Fiche d'espèce de Copépode
Calanoida ( Ordre )
    Diaptomoidea ( Superfamille )
        Acartiidae ( Famille )
            Paralabidocera ( Genre )
Paralabidocera antarctica  (I.C. Thompson, 1898)   (F,M)
Syn.: Paracartia antarctica I.C. Thompson, 1898 a (p.295, figs.F,M);
Paralabidocera hodgsoni Wolfenden, 1908 (p.26, figs.F,M); Cépède, 1914 a (p.152)
Ref.:
Farran, 1929 (p.210, 280); Vervoort, 1951 (p.148, Rem.); 1957 (p.145, Rem.); Senö & al., 1963 (p.9, figs.F,M); Tanaka, 1964 (p.10, figs.F,M); Bradford, 1971 b (p.27, figs.F,M, Rem.); Brodsky & Zvereva, 1976 a (p.237, figs.F,M, Rem.); Tanimura, 1992 (p.109, figs. Nauplius, juv., F,M,); Menshenina & Melnikov, 1995 (p.128); Barthélémy, 1999 (p.859, 867, figs.F); 1999 a (p.9, Fig.29, A-F); Costanzo & al., 2002 (p.855, figs. Nauplius); Park & Ferrari, 2009 (p.143, Table 1, Appendix 1, biogeography from Southern Ocean)
Espèce Paralabidocera antarctica - Planche 1 de figures morphologiquesissued from : Tanaka O. in Scient. Rep. Jap. Antarct. Res. Exped., 1964, (E) 22. [Pl. III].
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, forehead (right lateral side); c, last thoracic segment and urosome (right lateral side); d, A1; e, A2; f, Md; g, Mx1; h, Mx2; i, Mxp; j, P1; k, P2; l, P4; m, P5.


Espèce Paralabidocera antarctica - Planche 2 de figures morphologiquesissued from : Tanaka O. in Scient. Rep. Jap. Antarct. Res. Exped., 1964, (E) 22. [Pl. IV].
Male: a, habitus (dorsal); b, last thoracic segment and urosome (right lateral side); c, right A1; d, P5


Espèce Paralabidocera antarctica - Planche 3 de figures morphologiquesissued from : J.A. Zvereva Issled. Fauny Moreï, 1972, 12 (20). [p.223, Fig.5].
Female: 1, habitus (right lateral side); 2, idem (dorsal); 3, last thoracic segment and urosome; 4, P5.

Male: 5, habitus (dorsal); ; 6, P5; 7, terminal part of left P5.


Espèce Paralabidocera antarctica - Planche 4 de figures morphologiquesissued from : J.A. Zvereva in Issled. Fauny Moreï, 1972, 12 (20). [p.223, Fig.5].
Female: 1, habitus (right lateral side); 2, idem (dorsal); 3, last thoracic segment and urosome; 4, P5.

Male: 5, habitus (dorsal); ; 6, P5; 7, terminal part of left P5.


Espèce Paralabidocera antarctica - Planche 5 de figures morphologiquesissued from : E.I. Waghorn in N. Z. J. Mar. Freshw. Res., 1979, 13 (3). [p.468, Fig.8, d].
Male (from 73°32'S, 171°22'E): P5.

Scale bars 0.1 mm.


Espèce Paralabidocera antarctica - Planche 6 de figures morphologiquesissued from : R.-M. Bathélémy in J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K., 1999, 79. [p.866, Fig.10, A-B].
Scanning electon miccrograph. Female: A, genital double-somite (ventral) showing lateral position of genital slits (arrows); B, detail of the left lateral view; Note position of the genital slit (arrow) under a bilobed expansion (arrowhead).
Scale bars: 0.020 mm (A, B).


Espèce Paralabidocera antarctica - Planche 7 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : J.M. Bradford in N.Z. Oceanogr. Inst., 1971, 206, Part 8, No 59. [p.27, Fig.126].
Male (from western Ross Sea): 126, P5.
Scale bar: 100 µm.


Espèce Paralabidocera antarctica - Planche 8 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : J.M. Bradford in N.Z. Oceanogr. Inst., 1971, 206, Part 8, No 59. [p.27, Fig.127].
Female (from western Ross Sea): 127, P5.
Scale bar: 100 µm.


Espèce Paralabidocera antarctica - Planche 9 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : C. Razouls in Ann. Inst. océanogr., Paris, 1994, 70 (1). [p.180]. Caractéristiques morphologiques de Paralabidocera antarctica femelle et mâle adultes.
Terminologie et abbréviations: voir à Calanus propinquus.

Ref. compl.:
Sewell, 1948 (p.575); Fukuchi & Tanimura, 1981 (p.37); Ikeda & Hing Fay, 1981 (1982) (p.921, Table 3, respiration); Tanimura & al., 1984 (p.12); Fukuchi & al., 1985 (p.52); Kawaguchi & al., 1986 (tab.2); Zmijewska, 1987 (tab.2a); Tucker & Burton, 1990 (p.591, tab.1, Rem.: seasonal, spatial variations); Eslake & al., 1991 (p.93, Table 1, 2, temporal changes); Tanimura & al., 1996 (p.257, seasonal & vertical distribution, life history); Swadling & al., 1997 (p.39, grazing); Atkinson, 1998 (p.289, Table 1, biological data); Mauchline, 1998 (tab.58); Razouls & al., 2000 (p.343, tab. 2, 5, Appendix); Beaumont & al., 2001 (p.55); 2002 (p.133, tab.1); Guglielmo & al., 2007 (p.747, Table 4, 5); Kiko & al., 2008 (p.1000, Table 3); Loots & al., 2009 (p.599, figs.4, 5, 6); Kramer & al., 2011 (p.1062, Table 2, occurrence vs meiofauna); Michels & al., 2012 (p.369, Table 1, occurrence frequency); Lee D.B. & al., 2013 (p.1215, Table 1, abundance, composition)
NZ: 2

Carte de distribution de Paralabidocera antarctica par zones géographiques
Espèce Paralabidocera antarctica - Carte de distribution 3issued from : E.I. Waghorn in N. Z. J. Mar. Freshw. Res., 1979, 13 (3). [p.469, Table 2].
Records of the Antarctic Paralabidocera antarctica.
* A few specimens were taken north of the Antarctic Circle (1 juvenil at 42°06'S).
Espèce Paralabidocera antarctica - Carte de distribution 4Issued from : A. Tanimura, T. Hoshiai & M. Fukuchi in Antactic Science, 1996, 8 (3). [p.262, Fig.7, b].
Seasonal change in percentage composition of developmental stages of Paralabidocera antarctica in sea water in 1982-1983 near Syowa Station (69°00'S, 39°35'E).
n = numbers of individuals examined.

The results indicate that the species has a one-year cycle and inhabits the ice-seawater interface throughout its life span.
Espèce Paralabidocera antarctica - Carte de distribution 5Issued from : A. Tanimura, T. Hoshiai & M. Fukuchi in Antactic Science, 1996, 8 (3). [p.264, Fig.10].
Schematic comparison of the relations with sea ice among Paralabidocera antarctica and Stephos longipes (Kurbjeweit & al., 1993).
Stippled area indicates the main habitat throughout the life cycle in each copepod.

Nota: The two species depend entirely on the ice algae rather phytoplakton in the water as food (Dahms & al., 1990; Kurbjeweit & al., 1993). However, there are differences in their relationship with sea ice through their life cycles. The relationship with sea ice is much weaker for Stephos longipes than for Paralabidocera antarctica.
Espèce Paralabidocera antarctica - Carte de distribution 6Issued from : A. Tanimura, T. Hoshiai & M. Fukuchi in Antactic Science, 1996, 8 (3). [p.259, Fig.3].
Seasonal change in a: water temperature, b: salinity, and c: chlorophyll a concentration at Siwowa Station.
Data on water temperature and salinity were obtained from the depth of just beneath sea ice (0 m), 2, 4 and 6m at station 1 in 1982-1983. Chlorophyll a concentration is expressed as an average value within bottom 10 cm of ice for sea ice (Stn 1: 1970; Stn A: 1982) and water column (0-8 m) for the sea water (Stn1: 1982-1983). Data from Hoshai, 1981 and Fukuchi & al., 1985.
Loc:
Antarct. (Amundsen Sea, South Shetland Is., Peninsula, Scotia Sea, Weddell Sea, Syowa Station, Fletcher Lake, Ellis fjord, Ross Sea, Davis Station-Gardner Is., Terra Nova Bay, Dumont d'urville), New Zealand (very rare in Farran, 1929: juvenil form)
N: 40
Lg.:
(25) F: 2,07-1,98; (31) F: 1,7-1,67; (35) F: 2,1-1,92; M: 1,75-1,56; (114) F: 1,92-1,88; M: 1,62-1,54; (195) F: 1,5; 2-1,55; M: 1,6; {F: 1,50-2,10; M: 1,54-1,75}
Rem.: Sampling depth (Antact.): 0-100 m.
Voir aussi les remarques en anglais
Dernière mise à jour : 14/05/2019

 Toute utilisation de ce site pour une publication sera mentionnée avec la référence suivante :

Razouls C., Desreumaux N., Kouwenberg J. et de Bovée F., 2005-2020. - Biodiversité des Copépodes planctoniques marins (morphologie, répartition géographique et données biologiques). Sorbonne Université, CNRS. Disponible sur http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr [Accédé le 01 décembre 2020]

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