-Grieve, 1994 (p.119, figs.F,M, fig.101); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.777, Pl.89,94: F,M); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.878, 916, figs.F,M); Bucklin & al., 2003 (p.335, tab.2, fig.1, Biomol); Al-Yamani & Prusova, 2003 (p.45, figs.F,M); Al-Yamani & al., 2011 (p.34, figs.F,M)
Espèce Clausocalanus minor - Planche 1 de figures morphologiquesissued from : B. Frost & A. Fleminger in Bull. Scripps Inst. Oceanogr. Univ. California, San Diego, 1968, 12. [Pl.43, p.186-187; Pl.44, p.188-189].

Female: 1 a, habitus (right lateral view); 1 b, idem (dorsal view); 1 c, rostrum (right lateral); 1 d, rostrum (anteroventral); 1 e, frontal region (right lateral); 1 f, Th.4-5 (posterior part) and genital segment (right lateral); 1 g, ventral half of genital segment (right lateral); a,b,g taken from one specimen; c,e from another; d,f from third and fourth specimens, respectively; 2 a, genital segment (ventral view); 2 b, Th.4-5 (posterior part) and urosome with spermatophore attached (right lateral); 2 c, B2 of P2; 2 d, B2 of P3; 2 e, Re3 and St of P3; 2 f-g, P5; 2a-b from different specimens; 2 c-e from a third; 2 f and 2 g from fourth and fith, respectively.
Nota: In lateral view ventral profile of genital segment with a prominent step posterior to genital pores


Espèce Clausocalanus minor - Planche 2 de figures morphologiquesissued from : B. Frost & A. Fleminger in Bull. Scripps Inst. Oceanogr. Univ. California, San Diego, 1968, 12. [Pl.45, p.190-191; Pl.46, p.192-193].

Male: 1 a, habitus (right lateral view); 1 b, idem (dorsal view); 1 c, frontal region (right lateral); 1 d, Th.4-5 (posterior part) and urosome (right lateral); 1 e, urosome (dorsal); 1 f, B2 of P2; 1 g, B2 of P3; 1 a-d all from different specimens; 1 e-g taken from one specimen; 2 a, P5 (right lateral); 2 b, P5 (posterior); 2 c-f, right P5; 4 P5 (distal part) and 5 P5 (left posterolateral); 2 a-g taken from different specimens.
Nota: Right P5 bi - or trimerous, distal segments large. A1 fused segments 20-21 more than 1.35 times as long as segment 22.
Nota: Right P5 always biremous, distal segment reduced. A1 fused segments 20-21 less than 1.35 times as long as segment 22.


Espèce Clausocalanus minor - Planche 3 de figures morphologiquesissued from : R.B.S. Sewell in Mem. Indian Mus., 1929, X. [p.92, Fig.36]. As Clausocalanus arcuicornis forma minor.
Female (from Nankauri Harbour ): a, habitus (lateral right side); b, urosome (ventral); c, genital segment; d, P2; e, P3; f, P4; g, P5; g', the end of distal segment of P5 (enlarged).


Espèce Clausocalanus minor - Planche 4 de figures morphologiquesissued from : B. Frost & A. Fleminger in Bull. Scripps Inst. Oceanogr. Univ. California, 1968, 12. [p.46, Table 3a].
Clausocalanus minor Females: Measurements and ratios .
TL = total body length ; SL = spermatophore length ; P :U = ratio of prosome length to urosome length ; U :U1 = ratio of total urosome length to length of 1st urosomal segment (genital segment) ; S :U1 = ratio of spermatophore sac length to U1 length of female on which spermatophore is attached ; r = sample range; m = sample mean; n = number of specimens measured; s = sample standard deviation.


Espèce Clausocalanus minor - Planche 5 de figures morphologiquesissued from : B. Frost & A. Fleminger in Bull. Scripps Inst. Oceanogr. Univ. California, 1968, 12. [p.47, Table 3b].
Clausocalanus minor Males: Measurements and ratios .
TL = total body length; P :U = ratio of prosome length to urosome length ; P:U2 = ratio of prosome length to length od 2nd urosomal segment; U2:2P5 = ratio of U2 length to length of 2nd segment of longer ramus of P5; U2:3P5 = ratio of U2 length of 3rd segment of longer ramus of P5; 3P5:2P5 = ratio of length of 3P5 of longer ramus to length of 2P5 of longer ramus; r = sample range; m = sample mean; n = number of specimens measured; s = sample standard deviation.


Espèce Clausocalanus minor - Planche 6 de figures morphologiquesissued from : B. Frost & A. Fleminger in Bull. Scripps Inst. Oceanogr. Univ. California, 1968, 12. [p.189, Pl.44, e].
Female: e, exopodal segment 3 of P3.


Espèce Clausocalanus minor - Planche 7 de figures morphologiquesissued from : B. Frost & A. Fleminger in Bull. Scripps Inst. Oceanogr. Univ. California, 1968, 12. [p.189, Pl.44, c, d, f-g].
Female: c, basipodite 2 of P2; d, basipodite 2 of P3; f-g, P5 (from different specimens).


Espèce Clausocalanus minor - Planche 8 de figures morphologiquesissued from : B. Frost & A. Fleminger in Bull. Scripps Inst. Oceanogr. Univ. California, 1968, 12. [p.191, Pl.45, d, e].
Male: d, posterior part of last thoracic segment and urosome (right lateral); e, urosome (dorsal).


Espèce Clausocalanus minor - Planche 9 de figures morphologiquesissued from : B. Frost & A. Fleminger in Bull. Scripps Inst. Oceanogr. Univ. California, 1968, 12. [p.191, Pl.45, f, g].
Male: f, basipodite 2 of P2; g, basipodite 2 of P3.


Espèce Clausocalanus minor - Planche 10 de figures morphologiquesissued from : B. Frost & A. Fleminger in Bull. Scripps Inst. Oceanogr. Univ. California, 1968, 12. [p.193, Pl.46].
Male: a, P5 (right lateral); b, P5 (posterior); c-f, right P5 (lateral); g, 4th segment of P5 (distal part) and 5th segment of P5 (posterolateral). from different specimens.


Espèce Clausocalanus minor - Planche 11 de figures morphologiquesissued from : J.G. Greenwood in Proc. R. Soc. Qd, 1977, 88. [p.53, Fig.1].
Female (from 27°20'S, 153°15'E): a, forehead (lateral); b, 5th thoracic segment and urosome (lateral); c, same (ventral); d, basis of P3; e, basis of P2; f-g, P5.


Espèce Clausocalanus minor - Planche 12 de figures morphologiquesissued from : Y. Al-Yamani, V. Skryabin, A. Gubanova, S. khvorov & I. Prusova in Marine Zooplankton Practical Guide for the Northwestern Arabian Gulf, 2, 2011. [p.34, Fig.150].
Female (from Kuwait): A-B, habitus (dorsal and lateral, respectively); C, urosome (dorsal); D, rostrum; E, genital segment (left lateral); F, P5.


Espèce Clausocalanus minor - Planche 13 de figures morphologiquesissued from : Y. Al-Yamani, V. Skryabin, A. Gubanova, S. khvorov & I. Prusova in Marine Zooplankton Practical Guide for the Northwestern Arabian Gulf, 2, 2011. [p.35, Fig.152, a-c].
Female: a-b, habitus (dorsal and left lateral, respectively); c, urosome (left lateral).


Espèce Clausocalanus minor - Planche 14 de figures morphologiquesissued from : Y. Al-Yamani, V. Skryabin, A. Gubanova, S. khvorov & I. Prusova in Marine Zooplankton Practical Guide for the Northwestern Arabian Gulf, 2, 2011. [p.35, Fig.152, d].
Female: P3 (arrow indicates characteristic of the basipodite).


Espèce Clausocalanus minor - Planche 15 de figures morphologiquesissued from : Y. Al-Yamani, V. Skryabin, A. Gubanova, S. khvorov & I. Prusova in Marine Zooplankton Practical Guide for the Northwestern Arabian Gulf, 2, 2011. [p.34, Fig.151].
Male: G-H, habitus (dorsal and left lateral, respectively); I, urosome (dorsal); J, basipodite of P3; K, P5.


Espèce Clausocalanus minor - Planche 16 de figures morphologiquesissued from : Y. Al-Yamani, V. Skryabin, A. Gubanova, S. khvorov & I. Prusova in Marine Zooplankton Practical Guide for the Northwestern Arabian Gulf, 2, 2011. [p.35, Fig.153]
Male: a-b, habitus (dorsal and left lateral views, respectively).

Ref. compl.:
Fleminger, 1967 a (tabl.1); Fleminger & Hulsemann, 1973 (p.340, carte); Carter, 1977 (1978) (p.35); Smith S.L., 1982 (p.1331, abundance, monsoon effect); Van der Spoel & Heyman, 1983 (p.44, fig.55); Madhupratap & Haridas, 1986 (p.105, tab.1); Othman & al., 1990 (p.561, 563, Table 1); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.72); Hsiao & al., 2004 (p.325, tab.1); Hsieh & al. 2004 (p.397, tab.1, p.399, tab.2); Lan & al., 2004 (p.332, tab.1, tab.2); Lo & al., 2004 (p.89, tab.1); Kazmi, 2004 (p.229); Cornils & al., 2007 (p.58, 60, 66,Rem.); Dur & al., 2007 (p.197, Table IV); Lan Y.C. & al., 2008 (p.61, Table 1, % vs stations); C.-Y. Lee & al., 2009 (p.151, Tab.2); Lan Y.-C. & al., 2009 (p.1, Table 2, % vs hydrogaphic conditions); Cornils & al., 2010 (p.2076, Table 3); Fazeli & al., 2010 (p.153, Table 1); Hsiao S.H. & al., 2011 (p.475, Appendix I); Hsiao & al., 2011 (p.317, Table 2, indicator of seasonal change); Uysal & Shmeleva, 2012 (p.909, Table I); Johan & al., 2012 (2013) (p.1, Table 1); in CalCOFI regional list (MDO, Nov. 2013; M. Ohman, comm. pers.); Tachibana & al., 2013 (p.545, Table 1, seasonal change 2006-2008); Hirai & al., 2013 (p.1, Table I, molecular marker); Ohtsuka & Nishida, 2017 (p.565, Table 22.1);
NZ: 10 + 1 douteuse

Carte de distribution de Clausocalanus minor par zones géographiques
Espèce Clausocalanus minor - Carte de distribution 3issued from : B. Frost & A. Fleminger in Bull. Scripps Inst. Oceanogr. Univ. California, San Diego, 1968, 12. [p.60, Chart 8, a].
Occurrence of C. minor in samples examined; closed circles represent samples examined; open circles represent samples in which adults were found; bars through open circles represent samples from which specimens were removed for measurements.
Espèce Clausocalanus minor - Carte de distribution 4issued from : B. Frost & A. Fleminger in Bull. Scripps Inst. Oceanogr. Univ. California, San Diego, 1968, 12. [p.61, Chart 8, b].
Occurrence of C. minor in samples examined; closed circles represent samples examined; open circles represent samples in which adults were found; bars through open circles represent samples from which specimens were removed for measurements.
Espèce Clausocalanus minor - Carte de distribution 5issued from : A. Cornils, B. Niehoff, C. Richter, T. Al-Najjar & B. Schnack-Schiel in J. Plankton Res., 2007, 29 (1). [p.60, Figs.1, 2].
Above: Annual cycle of sea surface temperature and depth -integrated (0-100 m) chlorophyll a (mg/m2)
Below: Relative frequency (%) of the clausocalanid females over the investigation period (March 2002 to December 2003) in the northern Gulf of Aqaba (29°27'87 N, 34°57' 87 E; depth 300 m) for Clausocalanus minor, C. farrani, C. furcatus and Ctenocalanus vanus.

Nota: Collected by vertical hauls from 100 m depth to the surface. Sampling performed between 9 a.m. and 3 p.m. on a monthly basis.
Espèce Clausocalanus minor - Carte de distribution 6Issued from : C.B. Miller in Biological Oceanography, Blackwell Publishing, 2005. [p.363, Fig. 16.16 (a)]. After Dessier & Donguy, 1987.
Time series of abundance estimates for Clausocalanus spp. (mainly C. minor, C. farrani, C. jobei) species sampled along the Pacific equator from passenger liner on a regular schedule.
Miller underlines that serial abundance for this species from the equator to 0°-2°N shows strong seasonality and dramatic reduction during the 1982-1983 El Niño (with a a sharp reduction of nitrate). A long list of other species also nearly vanished in that event. At least the stocks of hebivorous species rebounded immediately in 1984 (see E. rimana, a predator).
Loc:
? Angola (Baia Farta), South Africa, E Medit. (Lebanon Basin); Red Sea (G. of Aqaba), Gulf of Oman, Arabian Gulf, Kuwait, Somalia, Indian, Indonesia-Malaysia, Bintulu coast, SW Celebes, China Seas (East China Sea, South China Sea), Taiwan Strait, Taiwan (SW, E, W, NW, N, Mienhua Canyon), Japan (Tokyo Bay, Honshu: Suruga Bay), Hawaii, Australia ( Moreton Bay, Shark Bay, G. of Carpentaria), Tasman Sea, New Zealand, Pacif. (equatorial, tropical), California
N: 39 ?
Lg.:
(29) F: 0,94; (30) F: 1,26-1,08; M: 1,04-0,79; ? (530) F: 1; ? (795) F: 0,96; (937) F: 1,17-1,25; M: 0,92-0,93; (1085) F: 1,1-1,3; M: 0,8-1; (1085) F: 1,1-1,3; M: 0,8-1,0; {F: 0,94-1,30; M: 0,79-1,04}

The mean female size is 1.157 mm (n = 7; SD = 0.1266), and the mean male size is 0.913 mm (n = 6; SD = 0.1019). The size ratio (male : female) is 0.77 (n = 3; SD = 0.0160).
Rem.: épipélagique.
Voir aussi les remarques en anglais
Dernière mise à jour : 15/09/2020

 Toute utilisation de ce site pour une publication sera mentionnée avec la référence suivante :

Razouls C., Desreumaux N., Kouwenberg J. et de Bovée F., 2005-2020. - Biodiversité des Copépodes planctoniques marins (morphologie, répartition géographique et données biologiques). Sorbonne Université, CNRS. Disponible sur http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr [Accédé le 02 décembre 2020]

© copyright 2005-2020 Sorbonne Université, CNRS

Webmaster
Mentions légales et informations nominatives
CNRS   Observatoire Océanologique de Banyuls sur Mer - Laboratoire Arago
Sorbonne Université

 

Version française
English version

 

Rechercher

Sur le WEB du CNRS

 


Copépodes planctoniques marins

Copépodes planctoniques marins

 

Imprimer Contact Accueil Plan du site Accès restreint Retour Une du Labo Imprimer Contact Plan du site Crédits Téléchargez les Plug-Ins