Fiche d'espèce de Copépode
Calanoida ( Ordre )
    Clausocalanoidea ( Superfamille )
        Euchaetidae ( Famille )
            Euchaeta ( Genre )
Euchaeta tenuis  Esterly, 1906   (F,M)
Syn.: E. solida Esterly, 1911 (p.324, figs.M)); Sewell, 1948 (p.556, 563);
Pareuchaeta solida : Brodsky, 1950 (1967) (p.221, figs.M); ? Tanaka & Omori, 1968 (p.255, figs.M);
Paraeuchaeta tenuis : Bradford & al., 1983 (p.23); in CalCOFI regional list (MDO, Nov. 2013; M. Ohman, comm. pers.);
Pareuchaeta tenuis : Heinrich, 1990 (p.17)
Ref.:
Esterly, 1906 a (p.61, Descr.F, figs.F); A. Scott, 1909 (p.68, figs.F); Sewell, 1929 (p.133, 149, figs.F,M, juv., Rem.); 1947 (p.117); Brodsky, 1950 (1967) (p.202, figs.F, Rem.); Vervoort, 1957 (p.78); Grice, 1962 (p.201, figs.F,M); Tanaka, 1973 (p.138, figs.F,M); Chen & Shen, 1974 (p.129, figs.F); Park, 1995 (p.25, Redescr.F,M, figs.F,M)
Espèce Euchaeta tenuis - Planche 1 de figures morphologiquesissued from : T. Park in Bull. Scripps Inst. Oceanogr. Univ. California, San Diego, 1995, 29. [p.125, Fig.15].
Female (from the eastern Pacific): a, forehead (left side); b, urosome (left); c, d, e, genital somite (left, right, ventral, respectively); f, Mx1 (first inner lobe omitted); g, P1 (anterior); h, P2 (anterior).
Female (from the central equatorial Pacific): i, genital somite (left);
Female (from the East China Sea): j, genital somite (left).


Espèce Euchaeta tenuis - Planche 2 de figures morphologiquesissued from : T. Park in Bull. Scripps Inst. Oceanogr. Univ. California, San Diego, 1995, 29. [p.126, Fig.16].
Male (from off the west coast of South America): a, forehead (left side); b, P1(anterior); c, P2 (anterior); d, exopod of left 5th leg (anterior); e, idem (anterior, tilted clockwise); f, idem (medial, tilted clockwise)


Espèce Euchaeta tenuis - Planche 3 de figures morphologiquesissued from : R.B.S. Sewell in Mem. Indian Mus., 1929, X. [p.150, Fig.58].
Bemale (from off SE Sri-Lanka): a, habitus (dorsal); b, forehead (lateral); c, urosome (lateral left side); d, Mx2; e, P1; f, P2 (exopodal segments 2 and 3).

Male: g, P5; h, left P5.


Espèce Euchaeta tenuis - Planche 4 de figures morphologiquesissued from : Q.-c Chen & C.-j. Shen in Studia Marina Sinica, 1974, 9. [p.129, Figs.20-22].
Female: 20, habitus (dorsal); 21, forehead (lateral); 22, P2.


Espèce Euchaeta tenuis - Planche 5 de figures morphologiquesissued from : A. Scott in Siboga-Expedition, 1909, XIX a. [Plate XIX, Figs.1-8].
Female (from Indonesia-Malaysia): 1, habitus (dorsal); 2, forehead (lateral); 3, last thoracic and genital segments (left side); 4, A1; 5, Mxp (one of the distal hairs); 6, P1; 7, P2; 8, part of terminal spine of exopodite of P3.


Espèce Euchaeta tenuis - Planche 6 de figures morphologiquesissued from : C.O. Esterly in Univ. Calif. Publs Zool., 1911, 6 (14). [Pl.26, Fig.2]. As Euchaeta solida.
Male (from San Diego Region): 2, habitus (lateral).


Espèce Euchaeta tenuis - Planche 7 de figures morphologiquesissued from : C.O. Esterly in Univ. Calif. Publs Zool., 1911, 6 (14). [Pl.28, Fig.34]. As Euchaeta solida.
Male: 34, forehead (lateral).


Espèce Euchaeta tenuis - Planche 8 de figures morphologiquesissued from : C.O. Esterly in Univ. Calif. Publs Zool., 1911, 6 (14). [Pl.30, Fig.78]. As Euchaeta solida.
Male: 78, toothed process on the 2nd segment ot the exopod of the left P5.


Espèce Euchaeta tenuis - Planche 9 de figures morphologiquesissued from : C.O. Esterly in Univ. Calif. Publs Zool., 1906, 3 (5). [Pl.9, Fig.12].
Female (from San Diego, California): 12, forehead (lateral).


Espèce Euchaeta tenuis - Planche 10 de figures morphologiquesissued from : C.O. Esterly in Univ. Calif. Publs Zool., 1906, 3 (5). [Pl.10, Figs.29, 31].
Female: 29, last thoracic segment and genital segment (lateral), 31, genital segment (ventral).


Espèce Euchaeta tenuis - Planche 11 de figures morphologiquesissued from : G.D. Grice in Fish. Bull. Fish and Wildl. Ser., 1962, 61. [p.200, Pl.13, Figs.15-20].
Female (from equatorial Pacific): 15, habitus (lateral); 16, posterior part of thorax and urosome (lateral, left side); 17, same (right side); 18, P2.
Nota: Large and asymmetrical ventral protrusions genital segment.

Male: 19, P5; 20, terminal part of left P5.


Espèce Euchaeta tenuis - Planche 12 de figures morphologiquesissued from : O. Tanaka in I O B C Handbook, 1973, IV. [p.139, Fig.7, A-C].
Female (from Bay of Bengal): A, forehead (lateral); B, genital segment (dorsal); C, last thoracic segment and genital segment (lateral, left side).


Espèce Euchaeta tenuis - Planche 13 de figures morphologiquesissued from : O. Tanaka in I O B C Handbook, 1973, IV. [p.139, Fig.8, D-E].
Male: D, forehead (lateral); E, distal segment of left P5.


Espèce Euchaeta tenuis - Planche 14 de figures morphologiquesissued from : O. Tanaka in I O B C Handbook, 1973, IV. [p.138, Fig.9: 8].
Female: 8, 2nd outer marginal spine of exopod 3 of P2.

Nota: This spine is long, reaching to midway between the base of the spine and that of the distal spine.


Espèce Euchaeta tenuis - Planche 15 de figures morphologiquesEuchaeta tenuis Female:
1 - See Key to acuta species Group.
2 - Dorsally, genital somite nearly symmetrical.
3 - Laterally, rostrum slender (Fig.15-a). Genital flange not spiniform (Fig.15-b).
4 - Right genital flange much larger than left (Fig.15-c).

Ref. compl.:
Sewell, 1948 (p.329, 348, 530, 531, 534, 539, 540, 541, 542, 552, 556, 562); Fleminger, 1967 a (tabl.1); Timonin, 1971 (p.281, trophic group); Patel, 1975 (p.659); Tranter, 1977 (p.596); Sreekumaran Nair & al., 1981 (p.493), Guangshan & Honglin, 1984 (p.118, tab.); Longhurst, 1985 (tab.2); Madhupratap & Haridas, 1986 (p.105, tab.1); Sarkar & al., 1986 (p.178); Hattori, 1991 (tab.1, Appendix); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.70); Prusova & Smith, 2005 (p.77); Morales-Ramirez & Suarez-Morales, 2008 (p.520)
NZ: 8

Carte de distribution de Euchaeta tenuis par zones géographiques
Loc:
G. of Aden, Arabian Sea, Maldive Is., Indian, off E Sri Lanka, India (E, Saurashtra coast, Hooghly estuary), Bay of Bengal, W Australia, Indonesia-Malaysia, China Seas (East China Sea, South China Sea), off Japan, off Sanriku, California, off W Guatemala, W Costa Rica, Pacif. (W equatorial), Pacif. (equatorial), E Pacif. (tropical N-S), N Chile
N: 26
Lg.:
(3) F: 6,1-5,3; M: 5,1-4,68; (5) F: 6,8; (17) F: 6; (22) F: 6,8-6; M: 5,22; (29) F: 4,9; (98) F: 6,28-4,7; M: 5,63-5,35; (101) F: 5,98-5,13; M: 4,75-5,22; {F: 4,70-6,80; M: 4,68-5,63}

The mean female size is 5.817 mm (n = 11; SD = 0.7175), and the mean male size is 5.136 mm (n = 7; SD = 0.3222). The size ratio (male : female) is 0.918 (n = 3; SD = 0.0734) or ± 92 %.
Rem.: mesopelagic.
After Tanaka (1973, p.138) the species is very closely allied to Euchaeta spinosa Giesbrecht, but is easily distinguished from the latter by the shape of the rostrum and genital boss when viewed from the lateral. In the former the outer marginal spine on the 3rd segment of the exopod of the P2 does not reach the base of the 3rd spine on the same segment.
For Park (1995, p.22) this species belongs to ‘’acuta ’’ Group.
Timonin (1971, p.282) considers the trophic interrelations in the equatorial and tropical Indian Ocean, and divides the plankters into 6 trophic groups from the litterature and the results of studies of mouth-parts structure and intestine content. This species is a seizing and masticating carnivorous.
Park (1995, p.26) found this species along the west coast of America between 29°N and 24°S, in equatorial waters of the whole Pacific between 0° and 11°S, the western Pacific including the Malay Archipelago, The East and South China seas, and waters off Japan between 35°N and 14°S, and the Indian Ocean between 5°N and 21°S.
Dernière mise à jour : 26/08/2019

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Razouls C., de Bovée F., Kouwenberg J. et Desreumaux N., 2005-2020. - Diversité et répartition géographique chez les Copépodes planctoniques marins. Sorbonne Université, CNRS. Disponible sur http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr [Accédé le 28 septembre 2020]

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