Diversity and Geographic Distribution of Pelagic Copepoda > Presentation

Abstract | Introduction | Presentation | Diversity | Main marine currents | The different oceanic zones : Summary of the species - Marine currents and other maps | Cosmopolitanism and endemism | Species indicative of continental drift | Species whose localization is difficult to explain | Anthropic mechanisms | Conclusion


Presentation :

Map 1 : Map of the 26 geographical zones

 Map 1 shows the spatial resolution and defines the localisation of each form in this arbitrarily chosen framework. The definition of the various geographical zones in the distribution matrix is perhaps debatable as no correlation with the various types of water body is assumed a priori, but it synthesises current knowledge on the localisation of the species. The means of geographical distribution for the various species, and further information for some of them, may be correlated after cross check of a group of species with no apparent phyletic link.

The matrix showing species by geographical zone has a list of the recorded forms on the y-axis and the following 26 columns on the x-axis:

3 :
4 :
5 :
 South Africa (E & W), Namibia
6 :
 Gulf of Guinea (sensu lato): Angola-Liberia
7 :
 Venezuela, Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean, Florida, Sargasso Sea
8 :
 Cape Verde Is., Canary Is., Madeira Is., Azores, Bay of Biscay, Ibero-Moroccan Bay
9 :
 Ireland, English Channel, Faroe, Norway, North Sea, Baltic Sea
10 :
 Southern Iceland, southern Greenland (E & W), Strait of Davis, Labrador Sea
11 :
 Cape Cod, Nova Scotia, Island of Newfoundland
12 :
 Central South-Atlantic (Tristan da Cunha-Trinidad-St Helena-N Ascension)
13 :
14 :
 Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea
15 :
 Red Sea
16 :
 Indian Ocean
17 :
 Gulf of Thailand, Malaysia-Indonesia-Philippines
18 :
 Australia (E), Great Barrier Reef, Tasman Sea, New Zealand, New Caledonia
19 :
 Central Tropical Pacific
20 :
 Eastern Tropical Pacific (Central America, Galapagos, Northern Peru)
21 :
 China Seas, Vietnam
22 :
 Japan Sea, Japan
23 :
 North West Pacific (Sea of Okhotsk-Kuril Islands-Kamtchatka-Sea of Bering)
24 :
 North East Pacific (Gulf of Alaska, "P" station, British Columbia)
25 :
 California-Gulf of California
26 :
 Chile (sensu lato)
27 :
 Arctic Ocean

These subsets reveal dispersal mechanisms corresponding to models linked :

1 - surface or deep currents as initially shown by Sewell (1948);
2 - latitude zones related to the surface and sub-surface temperatures of the different water masses (Van der Spoel & Heyman, 1983);
3 - anthropogenic transport (Carlton & Geller, 1993);
4 - the process of continental drift (a problem addressed by Sewell, 1956);
5 - species whose locality records are surprising, perhaps due to debatable identifications (generally impossible to confirm) or to not yet established synonymies;
6 - quantitative changes in the specific composition in a geographical area (Kouwenberg & Razouls, 1990).

 Any use of this site for a publication will be mentioned with the following reference :

Razouls C., de Bovée F., Kouwenberg J. et Desreumaux N., 2005-2017. - Diversity and Geographic Distribution of Marine Planktonic Copepods. Available at http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr/en 
[Accessed September 24, 2017]

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