Fiche d'espèce de Copépode
Calanoida ( Ordre )
    Clausocalanoidea ( Superfamille )
        Euchaetidae ( Famille )
            Paraeuchaeta ( Genre )
Paraeuchaeta hebes  (Giesbrecht, 1888)   (F,M)
Syn.: Euchäta hebes Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.246, 263, 742, 772, figs.F,M);
Euchaeta hebes : Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.39, Rem. F,M, fig.M); T. Scott, 1894 b (p.59, figs.M); Pesta, 1920 (p.512); Sars, 1925 (p.106, figs.F,M); Candeias, 1926 (p.32); Rose, 1929 (p.25); 1933 a (p.115, figs.F,M); Massuti Alzamora, 1942 (p.110); Lysholm & al., 1945 (p.22); Sewell, 1948 (p.348, 487, 500, 508, 522); Fleury, 1950 (p.47, fig.2); Vervoort, 1957 (p.77); Marques, 1953 (p.100); 1959 (p.210); Wickstead, 1962 (p.546, food & feeding); Vervoort, 1963 b (part. p.164, Rem.); V.N. Greze, 1963 a (tabl.2); Shmeleva, 1963 (p.141); Paiva, 1963 (p.42, figs.F); Bary, 1963 a (p.1519, Table 1); Crisafi, 1965 a (p.55, figs.F,M, juv.); Shmeleva, 1965 b (p.1350, lengths-volume -weight relation); Pavlova, 1966 (p.43); Neto & Paiva, 1966 (p.24, Table III); Mazza, 1966 (p.70); 1967 (p.161, 331); Vilela, 1968 (p.17); Evans, 1968 (p.13); Dowidar & El-Maghraby, 1970 (p.268); Gamulin, 1971 (p.382, tab.3); Bainbridge, 1972 (p.61, Appendix Table I: vertical distribution vs day/night, Table III: occurrence); Binet & al., 1972 (p.69); Brodsky, 1972 (p.256); Apostolopoulou, 1972 (p.327, 348); Roe, 1972 (p.277, tabl.1, tabl.2); Vives & al., 1975 (p.42, tab.II, III); Dessier, 1979 (p.205); Hure & al., 1980 (p.298); Vaissière & Séguin, 1980 (p.23, tab.1); Vives, 1982 (p.291); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.83); Brenning, 1984 (p.3, T-S diagram, Rem.); Scotto di Carlo & al., 1984 (1045); Brenning, 1985 a (p.24, Table 2); Regner, 1985 (p.11, Rem.: p.30); Sazhina, 1985 a (p.491, tab.3); Lozano Soldevilla & al., 1988 (p.58); Seguin & al., 1993 (p.23); Hays & al., 1994 (tab.1); Southward & al., 1995 (p.127, fig.2, 3, geographic distribution); Fernandez de Puelles & al., 1996 (p.97, occurrence: p.101); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.48, 101); Reid & Hunt, 1998 (p.310, figs.2, 3, Rem.); Mauchline, 1999 (n°182, p.8, figs.F,M); Nicholas & Nash, 1999 (p.367); Corten, 1999 (p.191, Table 1, fig.3); Sautour & al., 2000 (p.531, Table II, abundance); d'Elbée, 2001 (tabl.1); Beaugrand & al., 2002 (p.1692); Beaugrand & al., 2002 (p.179, figs.5, 6); Vukanic, 2003 (139, tab.1); CPR, 2004 (p.54, fig.154); Vukanic & Vukanic, 2004 (p.9, tab. 3); Fernandez & al., 2004 (p.501, tab.5); Queiroga & al., 2005 (p.195, table 1); Isari & al., 2006 (p.241, tab.II); Khelifi-Touhami & al., 2007 (p.327, Table 1); Cabal & al., 2008 (289, Table 1); Drira & al., 2010 (p.145, Tanl.2); Isari & al., 2011 (p.51, Table 2, abundance vs distribution); Alvarez-Fernandez & al., 2012 (p.21, Rem.: Table 1); Sobrinho-Gonçalves & al., 2013 (p.713, Table 2, fig.8, seasonal abundance vs environmental conditions); Zaafa & al., 2014 (p.67, Table I, occurrence);
Euchaete hebes : With, 1915 (p.188, figs.F);
Euchaeta trunculosa (juv.M) Pesta, 1908; 1911 (p.441);
Pareuchaeta hebes : Mauchline, 1998 (tab.30, 42, 58); Holmes, 2001 (p.52, Rem.); Miloslavic & al., 2012 (p.165, Table 2, transect distribution); Hure M. & al., 2018 (p.1, Table 1: abundance, % composition)
Ref.:
Bradford & al., 1983 (p.23); Park, 1994 (p.319); 1995 (p.7); Avancini & al., 2006 (p.86, Pl. 55, figs.F,M, Rem.); Vives & Shmeleva, 2007 (p.663, figs.F,M, Rem.)
Espèce Paraeuchaeta hebes - Planche 1 de figures morphologiquesissued from : J. Mauchline in ICES Ident. Leafl. Plankton, 1999, N°182. [p.3, Fig.2: 7a]. As Euchaeta hebes.
Female (Northeast Atlantic): 7a, genital double-somite (left side).


Espèce Paraeuchaeta hebes - Planche 2 de figures morphologiquesissued from : J. Mauchline in ICES Ident. Leafl. Plankton, 1999, N°182. [p.4, Fig.3: 7b].
Male (Northeast Atlantic): 7b, terminal two segments, exopodal segments of left P5.


Espèce Paraeuchaeta hebes - Planche 3 de figures morphologiquesissued from : C. With in The Danish Ingolf-Expedition, 1915, III (4). [Pl. VI, Fig.13, a]. As Euchaete hebes.
Female (from 47°47'N, 8.00°W): a, corner of last thoracic segment and genital segment (left lateral).


Espèce Paraeuchaeta hebes - Planche 4 de figures morphologiquesissued from : C. With in The Danish Ingolf-Expedition, 1915, III (4). [Pl. VI, Fig.13, b]. As Euchaete hebes.
Female: b, lamina labialis and serrula 6-dentata.


Espèce Paraeuchaeta hebes - Planche 5 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : G.O. Sars in Résult. Camp. Scient. Prince Albert I, 69, pls.1-127 (1924). [Pl. XXX, figs.7-9]. As Euchaeta hebes.
Female: 7, habitus with spematophore (lateral left side); 8, forehead (lateral); 9, genital segment (lateral left side).

Male: 10, P5; 11, distal end of left P5 (enlarged).


Espèce Paraeuchaeta hebes - Planche 6 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : G.O. Sars in Résult. Camp. Scient. Prince Albert I, 69, pls.1-127 (1924). [Pl. XXX, figs.10-11]. As Euchaeta hebes.
Male: 10, P5; 11, distal end of left P5 (enlarged).


Espèce Paraeuchaeta hebes - Planche 7 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.37, Figs.32, 33]. As Euchäta hebes.
Female: 32, urosome (lateral); 33, same (ventral).


Espèce Paraeuchaeta hebes - Planche 8 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.37, Fig.54]. As Euchäta hebes.
Female: 54, forehead (lateral).


Espèce Paraeuchaeta hebes - Planche 9 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.15, Fig.30]. As Euchäta hebes.
Female: 30, P1 (anterior view).


Espèce Paraeuchaeta hebes - Planche 10 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.16, Fig.31]. As Euchäta hebes.
Female: 31, exopodite 2 and 3 of P2 (posterior view).


Espèce Paraeuchaeta hebes - Planche 11 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.16, Fig.5]. As Euchäta hebes.
Female: 5, Mx1 (posterior view).
B2 = basis; Re = exopod; Li = inner lobe; Le: outer lobe


Espèce Paraeuchaeta hebes - Planche 12 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.16, Fig.44]. As Euchäta hebes.
Female: 44, Mxp (B1: posterior view; rest: anterior view).


Espèce Paraeuchaeta hebes - Planche 13 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.15, Fig.29]. As Euchäta hebes.
Male: 29, exopod of P1 (posterior view).


Espèce Paraeuchaeta hebes - Planche 14 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.16, Fig.38]. As Euchäta hebes.
Male: 38, outer exopodal margin of P2.


Espèce Paraeuchaeta hebes - Planche 15 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.16, Fig.20]. As Euchäta hebes.
Male: 20, exopodal segments 2 and 3 of left P5.


Espèce Paraeuchaeta hebes - Planche 16 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.16, Fig.3]. As Euchäta hebes.
Female: 3, Md (anterior view).


Espèce Paraeuchaeta hebes - Planche 17 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.16, Fig.4]. As Euchäta hebes.
Female: 4, Mx1 (anterior view).
Li = inner lobe; Le = outer lobe; B1 = praeccoxa + coxa; B2 = basis; Re = exopod; Ri = endopod.

Ref. compl.:
Siokou-Frangou, 1999 (p.476); Valdés & al., 2007 (p.104: tab.1); Eloire & al., 2010 (p.657, Table II, temporal variability); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.425); Salah S. & al., 2012 (p.155, Tableau 1); Uysal & Shmeleva, 2012 (p.909, Table I); Bode & al., 2012 (p.108, spatial distribution vs time-series, % biomass); Belmonte & al., 2013 (p.222, Table 2, abundance vs stations); Lidvanov & al., 2013 (p.290, Table 2, % composition); Mazzocchi & al., 2014 (p.64, Table 5, abundance); Benedetti & al., 2016 (p.159, Table I, fig.1, functional characters); Benedetti & al., 2018 (p.1, Fig.2: ecological functional group); Belmonte, 2018 (p.273, Table I: Italian zones); Hure M. & al., 2018 (p.1, Table 3: correlations)
NZ: 6 + 4 douteuses

Carte de distribution de Paraeuchaeta hebes par zones géographiques
Espèce Paraeuchaeta hebes - Carte de distribution 3issued from : A.A. Shmeleva in Bull. Inst. Oceanogr., Monaco, 1965, 65 (n°1351). [Table 6: 19 ]. As Euchaeta hebes (from South Adriatic).
Dimensions, volume and Weight wet. Means for 50-60 specimens. Volume and weight calculated by geometrical method. Assumed that the specific gravity of the Copepod body is equal to 1, then the volume will correspond to the weight.
Espèce Paraeuchaeta hebes - Carte de distribution 4issued from : U. Brenning in Wiss. Z. Wilhelm-Pieck-Univ. Rostock - 33. Jahrgang 1981. Mat.-nat. wiss. Reihe, 6. [p.2, Fig.1].
T-S Diagram for Euchaeta marina, E. acuta, E. hebes (= Paraeuchaeta hebes), E. paraconcinna from Cap Blanc (Mauritania).
SO: Southern Surface Water (S °/oo: 34,50; T°C: 29,0); ND: Northern Water of the Surface Layer (S °/oo: 37,5; T°C: 21,0); SD: Southern Deep Water of the surface layer (S °/oo: 35,33; T°C: 13,4). See commentary in Temora stylifera and Brenning (1985 a, p.6).
Loc:
Namibia, Angola, Baia Farta, Congo, G. of Guinea, off Lagos, Ivorian shelf, Dakar, Cape Verde Is., off Morocco-Mauritania, Cap Ghir, Canary Is., off Madeira, Portugal, NW Spain, Bay of Biscay, off W Azores, NW Bermuda, S Iceland, Ireland (W & SW), Ireland Sea, English Channel, North Sea, NW Spain, Iberian Shelf, Ibero-moroccan Bay, G of Cadix, off W Tangier, Gibraltar, Medit. (M'Diq, Alboran Sea, Gulf of Annaba, Ligurian Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea, Strait of Messina, Gulf of Taranto, Malta, Adriatic Sea, G. of Gabès, Ionian Sea, Aegean Sea, Thracian Sea, Lebanon Basin, Alexandria), Indian (in Sars,1925; Sazhina,1985 a), [ Arafura Sea, Philippines, G. of Tonkin, Japan (Honshu), Panama (in Wilson, 1942 a, p.185; 1950, p.212) ]
N: 113
Lg.:
(1) F: 3,4; M: 2,7; (7) F: 3,54; M: 3,03; (47) F: 2,95-2,85; M: 2,75; (54) F: 3,09-2,78; (62) F: 3,18-3; M: 2,8-2,7; (73) F: 2,72; (75) F: 2,74-2,64; M: 2,95-2,88; (199) F: 3,04-2,74; M: 2,58; (327) F: 3,4-2,92; M: 3,08-2,6; (393) F: 3,338-2,951; M: 3,206-2,848; (449) F: 2,95-2,85; M: 2,75; (864) F: 3,54-3,63; (920) F: 2,98; (1111) F: 2,69-3,22; M: 2,58-3,04; {F: 2,64-3,63; M: 2,58-3,34}

The mean female size is 3.048 mm (n = 24; SD = 0.2947), and the mean male size is 2.833 mm (n = 15; SD = 0.1947). The size ratio (male : female) is 0.957 (n = 5; SD = 0.0775), or ± 95 %
Rem.: épipélagique.
Park (1994) considère cette forme comme méditerranéenne et atlantique.
Voir aussi les remarques en anglais
Dernière mise à jour : 14/01/2021

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