Calanoida Sars, 1902 ( Neocopepoda, Gymnoplea )     ( Classification et Phylogénie )
Syn.: Gymnoplea Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.41); Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.6, 7); Sars, 1901 a (1903) (p.2); Esterly, 1905 (p.113); van Breemen, 1908 a (p.5); Rose, 1933 a (p.17); Mori, 1937 (1964) (p.8); Kabata, 1979 (p.47, 49); Dudley, 1986 (p.10); Staborogatov, 1986 (p.1778); Huys & Boxshall, 1991 (p.316, 403, 419)
Ref.: Sars, 1902 (p.4); Gurney, 1931 a (p.82); Wilson, 1932 a (p.18, 540, clé G.); Rose, 1933 a (p.17); Brodsky, 1950 (1967) (p.79); Andronov, 1974 a (p.1002 & suiv.); Kabata, 1979 (p.48, 49); Bowman & Abele, 1982 (p.9); Marcotte, 1982 (p.188); 1986 (p.187); Brodsky & al., 1983 (p.85,139); Dudley, 1986 (p.7); Park,1986 (p.191); Boxshall, 1986 (p.204); Björnberg, 1986 (p.53, 232, Rem.N); Mauchline, 1988 (p.698); J.-S. Ho, 1990 (p.528); Huys & Boxshall, 1991 (p.48, 403, 406, 418, 419, Rem.); Mauchline, 1998 (p.51); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.891, 901, Families Key); Boxshall & Halsey, 2004 (p.3; 37; 49; 12: families Key; p.38: Super-families Key); Vives & Shmeleva, 2007 (p.138, Families key.); Vives & Shmeleva, 2010 (p.27, 138 : Rem., families key); Bradford-Grieve & al., 2010 (p.291, phylogeny, families cladistic analysis)
For Bradford-Grieve & al., 2014 ( p.507, p.527: fig.12 phylogram of families).
Rem.: Andronov (1974 a) établit 9 Super-familles incluant les Platycopioidea. Park (1986) estime que les Spinocalanidae et les Epacteriscidae doivent être élevés au rang de superfamille. Les Platycopiidae étant isolés dans un Ordre différent, on recense 9 superfamilles dont certaines ont changées de dénomination en raison de la règle de priorité (Andronov, 1991, p.133): Arietelloidea [= Augaptiloidea (part.)], Bathypontioidea , Calanoidea [= Megacalanoidea], Clausocalanoidea [= Pseudocalanoidea (part.)], Diaptomoidea [= Centropagoidea], Eucalanoidea , Pseudocyclopoidea (Epacteriscoidea inclus par Bradford-Grieve & al., 2014), Ryocalanoidea , Spinocalanoidea.
Fosshagen & Iliffe, 2004 a (p.353) et Boxshall & Hasley (2004) ne reconnaissent pas la superfamille des Fosshagenioidea. Ces superfamilles sont définies in Boxshall & Hasley (2004, p.38).
Ferrari & Ueda (2005, p.333) suivant le Code international de nomenclature zoologique (ICZN, 1985) rétablissent l'antériorité des Centropagoidea , de même que (p.351) la structure de l'urosome du copépodite 5 chez la femelle de Fosshagenia ferrarii exclut cette forme des Centropagoidea et devrait rétablir la superfamille des Fosshagenoidea .

43 familles pélagiques ou saumâtre (les Calocalanidae et les Mecynoceridae sont intrégrés aux Paracalanidae) sont définies par Boxshall & Hasley (2004), soit par ordre alphabétique:
1 - Acartiidae, 2 - Aetideidae, 3 - Arctokonstantinidae, 4 - Arietellidae, 5 - Augaptilidae, 6 - Bathypontiidae, 7 - Boholinidae, 8 - Calanidae, 9 - Candaciidae, 10 - Centropagidae, 11 - Clausocalanidae, 12 - Diaixidae, 13 - Discoidae, 14 - Epacteriscidae, 15 - Eucalanidae, 16 - Euchaetidae, 17 - Fosshageniidae, 18 - Heterorhabdidae, 19 - Hyperbionychidae, 20 - Kyphocalanidae, 21 - Lucicutiidae, 22 - Megacalanidae, 23 - Mesaiokeratidae, 24 - Metridinidae, 25 - Nullosetigeridae, 26 - Paracalanidae, 27 - Parapontellidae, 28 - Phaennidae, 29 - Pontellidae, 30 - Pseudocyclopidae, 31 - Pseudocyclopiidae, 32 – Peudodiaptomidae, 33 – Rhincalanidae, 34 - Ridgewayiidae, 35 - Rostrocalanidae, 36 - Ryocalanidae, 37 - Scolecitrichidae, 38 - Spinocalanidae, 39 - Stephidae, 40 - Sulcanidae, 41 - Temoridae, 42 - Tharybidae, 43 - Tortanidae.
Les Diaptomidae dont les genres sont dulçaquicoles ne sont pas pris en compte ci-dessus.
Les Pseudodiaptomidae essentiellement dulçaquicoles et saumâtres, parfois côtiers, ne sont pas comptabilisés d'une manière exhaustive et indiqués dans la matrice de la répartition géographique.
Les Calanoida incertae sedis sont réunis dans une "groupe" arbitraire (inc. sed-calanoida).
Boxshall & Hasley (2004, p.188) considèrent la famille des Parkiidae comme synonyme des Scolecitrichidae faute d'une véritable analyse phylogénétique. Vyshkvartzeva (2004, p.176 & suiv.) conteste la position des auteurs précédents concernant le genre Parkius et rétablit le statut de la famille des Parkiidae.

Ohtsuka & Huys (2001, p.461) dressent l'arbre phylogénétique des Superfamilles.
Ordre Calanoida - Planche 1issued from : Pacific Biomedical Research Centre, University of Hawaii at Manoa http://www.pbrc.hawaii.edu/lucifer/gifs/copepod-taxo-evol.gif
Arbre phylogénétique des sous-ordres de Calanoida (avec leurs familles) d'après Park, 1986; Bowman & Abele 1982, revu par Andronov 1991.

Ordre Calanoida - Planche 2issued from : S. Ohtsuka & R. Huys in Hydrobiologia, 2001, 453/454. [Fig. 15, p.461]

Arbre phylogenetique des superfamilles des Calanoida, d'après Andronov (1974) et Park (1986).
Chaque superfamille est définie par les caractères sexuels (apomorphies). Les flèches indiquent les synapomorphies

Ordre Calanoida - Planche 3issued from : L. Blanco-Bercial, J. Bradford-Grieve & A. Bucklin in Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 2011. [p.103, Fig.2]. Simplified.
Phylogram of families of the copepod Order Calanoida and outgroups. RAxML Maximum Likelihood tree, with nodes indicating percentage bootstrap recovery under three analyses: exclusion of all third codon positions in the protein-codifying genes (3rd pos.); and translation of protein-codifying genes to amino acid sequences (amono acid). The tree topology and the branch lengths shown correspond to the original sequence analysis. See full text and fig.2: doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2011.01.008
The phylogeny agrees with previously-published morphological phylogenies (Andronov, 1974; Park, 1986), including e.g., enlargement of the Bathypontioidea to include the Fosshageniidae.

Ordre Calanoida - Planche 4issued from : D.F. Figueroa in J. Crustacean Biol., 2011, 31 (1). [p.161, Fig.6].
Calanoida phylogenetic tree based on the 18S ribosomal RNA gene. Branch values correspond to bootstrap support for maximum parsimony, maximum likehood, neighbor joining, and Bayesian posterior probabilities ( -, indicates taht the branch failed the 50% bootstrap support.

Nota: After the author, this particular genetic analysis suggests: 1- Centropagoidea is the sister branch to all other Calanoida; 2- Ridgewayiidae and Pseudocyclopidae likely share a common ancestor with Augaptiloidea; 3- Ridgewaiidae and Pseudocyclopidae should be included in the same superfamily, Pseudocyclopoidea; 4- Spinocalanoidea likely needs to be included in Clausocalanoidea to recover the monophyly of the latter superfamily.

Ordre Calanoida - Planche 5Issued from : J.M. Bradford-Grieve, G.A. Boxshall & L. Blanco-Bercial in Zool. J. Linnean Soc., 2014, 171. [p.527, Fig.12].
Ohylogram of taxa of the copepod order Calanoida and out-groups.
The topology and branch length correspond with the RAxML maximum-likelihood tree. Numbers at nodes indicate percentage of bootstrap recovery (when > 50%)/Bayesian posterior probability (when > 0.95, except for the Augaptiloidea/Centropagoidea node). For the super-family groupings, see Appendix S1 on line at the publisher's web-site.

Ordre Calanoida - Planche 6Issued from : J.M. Bradford-Grieve, G.A. Boxshall, S.T. Ahyong & S. Ohtsuka in Invert. Syst., 2010, 24. [p.310, Fig.14].
Strict consensus of 66 trees, length 428, consistency index (CI) = 0.28, retention index (RI) = 0.72. The outgroup is a hypothetical calanoid ancestor.
Calanoid copepod taxa used as exemplars in the cladistic analysis of calanoid families indicated in Table 1 (p.294).

Ordre Calanoida - Planche 7Issued from : J.M. Bradford-Grieve, G.A. Boxshall, S.T. Ahyong & S. Ohtsuka in Invert. Syst., 2010, 24. [p.311, Fig.15].
Strict consensus of three trees after one round of successive weighting. Clade numbers above the line, jackknife supprt below. Outgroup is a hypothetical calanoid ancestor.
Calanoid copepod taxa used as exemplars in the cladistic analysis of calanoid families indicated in Table 1 (p.294).

Ordre Calanoida - Planche 8Issued from : J.M. Bradford-Grieve, G.A. Boxshall, S.T. Ahyong & S. Ohtsuka in Invert. Syst., 2010, 24. [p.294, Table 1].
Calanoid copepod taxa used as exemplars in the cladistic analysis of calanoid families.

Ordre Calanoida - Planche 9Issued from : J.M. Bradford-Grieve, G.A. Boxshall, S.T. Ahyong & S. Ohtsuka in Invert. Syst., 2010, 24. [p.316, Fig.17].
Diagramatic representation of new hypothesis of evolutionary trends in female genitalia (oviducts and shell ducts omitted).
(A) hypothetical ancestor, Ridgewayiidae (Brattstromia) and Epacteriscidae;
(B) Pseudocyclopidae and Boholinidae;
(C) Ridgewayiidae, Centropagoidea (except Acartia), Augaptilidae, Lucicutiidae, Heterorhabdidae,and Bathypontioidea?;
(D) Augaptiloidea (Arietellidae, Hyperbionychidae, Nullosetigeridae, Metridinidae;
(E) Acartiidae (Acartia) - not in analysis- no operculum, only integumental fold with genital slit opening to outside:
(F) Megacalanidae, Calanidae, Paracalanidae, Eucalanidae, Clausocalanoidea, (not Euchaetidae?).
Large arrows indicate directions of transformations, small arrows indicate postulated places on tree (Fig. 16) where each type of configuration probably occurred (information from Cioc & al., 1997; Barthélémy & al., 1998; Barthélémy, 1999a, 1999b, and original data).
cp = copiulatory pore; ga = genital atrium; go = genital operculum; gp = gonopore; gs = genital slit; ml = opercular muscles; m2 = gonoporal plate muscles; m3 = genital atrial muscles; sp = seminal pore; sr = seminal receptacle.
Arietelloidea
Syn.: Augaptiloidea Blanco-Bercial & al., 2011 (p.1, 5, Table 1, Fig.2, Biol. mol, phylogeny)
Ref.: Vives & Shmeleva, 2010 (p.138, Rem..)
Rem.: 5 familles : Arietellidae, Augaptilidae, Discoidae, Heterorhabdidae, Nullosetigeridae.
Selon Blanco-Bercial & al. (2011, Table 1): 8 families: Arietellidae, Augaptilidae, Discoidae, Heterorhabdidae, Hyperbionychidae, Lucicutiidae, Metridinidae, Nullosetigeridae.
Bathypontioidea
Ref.: Vives & Shmeleva, 2010 (p.138, Rem.); Blanco-Bercial & al., 2011 (p.1, 5, Table 1, Fig.2, Biol. mol, phylogeny)
Rem.: 1 famille : Bathypontiidae.
Calanoidea
Syn.: Megacalanoidea Blanco-Bercial & al., 2011 (p.1, 5, Table 1, Fig.2, Biol. mol, phylogeny)
Ref.: Vives & Shmeleva, 2010 (p.139, Rem.)
Rem.: 4 familles : Calanidae, Mecynoceridae, Megacalanidae, Paracalanidae.
Clausocalanoidea
Ref.: Vives & Shmeleva, 2010 (p.139, Rem.); Blanco-Bercial & al., 2011 (p.1, 5, Table 1, Fig.2, Biol. mol, phylogeny)
Rem.: 13 familles : Aetideidae, Clausocalanidae, Diaixidae, Euchaetidae, Kyphocalanidae, Mesaiokeratidae, Parkiidae, Phaennidae, Pseudocyclopiidae, Rostrocalanidae, Scolecitrichidae, Stephidae, Tharybidae.
Diaptomoidea
Syn.: Centropagoidea : Blanco-Bercial & al., 2011 (p.1, 3, Fig.2, Table 1, Biol. mol, phylogeny, Rem.: p.7)
Ref.: Vives & Shmeleva, 2010 (p.138, Rem.)
Rem.: 10 familles marines : Acartiidae, Candaciidae, Centropagidae, Fosshageniidae, Parapontellidae, Pontellidae, Pseudodiaptomidae, Sulcanidae, Temoridae, Tortanidae.
Epacteriscoidea
Syn.: Ridgewayioidea : Vives & Shmeleva, 2010 (p.139, Rem.)
Ref.: Bradford-Grieve & al., 2014 (p.507, 526, Rem: p.529)
Rem.: 2 familles : Epacteriscidae, Ridgewayiidae.
Eucalanoidea
Ref.: Vives & Shmeleva, 2010 (p.139, Rem.); Blanco-Bercial & al., 2011 (p.1, 5, Table 1, Fig.2, Biol. mol, phylogeny)
Rem.: 2 familles : Eucalanidae, Rhincalanidae.
Pseudocyclopoidea
Syn.: Epacteriscoidea Fosshagen, 1973.
Ref.: Vives & Shmeleva, 2010 (p.139, Rem.); Bradford-Grieve & al., 2014 (p.507, 526, Rem: p.529, phylogeny)
Rem.: 1 famille : Pseudocyclopidae, [Syn.: Boholinidae et Ridgewayidae].
Ryocalanoidea
Ref.: Vives & Shmeleva, 2010 (p.139, Rem.)
Rem.: 1 famille : Ryocalanidae.
Spinocalanoidea
Ref.: Blanco-Bercial & al., 2011 (p.1, 5, Table 1, Fig.2, Biol. mol, phylogeny)
Rem.: 2 familles : Arctokonstantinidae, Spinocalanidae.
Acartiidae Sars, 1903 ( Diaptomoidea )
Aetideidae Giesbrecht, 1892 ( Clausocalanoidea )
Arctokonstantinidae Markhaseva & Kosobokova, 2001 ( Spinocalanoidea )
Arietellidae Sars, 1902 ( Arietelloidea )
Augaptilidae Sars, 1905 ( Arietelloidea )
Bathypontiidae Brodsky, 1950 ( Bathypontioidea )
Boholinidae Fosshagen & Iliffe, 1989 ( Pseudocyclopoidea )
Calanidae Dana, 1846 ( Calanoidea )
Candaciidae Giesbrecht, 1892 ( Diaptomoidea )
Centropagidae Giesbrecht, 1892 ( Diaptomoidea )
Clausocalanidae Giesbrecht, 1892 ( Clausocalanoidea )
Diaixidae Sars, 1902 ( Clausocalanoidea )
Discoidae Gordeeva, 1975 ( Arietelloidea )
Epacteriscidae Fosshagen,1973; emend.: Fosshagen, Boxshall & Iliffe, 2001 ( Epacteriscoidea )
Eucalanidae Giesbrecht, 1892 ( Eucalanoidea )
Euchaetidae Giesbrecht, 1892 ( Clausocalanoidea )
Fosshageniidae Suarez-Morales & Iliffe, 1996 ( Diaptomoidea )
Heterorhabdidae Sars, 1902 ( Arietelloidea )
Hyperbionychidae Ohtsuka, Roe & Boxshall, 1993 ( Arietelloidea )
Kyphocalanidae Markhaseva & Schulz, 2009 ( Clausocalanoidea )
Lucicutiidae Sars, 1902 ( Arietelloidea )
Mecynoceridae Andronov, 1973 ( Calanoidea )
Megacalanidae Sewell, 1947 ( Calanoidea )
Mesaiokeratidae Matthews, 1961 ( Clausocalanoidea )
Metridinidae Sars, 1902 ( Arietelloidea )
Nullosetigeridae Soh, Ohtsuka, Imabayashi & Suh, 1999 ( Arietelloidea )
Paracalanidae Giesbrecht, 1892 ( Calanoidea )
Parapontellidae Giesbrecht, 1894 ( Diaptomoidea )
Parkiidae Ferrari & Markhaseva, 1996 ( Clausocalanoidea )
Phaennidae Sars, 1902 ( Clausocalanoidea )
Pontellidae Dana, 1853 ( Diaptomoidea )
Pseudocyclopidae Giesbrecht, 1893 ( Pseudocyclopoidea )
Pseudocyclopiidae T. Scott,1894 ; emend. Jaume, Fosshagen & Iliffe, 1999 ( Clausocalanoidea )
Pseudodiaptomidae Sars, 1902 ( Diaptomoidea )
Rhincalanidae Geletin, 1976 ( Eucalanoidea )
Ridgewayiidae M.S. Wilson, 1958 ( Epacteriscoidea )
Rostrocalanidae Markhaseva, Schulz & Martinez Arbizu, 2008 ( Clausocalanoidea )
Ryocalanidae Andronov, 1974 ( Ryocalanoidea )
Scolecitrichidae Giesbrecht, 1892 ( Clausocalanoidea )
Spinocalanidae Vervoort, 1951 ( Spinocalanoidea )
Stephidae Sars, 1902 ( Clausocalanoidea )
Sulcanidae Nicholls, 1945 ( Diaptomoidea )
Temoridae Giesbrecht, 1893 ( Diaptomoidea )
Tharybidae Sars, 1902 ( Clausocalanoidea )
Tortanidae Sars, 1902 ( Diaptomoidea )
incertae sedis (Calanoida)

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Razouls C., de Bovée F., Kouwenberg J. et Desreumaux N., 2005-2017. - Diversité et répartition géographique chez les Copépodes planctoniques marins. Disponible sur http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr 
[Accédé le 24 mars 2017]

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