Species Card of Copepod
Calanoida ( Order )
    Calanoidea ( Superfamily )
        Paracalanidae ( Family )
            Calocalanus ( Genus )
Calocalanus pavo  (Dana, 1849)   (F,M)
Syn.: Ctenocalanus pavo : lapsus calami in Seridji & Hafferssas, 2000 (tab.1);
? Calocalanus parvus : Hopcroft & al., 1998 (tab.2, lapsus calami)
Calocalanus pavus : Tutasi & al., 2011 (p.791, Table 2, abundance distribution vs La Niña event);
Ref.:
Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.175, 185, 770, figs.F,M); T. Scott, 1894 b (p.37, figs.F); Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.26, Rem. F,M); Wheeler, 1901 (p.169, fig.F, Rem.); Thompson & Scott, 1903 (p.233, 243); A. Scott, 1909 (p.30, Rem.); Wolfenden, 1911 (p.203); Sewell, 1912 (p.353, 359); 1914 a (p.213); Pesta, 1920 (p.501); Früchtl, 1924 b (p.42); Farran, 1929 (p.208, 222); Sewell, 1929 (p.89); Wilson, 1932 a (p.39, fig.F); Rose, 1933 a (p.78, figs.F,M); Farran, 1936 a (p.83); Mori, 1937 (1964) (p.33, figs.F); Vervoort, 1946 (p.138, Rem.); Sewell, 1947 (p.54); Farran & Vervoort, 1951 d (n°36, p.3, figs.F,M); Marques, 1953 (p.96); Chiba, 1956 (p.30, figs.F juv.); Tanaka, 1956 c (p.377); Chiba & al., 1957 (p.306); 1957 a (p.11); Tanaka, 1960 (p.29); Bernard, 1960 (n°36 first revision, p.3, figs.F,M); Fish, 1962 (p.13); Grice, 1962 (p.187, fig.F); Brodsky, 1962 c (p.115, figs.F); Vervoort, 1963 b (p.113, Rem.); Paiva, 1963 (p.26); Kasturirangan, 1963 (p.20, figs.F,M); Tanaka, 1964 (p.6); Chen & Zhang, 1965 (p.43, figs.F); Saraswathy, 1966 (1967) (p.76); Owre & Foyo, 1967 (p.39, figs.F,M, Rem.); Park, 1968 (p.540); Vidal, 1968 (p.23, figs.F); Vilela, 1968 (p.12); Corral Estrada, 1970 (p.112, figs.F,M, Rem.); Razouls, 1972 (p.94, Annexe: p.22, fig.F); Corral, 1972 b (n°138, p.4, figs.F,M); Björnberg, 1972 (p.19, figs., Rem.N); Chen & Zhang, 1974 (p.107, figs.M); Marques, 1974 (p.13, fig.F); 1976 (p.989); Dawson & Knatz, 1980 (p.4, figs.F,M); Björnberg & al., 1981 (p.626, figs.F,M); Schnack, 1982 (p.145, fig.Md); Zheng & al., 1982 (p.24, figs.F). Sazhina, 1985 (p.42, figs.N); Zheng Zhong & al., 1989 (p.233, figs.F); Schnack, 1989 (p.137, tab.1, fig.6: Md); Bradford-Grieve, 1994 (p.59, figs.F,M, fig.99); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.749, Pl.71: F,M); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.877, 909, figs.F,M); Conway & al., 2003 (p.157, figs.F,M, Rem.); Boxshall & Halsey, 2004 (p.154, figs.F,M); Mulyadi, 2004 (p.180, figs.F, Rem.); Avancini & al., 2006 (p.70, Pl. 39, figs.F,M, Rem.); Vives & Shmeleva, 2007 (p.951, figs.F,M, Rem.); Phukham, 2008 (p.121, figs.F); Andronov, 2014 (p.73, fig. P5 M)
Species Calocalanus pavo - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : J.M. Bradford-Grieve in The Marine Fauna of New Zealand: Pelagic Calanoid Copepoda. National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA). New Zealand Oceanographic Institute Memoir, 102, 1994. [p.60, Fig.31].
Female: A, habitus (dorsal); B, lateral view of genital segment; C, P5.


Species Calocalanus pavo - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from: Q.-c Chen & S.-z. Zhang in Studia Marina Sinica, 1965, 7. [Pl.9, 16-17].
Female (from E China Sea): 16, habitus (dorsal); 17, right P5 (posterior).


Species Calocalanus pavo - Plate 3 of morphological figuresissued from : J. Corral Estrada in Tesis Doct., Univ. Madrid, A-129, Sec. Biologicas, 1970. [Lam.25].
Female (from Canarias Is.): 1, habitus (dorsal); 2, distal segments of A1; 3, P5.

Male: 4, habitus (dorsal); 5, posterior part cephalothorax and urosome (dorsal); 6, distal segments of A1; 7, P5.


Species Calocalanus pavo - Plate 4 of morphological figuresissued from : Q.-c. Chen & S.-z. Zhang in Studia Marina Sinica, 1974, 9. [Pl.4, Fig.47].
Male (from South China Sea): 47, habitus (dorsal).


Species Calocalanus pavo - Plate 5 of morphological figuresissued from : Q.-c. Chen & S.-z. Zhang in Studia Marina Sinica, 1974, 9. [Pl.5, Fig.48].
Male: 48, P5.


Species Calocalanus pavo - Plate 6 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Mori inThe pelagic Copepoda from the neighbouring waters of Japan, 1937 (1964). [Pl.13, Figs.1-3].
Female: 1, habitus (dorsal); 2, P1 (posterior); 3, P5.


Species Calocalanus pavo - Plate 7 of morphological figuresissued from : Z. Zheng, S. Li, S.J. Li & B. Chen in Marine planktonic copepods in Chinese waers. Shanghai Sc. Techn. Press, 1982 [p.24, Fig.11]
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, P5.
Scale in mm.


Species Calocalanus pavo - Plate 8 of morphological figuresissued from : C. Razouls in Th. Doc. Etat Fac. Sc. Paris VI, 1972, Annexe. [Fig.27, C].
Female (from Banyuls, G. of Lion): C, P5.


Species Calocalanus pavo - Plate 9 of morphological figuresissued from : G.D. Grice in Fish. Bull. Fish and Wildl. Ser., 1962, 61. [p.186, Pl.6, Fig.10].
Female (from equatorial Pacific): 10, P5.


Species Calocalanus pavo - Plate 10 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.9, Fig.3].
Female: 3, A1proximal segments; ventral view).


Species Calocalanus pavo - Plate 11 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.9, Fig.4].
Female: 4, A1 (distal segments; ventral view).


Species Calocalanus pavo - Plate 12 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.9, Fig.16].
Female: 16, Mx1 (anterior view).


Species Calocalanus pavo - Plate 13 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.9, Fig.19].
Female: 19, P5.


Species Calocalanus pavo - Plate 14 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.9, Fig.13].
Male: 13, P5 (anterior view).


Species Calocalanus pavo - Plate 15 of morphological figuresissued from : S.B. Schnack in Crustacean Issue, 1989, 6. [p.143, Fig.6, 1].
1, Calocalanus pavo (from off NW Africa, upwelling region): Cutting edge of Md.


Species Calocalanus pavo - Plate 16 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.36, Figs. 43, 44].
Female: 43, forehead (dorsal); 44, same (lateral).


Species Calocalanus pavo - Plate 17 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.36, Fig.45].
Female: 45, posterior part of thoracic segments and urosome (lateral).


Species Calocalanus pavo - Plate 18 of morphological figuresissued from : N. Phukham in Species diversity of calanoid copepods in Thai waters, Andaman Sea (Master of Science, Univ. Bangkok). 2008. [p.203, Fig.77].
Female (from W Malay Peninsula): a, habitus; b, forehead (lateral); c, urosome (dorsal); d, P5.

Body length after drawing: F = 0.800 mm (caudal rami excluded).


Species Calocalanus pavo - Plate 19 of morphological figuresissued from : Mulyadi in Published by Res. Center Biol., Indonesia Inst. Sci. Bogor, 2004. [p.180, Fig.102].
Female (from Eastern Indonesian Seas): a, habitus (dorsal); b, P5.

Immature female: c, habitus (dorsal); d, P5.


Species Calocalanus pavo - Plate 20 of morphological figuresIssued from : V.N. Andronov in Russian Acad. Sci. P.P. Shirshov Inst. Oceanol. Atlantic Branch, Kaliningrad, 2014. [p.44, Fig.12, 5]. Calocalanus pavo after Andronov, 2014.
Female P1.


Species Calocalanus pavo - Plate 21 of morphological figuresIssued from : V.N. Andronov in Russian Acad. Sci. P.P. Shirshov Inst. Oceanol. Atlantic Branch, Kaliningrad, 2014. [p.73, Fig.19: 13 ]. Calocalanus pavo after Andronov, 2014.
Male P5.

Compl. Ref.:
Cleve, 1904 a (p.186); Pearson, 1906 (p.9); Rose, 1924 (p.10); 1925 (p.151); Wilson, 1942 a (p.173); Massuti Alzamora, 1942 (p.87); Oliveira, 1945 (p.191); Sewell, 1948 (p.357, 391, 395, 407, 414, 433, 439, 442, 450, 453, 456, 460, 463, 469, 477, 478, 481, 489, 493); C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.179); Krishnaswamy, 1953 (p.116); Yamazi, 1958 (p.148, Rem.); Deevey, 1960 (p.5, Table II, annual abundance); Heinrich, 1960 (p.33); Fagetti, 1962 (p.12); Cervigon, 1962 (p.181, tables: abundance distribution); Ganapati & Shanthakumari, 1962 (p.7, 15); Grice & Hart, 1962 (p.287, table 3, table 4: abundance); Gaudy, 1962 (p.93, Rem.: p.104); Duran, 1963 (p.13); V.N. Greze, 1963 a (tabl.2); Shmeleva, 1963 (p.141); Gaudy, 1963 (p.21, Rem.); Björnberg, 1963 (p.29, Rem.); Unterüberbacher, 1964 (p.18); De Decker, 1964 (p.15, 18, 28); De Decker & Mombeck, 1964 (p.11); Pavlova, 1964 (p.1710); Roehr & Moore, 1965 (p.565, vertical distribution); Shmeleva, 1965 b (p.1350, lengths-volume -weight relation); Grice & Hulsemann, 1965 (p.223); Neto & Paiva, 1966 (p.21, Table III); Mazza, 1966 (p.69); 1967 (p.355: Rem.); Pavlova, 1966 (p.43); Ehrhardt, 1967 (p.737, 887, figs.51-53, geographic distribution), Rem.); Grice & Hulsemann, 1967 (p.14); Fleminger, 1967 a (tabl.1); Lubny-Gertzyk, 1968 (p.276); De Decker, 1968 (p.45); Delalo, 1968 (p.137); Evans, 1968 (p.11); Berdugo & Kimor, 1968 (p.447); Dowidar & El-Maghraby, 1970 (p.267); Itoh, 1970 a (tab.1); Park, 1970 (p.475); Salah, 1971 (p.319); Deevey, 1971 (p.224); Timonin, 1971 (p.281, trophic group); Carli, 1971 (p.372, tab.1); Binet & al., 1972 (p.73); Della Croce & al., 1972 (p.1, Rem.); Apostolopoulou, 1972 (p.327, 338, fig.1); Roe, 1972 (p.277, tabl.1, tabl.2); Bainbridge, 1972 (p.61, Appendix Table I: vertical distribution vs day/night, Table II: %, Table IV: seasonal abundance)); Guglielmo, 1973 (p.399); Heinrich, 1973 (p.95); Björnberg, 1973 (p.307, 384); Corral Estrada & Pereiro Muñoz, 1974 (tab.I); Patel, 1975 (p.659); Vives & al., 1975 (p.40, IV); Timonin, 1976 (p.79, vertical distribution); Madhu Pratap & al., 1977 (p.138, Table 3: abundance vs. stations); Deevey & Brooks, 1977 (p.256, tab.2, Station "S"); Tranter, 1977 (p.598); Carter, 1977 (1978) (p.35); Timonin & Voronina, 1977 (p.287, fig.5); Dessier, 1979 (p.201, 204); Porumb, 1980 (p.168); Vaissière & Séguin, 1980 (p.23, tab.2); Kovalev & Schmeleva, 1982 (p.83); Vives, 1982 (p.290); Brenning, 1982 (p.4, spatial distribution, T-S diagram, Rem.); Dessier, 1983 (p.89, Tableau 1, Rem., %); Turner & Dagg, 1983 (p.16); Tremblay & Anderson, 1984 (p.4); Guangshan & Honglin, 1984 (p.118, tab.); Tremblay & Anderson, 1984 (p.4, Rem.); De Decker, 1984 (p.315, 333: carte); Scotto di Carlo & al., 1984 (1043); Roe, 1984 (p.356); Cummings, 1984 (p.163, Table 2); Regner, 1985 (p.11, Rem.: p.24); Jansa, 1985 (p.108, Tabl.I, , II, III, IV, V); Brenning, 1985 a (p.23, Table 2); Almeida Prado Por, 1985 (p.250); Longhurst, 1985 (tab.2); Brinton & al., 1986 (p.228, Table 1); M. Lefèvre, 1986 (p.33); Madhupratap & Haridas, 1986 (p.105, tab.1); Renon, 1987 (tab.2); Jimenez-Perez & Lara-Lara, 1988; Lozano Soldevilla & al., 1988 (p.57); Dessier, 1988 (tabl.1); Suarez & al., 1990 (tab.2); Madhupratap & Haridas, 1990 (p.305, fig.6: vertical distribution night/day; fig.7: cluster); Othman & al., 1990 (p.561, 563, Table 1); Hirakawa & al., 1990 (tab.3); Yoo, 1991 (tab.1); Hattori, 1991 (tab.1, Appendix); Suarez & Gasca, 1991 (tab.2); McKinnon, 1991 (p.471); Suarez, 1992 (App.1); Seguin & al., 1993 (p.26, Rem.); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.71); Hajderi, 1995 (p.542); Madhupratap & al., 1996 (p.866); Padmavati & Goswami, 1996 a (p.85, fig.3, Table 4, vertical distribution); Kotani & al., 1996 (tab.2); Webber & al., 1996 (tab.1); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1997 (p.1525); Siokou-Frangou, 1997 (tab.1); Park & Choi, 1997 (Appendix); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.100); Padmavati & al., 1998 (p.349); Gilabert & Moreno, 1998 (tab.1, 2); Alvarez-Cadena & al., 1998 (tab.1,2,3,4); Wong & al, 1998 (tab.2); Noda & al., 1998 (p.55, Table 3, occurrence); Mauchline, 1998 (tab.58); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p108); Dolganova & al., 1999 (p.13, tab.1); Lavaniegos & Gonzalez-Navarro, 1999 (p.239, Appx.1); Neumann-Leitao & al., 1999 (p.153, tab.2); Razouls & al., 2000 (p.343, Appendix); Ueda & al., 2000 (tab.1); Sautour & al., 2000 (p.531, Table II, abundance); Fernandez-Alamo & al., 2000 (p.1139, Appendix); Lopez-Salgado & al., 2000 (tab.1); El-Sherif & Aboul Ezz, 2000 (p.61, Table 3: occurrence); Moraitou-Apostolopoulou & al., 2000 (tab.I, fig.7); Madhupratap & al., 2001 (p. 1345, vertical distribution vs. O2, figs.4, 5: clusters, Rem.: 1353); d'Elbée, 2001(tabl. 1); Holmes, 2001 (p.38); Lo & al., 2001 (1139, tab.I); Zerouali & Melhaoui, 2002 (p.91, Tableau I); Sameoto & al., 2002 (p.12); Dunbar & Webber, 2003 (tab.1); Vukanic, 2003 (139, tab.1); Hwang & al., 2003 (p.193, tab.2); Shimode & Shirayama, 2004 (tab.2); Hsiao & al., 2004 (p.326, tab.1); Rezai & al., 2004 (p.490, tab.2); Lo & al. *, 2004 (p.218, tab.1, fig.6); Lo & al., 2004 (p.468, tab.2); Chang & Fang, 2004 (p.456, tab.1); Vukanic & Vukanic, 2004 (p.9, tab. 2); Daly Yahia & al., 2004 (p.366, fig.4); Lan & al., 2004 (p.332, tab.1, tab.2); Satapoomin & al., 2004 (p.107, tab.4); Lo & al., 2004 (p.89, tab.1); Kazmi, 2004 (p.230); Smith & Madhupratap, 2005 (p.214, tab.6); Prusova & Smith, 2005 (p.75); Isari & al., 2006 (p.241, tab.II); Lopez-Ibarra & Palomares-Garcia, 2006 (p.63, Tabl. 1, seasonal abundance vs El-Niño, Rem.: p.70); Araujo, 2006 (p.173, Tab.3): Lavaniegos & Jiménez-Pérez, 2006 (p.136, tab.2, 4, Rem.); Hwang & al., 2006 (p.943, tabl. I); Hooff & Peterson 2006 (p.2610); Hwang & al., 2007 (p.23); Dur & al., 2007 (p.197, Table IV); Fernandez de Puelles & al., 2007 (p.3340: fig.7); Valdés & al., 2007 (p.103: tab.1); Khelifi-Touhami & al., 2007 (p.327, Table 1); Jitlang & al., 2008 (p.65, Table 1); McKinnon & al., 2008 (p.844: Tab.I, p.848: Tab.IV); Neumann-Leitao & al., 2008 (p.799: Tab.II, fig.6); Rakhesh & al., 2008 (p.154, Table 5: abundance vs stations); Morales-Ramirez & Suarez-Morales, 2008 (p.518); Muelbert & al., 2008 (p.1662, Table 1); Ayon & al., 2008 (p.238, Table 4: Peruvian samples); Fernandes, 2008 (p.465, Tabl.2); Lan Y.C. & al., 2008 (p.61, Table 1, % vs stations, Table 2: indicator species); Tseng L.-C. & al., 2008 (p.153, Table 2, fig.5, occurrence vs geographic distribution, indicator species); Tseng & al., 2008 (p.402, Table 2); Pagano, 2009 (p.116); C.-Y. Lee & al., 2009 (p.151, Tab.2); Miyashita & al., 2009 (p.815, Tabl.II); Tseng & al., 2009 (p.327, fig.5, feeding); Lan Y.-C. & al., 2009 (p.1, Table 2, % vs hydrogaphic conditions); Brugnano & al., 2010 (p.312, Table 2, 3); Hernandez-Trujillo & al., 2010 (p.913, Table 2); Cornils & al., 2010 (p.2076, Table 3); Schnack-Schiel & al., 2010 (p.2064, Table 2: E Atlantic subtropical/tropical); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.426); Fazeli & al., 2010 (p.153, Table 1); Medellin-Mora & Navas S., 2010 (p.265, Tab. 2); W.-B. Chang & al., 2010 (p.735, Table 2, 4, fig.5, abundance); Hsiao S.H. & al., 2011 (p.475, Appendix I); Maiphae & Sa-ardrit, 2011 (p.641, Table 2, 3, Rem.); Andersen N.G. & al., 2011 (p.71, Fig.3: abundance); Isari & al., 2011 (p.51, Table 2, abundance vs distribution); Pillai H.U.K. & al., 2011 (p.239, Table 3, vertical distribution); Selifonova, 2011 a (p.77, Table 1, alien species in Black Sea); Kâ & Hwang, 2011 (p.155, Table 3: occurrence %); Tseng L.-C. & al., 2011 (p.47, Table 2, occurrences vs mesh sizes); Hsiao & al., 2011 (p.317, Table 2, indicator of seasonal change); Shiganova & al., 2012 (p.61, Table 4); Uysal & Shmeleva, 2012 (p.909, Table I); Salah S. & al., 2012 (p.155, Tableau 1); Zizah & al., 2012 (p.79, Tabeau I, Rem.: p.86); Jang M.-C & al., 2012 (p.37, abundance and seasonal distribution); Mulyadi & Rumengan, 2012 (p.202, Rem.: p.204); Tseng & al., 2012 (p.621, Table 3: abundance); Lavaniegos & al., 2012 (p. 11, Appendix); Dorgham & al., 2012 (p.473, Table 3: abundance %); Takahashi M. & al., 2012 (p.393, Table 2, water type index); Gubanova & al., 2013 (in press, p.4, Table 2); Belmonte & al., 2013 (p.222, Table 2, abundance vs stations); Cornils & Blanco-Bercial, 2013 (p.861, Table 1, molecular analysis, figs.3, 4, 5); in CalCOFI regional list (MDO, Nov. 2013; M. Ohman, pers. comm.); Tseng & al., 2013 (p.507, seasonal abundance); Rakhesh & al., 2013 (p.7, Table 1, abundance vs stations); Lidvanov & al., 2013 (p.290, Table 2, % composition); Terbiyik Kurt & Polat, 2013 (p.1163, Table 2, seasonal distribution); Hwang & al., 2014 (p.43, Appendix A: seasonal abundance); Bonecker & a., 2014 (p.445, Table II: frequency, horizontal & vertical distributions); Zaafa & al., 2014 (p.67, Table I, occurrence); Zakaria, 2014 (p.3, Table 1, abundance vs 1960-2000); Mazzocchi & al., 2014 (p.64, Table 3, 4, 5, spatial & seasonal composition %); Dias & al., 2015 (p.483, Table 2, abundance, biomass, production); Zakaria & al., 2016 (p.1, Table 1, 3, 4); Benedetti & al., 2016 (p.159, Table I, fig.1, functional characters); Ben Ltaief & al., 2017 (p.1, Table III, Summer relative abundance); Marques-Rojas & Zoppi de Roa, 2017 (p.495, Table 1); Jerez-Guerrero & al., 2017 (p.1046, Table 1: temporal occurrence) ; Benedetti & al., 2018 (p.1, Fig.2: ecological functional group); Belmonte, 2018 (p.273, Table I: Italian zones); Abo-Taleb & Gharib, 2018 (p.139, Table 5, p.145: occurrence %); Chaouadi & Hafferssas, 2018 (p.913, Table II: occurrence); Acha & al., 2020 (p.1, Table 3: occurrence % vs ecoregions).
NZ: 22

Distribution map of Calocalanus pavo by geographical zones
Species Calocalanus pavo - Distribution map 4issued from : T.S.K. Björnberg in Bol. Inst. Oceanogr., Sao Paulo, 1963, XIII (1). [p.29, Fig.15].
Probability of occurrence of Calocalanus pavo in different environments.
T: Tropical waters (above 36.00 p.1000 salinity and above 20°C temperature); SST: Surface subtropical waters (salinity around 36 p.1000 and temperature 18°C or less); DST: Deeper shelf waters (salinity between 34 and 36, temperature under 20°C p.1000); SS: Surface shelf waters (same salinity and temperature above 20°C);
C: coastal waters with low salinity and variable temperature.

In each column no shading means no probability of finding the species in the samples from this environment; horizontal shading indicates the probability of finding the sepecies in percentages less than one in samples from this environment; cross shading indicates the probability of finding it in percentages higher than one and black shading represents the probability of finding it in the largest percentages of the total number of copepods.

Nota: This species prefers waters of high salinities (above 36.00 p.1000) and high temperatures (above 25°C) off Brazil. It did not occur in deep waters.
Species Calocalanus pavo - Distribution map 5issued from : A.A. Shmeleva in Bull. Inst. Oceanogr., Monaco, 1965, 65 (n°1351). [Table 6: 11 ]. Calocalanus pavo (from South Adriatic).
Dimensions, volume and Weight wet. Means for 50-60 specimens. Volume and weight calculated by geometrical method. Assumed that the specific gravity of the Copepod body is equal to 1, then the volume will correspond to the weight.
Species Calocalanus pavo - Distribution map 6issued from : U. Brenning in Wiss. Z. Wilhelm-Pieck-Univ. Rostock - 31. Jahrgang 1982. Mat.-nat. wiss. Reihe, 6. [p.5, Fig.7].
Spatial distribution for Calocalanus pavo, C. tenuis, C. styliremis, C. contractus from 8° S - 26° N; 16°- 20° W.
Species Calocalanus pavo - Distribution map 7issued from : U. Brenning in Wiss. Z. Wilhelm-Pieck-Univ. Rostock - 31. Jahrgang 1982. Mat.-nat. wiss. Reihe, 6. [p.5, Figs.8].
Spatial distribution for Calocalanus pavo, and C. tenuis from 8° S - 26° N; 16°- 20° W.
SO: Southern Surface Water (S °/oo: 34,50; T°C: 29,0); ND: Northern Water of the Surface Layer (S °/oo: 37,5; T°C: 21,0); SD: Southern Deep Water of the surface layer (S °/oo: 35,33; T°C: 13,4). See commentary in Temora stylifera and Brenning (1985 a, p.6).

Nota: This species is thermophile surface form.
Species Calocalanus pavo - Distribution map 8Issued from : M. Madhupratap & P. Haridas in J. Plankton Res., 12 (2). [p.313, Fig.6].
Vertical distribution of calanoid copepod (mean +1 SE), abundance No/100 m3. 69- Calocalanus pavo.
Night: shaded, day: unshaded.
Samples collected from 6 stations located off Cochin (India), SE Arabian Sea, November 1983, with a Multiple Closing Plankton Net (mesh aperture 300 µm), in vertical hauls at 4 depth intervalls (0-200, 200-400, 400-600, 600-1000 m).
Loc:
Cosmopolite (tropical, sub-tropical): sub-Antarct. (Indian), South Africa (E & W), Angola (Baia Farta), G. of Guinea, off Lagos, Senegal-Mauritania, Uruguay (continental shelf), Brazil (S, Campos Basin, off Natal), Caribbean Colombia, Bahia de Mochima (Venezuela), Cariaco Basin, Yucatan, G. of Mexico, Jamaica, Straits of Florida, Florida, Sargasso Sea, off Bermuda, Station "S" (32°10'N, 64°30'W), Delaware Bay (outside), off Woods-Hole, off E Nova Scotia, off SW Ireland, Canary Is., Morocco-Mauritania, Cap Ghir, Bay of Biscay, Ibero-moroccan Bay, off W Tangier, Medit. (M'Diq, Alboran Sea, Habibas Is., Sidi fredj coast, Algiers, N Tunisia, Castellon, Baleares, Banyuls, G. of Lion, Marseille, Monaco, Genova, Tyrrhenian Sea, Milazzo, Strait of Messina, G. of Gabes, Taranto, Malta, Adriatic Sea, Ionian Sea, Aegean Sea, Thracian Sea, W Egyptian coast, Iskenderun Bay, Lebanon Basin, Alexandria, Marmara Sea, Black Sea), off Sharm El-Sheikh, G. of Aqaba (Taba), Hurghada, Red Sea, Gulf of Oman, G. of Aden, Arabian Sea, Maldive Is., Natal, Madagascar, Seychelles, Indian, India (Saurashtra coast, Goa - Gujarat, Sri Lanka, Madras, Godavarizone, Kakinada Bay), Bay of Bengal, Barren Island, S Burma, Nicobar Is., off Phuket, W Malay Peninsula (Andaman Sea), Straits of Malacca, G. of Thailand, Indonesia: Lombok Sea, Flores Sea, SW Sulawesi, Ceram Is. (Ambon Bay), S Celebes Sea, China Seas (Yellow Sea, East China Sea, South China Sea), Taiwan Strait, Taiwan (S, E, SW, W, Tapong Bay, Kaohsiung Harbor, NW, N, Mienhua Canyon, NE), Korea, Korea Strait, Japan Sea, Japan, Kuchinoerabu Is., off Sanriku, Pacif. E (equatorial), off Washington & Oregon coasts, Baja California (Bahia Magdalena, W), G. of California, G. of Tehuantepec, off Guatemala W, W Costa Rica, Clipperton Is., Pacif. (W equatorial), Australia (G. of Carpentaria, North West Cape, Great Barrier), New Caledonia, Bering Sea, off Kamchatka,Bahia Cupica (Colombia), Galapagos-Ecuador, Peru, N Chile

Data from Cornils & Blanco-Bercial (2013): 05°07'S; 119°21'E.
N: 375
Lg.:
(14) F: 1,21-0,9; (28) F: 0,9; (34) F: 1,15; (45) F: 1,25-0,8; M: 1,15-1; (47) F: 1,2-0,88; M: 1,04; (55) F: 1,23; (66) F: 0,91-0,79; (72) F: 1,18-1,05; (73) F: 1,06-0,95; (75) F: 0,92; (91) F: 1,4-0,85; (101) F: 1,19-0,85; (114) F: 1,1; (150) F: 1,35-1,12; (180) F: 1,22-0,98; M: 0,95-0,91; (187) F: 1,5-1,38; (188) F: 1,2-0,88; M: 1,04; (199) F: 1,29-1,06; (202) F: 0,88-1,22; M: 0,91-1,01; (237) F: 1,2-0,65; (290) F: 1,25-1; (333) F: 1,12-0,9; (334) F: 1,2-0,88; M: 1,04; (335) F: 0,94-0,91; M: 0,92-0,88; (338) M: 1,05-0,63; (432) F: 1,2-0,9; (449) F: 1,22-0,88; M: 1,04; (530) F: 1; (785) F: 0,88-0,83; (786) F: 1,05-0,94; (795) F: 0,86; (866) F: 0,9-1,3; M: 0,6-1,1; (920) F: 1,05; (991) F: 0,85-1,4; M: 1,04-1,18; (1023) F: 0,96-1,00; (1112) F: 0,864-1,28; (1122) F: 1,1; (1132) F: 0,98-1,2; M: 1,04; {F: 0,65-1,50; M: 0,60-1,18}
Rem.: epipelagic-bathypelagic. Sargasso Sea: 0-500 m.
According to Björnberg (1963, p.29) this species prefers waters of high salinities (above 36.00 p.1000) and high temperatures (above 25°C) off Brazil. It did not occur in deep waters.
For Acha & al. (2020) this species is observed on Northern shelfbreak in front of Rio de La Plata (Argentina).
For Itoh (1970 a, fig.2, from co-ordonates) the Itoh's index value of the mandibular gnathobase = 250, and for Schnack (1989) 289.

After Ehrhardt (1967, p.888, 893) the species is found in the southwest Tyrrhenian Sea in water salinity between 37.09-37.86 p.1000 (mainly between 37.29- 37.55) and for the Oxygen between 3.44-6.40 cm3/l (mainly between 4.53-5.33).
Timonin (1971, p.282) considers the trophic interrelations in the equatorial and tropical Indian Ocean, and divides the plankters into 6 trophic groups from the litterature and the results of studies of mouth-parts structure and intestine content. This species is a fine-filter feeder.
After Benedetti & al. (2018, p.1, Fig.2) this species belonging to the functional group 7 corresponding to small filter feeding herbivorous.

See in DVP Conway & al., 2003 (version 1)
Last update : 04/07/2020
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