Species Card of Copepod
Calanoida ( Order )
    Clausocalanoidea ( Superfamily )
        Phaennidae ( Family )
            Talacalanus ( Genus )
Talacalanus greeni  (Farran, 1905)   (F,M)
Syn.: Xanthocalanus Greeni Farran, 1905 (p.39, Descr.F, figs.F); Pearson, 1906 (p.20, Rem.); Farran, 1908 b (p.48); With, 1915 (p.235, figs.F, juv.V); Sars, 1925 (p.132, figs.F,M); Rose, 1933 a (p.131, figs.F,M); Jespersen, 1934 (p.82); 1940 (p.33); Lysholm & al., 1945 (p.25); Sewell, 1947 (p.132, figs.M); 1948 (p.330, 501, 521, 527, 530); Vervoort, 1965 (p.27, Rem.); Grice & Hulsemann, 1967 (p.16); Tanaka & Omori, 1967 (p.247); Shih & al., 1971 (p.205); Deevey & Brooks, 1977 (p.256, tab.2, Station "S"); Carter, 1977 (1978) (p.35); Park, 1983 a (Redescr.F, p.325, figs.F); Lozano Soldevilla & al., 1988 (p.58); Tanaka & Omori, 1992 (p.268, Rem.); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.855, Pl.142: F,M); Vives & Shmeleva, 2007 (p.701, figs.F,M, Rem.);
? Xanthocalanus calaminus Wolfenden, 1906 (p.34);
Talacalanus calaminus : Wolfenden, 1911 (p.279, figs.F); Björnberg, 1973 (p.330, 389);
no Xanthocalanus grenii : Wilson, 1932 a (p.68, figs.F,M)
Campaner, 1978 a (p.976); Bradford & al., 1983 (p.70)
Species Talacalanus greeni - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Park in Antarct. Res. Ser. Washington, 1983, 39 (5). [p.326, Fig.5]. As Xanthocalanus greeni.
Female: a, habitus (lateral left side); b, anterior part of body (lateral left side); c, posterior part of metasome and urosome (lateral left side); d, last metasomal segment and urosome (dorsal); e, urosome (lateral left side); f, forehead (dorsal); g, idem (ventral); h, A2.

Species Talacalanus greeni - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Park in Antarct. Res. Ser. Washington, 1983, 39 (5). [p.326, Fig.5]. As Xanthocalanus greeni.
Female: a, Md; b, Mx1; c, Mx2; d, Mxp; e, P1 (anterior); f, P2 (posterior); g, P3 (posterior); h, P4 (posterior); i, P5 (posterior).

Species Talacalanus greeni - Plate 3 of morphological figuresIssued from : G.O. Sars in Résult. Camp. Scient. Prince Albert I, 69, pls.1-127 (1924). [Pl.XXXVI, figs.1-18].
Female: 1, habitus (dorsal); 2, idem (lateral left side); 3, Mxp; 4, distal segments of Mxp (enlarged); 5, P5.

Male: 6, habitus (dorsal); 7, Md; 8, Mx1; 9, Mx2; 10, distal segments of Mx2 (enlarged); 11, Mxp; 12, P1; 13, P2; 14, P3; 15, P4; 16, P5; 17, right leg of P5 (enlarged); 18, distal segments of left leg of P5.

Species Talacalanus greeni - Plate 4 of morphological figuresissued from : R.B.S. Sewell in The John Murray Expedition, 1933-34, Scientific Reports, VIII (1), 1947. [p.133, Fig.31]. As Xanthocalanus greeni.
Male (from Central part of Arabian Sea): A, anal segment and caudal rami (lateral); B, Mx1; C, Mx2; D, P1; F, P5.
Nota: The proportional lengths of the various segments of the body (cephalon to caudal rami) as 438:101:79:67:45:46:63:52:49:11:49 = 1000. Forehead without trace of crest.The rostrum forms a wide prominence that terminates in a pair of long slender spines. The line of demarcation between thoracic segments 4 and 5 clearly visible.Head and 1 st pediger segment separate. Both the anal segment and the caudal rami hairy on their ventral aspects. In Mx1 the number of setae on the various parts are: inner lobe 1 expanded (11 or 12 fleshy setae), inner lobe 2 in stained specimen composed of 2 segments, of which the proximal bears 1 seta and the distal 2 setae; inner lobe 3 (3 setae); basal segment 2 bears 4 setae and is fringed along its inner margin with hairs; endopod fused into a single segment and bears 3, 3, 3 setae; exopod bears 10 setae; outer lobe with 10 setae.

Species Talacalanus greeni - Plate 5 of morphological figuresissued from : G.P. Farran in Ann. Rep. Fish. Brch., Ireland, 1902-1903, II, App. 2, 1905. [Plate VIII, Figs.1-13]. As anthocalanus Greeni
Female (from W Ireland): 1, habitus (dorsal); 2, A1; 3, A2; 4, Md (mandibular palp); 5, Mx1; 6, Mx2; 7, Mx2 (distal segments); 8, Mxp; 9-13, P1 to P5.

Species Talacalanus greeni - Plate 6 of morphological figuresissued from : R.N. Wolfenden in Die Marinen Copepoden der Deutschen Südpolar-Expedition 1901-1903, 1911. [p.280, Fig.44]. As Talacalanus calaminus.
Female: a, P2; b, P5.

Species Talacalanus greeni - Plate 7 of morphological figuresissued from : R.N. Wolfenden in Die Marinen Copepoden der Deutschen Südpolar-Expedition 1901-1903, 1911. [Pl.XXXI, Figs.9-12]. As Talacalanus calaminus.
Female: 9, Mx1; 10, Mxp; 11, Mx2; 12, terminal spines of Mxp.

Species Talacalanus greeni - Plate 8 of morphological figuresissued from : C. With in The Danish Ingolf-Expedition, Copepoda I, 1915, III, 4. [Pl. VII, Fig.3, d-g]. As Xanthocalanus Greenii.
Female: d, end of broken seta in 5th lobe of the Mx2; e, left Mxp; f, last segment of left Mxp; g, left P2 (terminal seta).

Compl. Ref.:
Razouls & al., 2000 (p.343, Appendix); Holmes, 2001 (p.56); Park & Ferrari, 2009 (p.143, Table 4, Appendix 1, biogeography)
NZ: 12

Distribution map of Talacalanus greeni by geographical zones
Antarct. (S Atlant., Indian, SW & SE Pacif.), sub-Antarct. (SE Pacif.), South Africa (E) (Natal), G. of Guinea, Canary Is., off Lisboa, Bay of Biscay, Azores, off Bermuda: Station "S" (32°10'N, 64°30'W), Sargasso Sea, S Iceland, W Ireland, Arabian Sea, Japan (Izu region), N Alaska (Point Barrow: 71°23'20''N, 156°28'45''W), off Peru (in C.B. Wilson, 1950, p.351), S Chile
N: 17
(1) F: 8; (11) M: 7,1; (15) F: 10,5-8,91; (58) F: 6; (70) F: 8,6; ? (239) F: 5,5; (866) M: 7,1-8,1; {F: 6,00-10,50; M: 7,10-8,10}
Rem.: After Pearson (1906, p.20): vertical range down to 700 m at 53°58'N, 12°28'W. For the author this species may prove to be the same as Xanthocalanus muticus Sars, 1905. Sampling depth (Antarct., sub-Antarct.) : 0-2000 m. Sargasso Sea: 1000-1500 m (Deevey & Brooks, 1977, station "S");
This species is maintained in the genus Xanthocalanus by certain authors, admitting however the genus Talacalanus.
According to Tanaka & Omori (1967, p.247) Wilson's record from the surface off Peru is incredible, also the occurrence of the species from NW Pacific adjacent to Japan is the first record from the Pacific.
Last update : 09/12/2020
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Razouls C., Desreumaux N., Kouwenberg J. and de Bovée F., 2005-2024. - Biodiversity of Marine Planktonic Copepods (morphology, geographical distribution and biological data). Sorbonne University, CNRS. Available at http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr/en [Accessed May 27, 2024]

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