Species Card of Copepod
Calanoida ( Order )
    Diaptomoidea ( Superfamily )
        Pontellidae ( Family )
            Pontella ( Genus )
Pontella chierchiae  Giesbrecht, 1889   (F,M)
Syn.: Pontellina (Ivellina) chierchiae : Claus,1893;
Pontella bifurcata Tanaka, 1936 (p.34, figs.F, juv.F);
Pontella forcipata Tanaka, 1936 (p.33, figs.M);
Pontellopsis chierchiae : Anraku & Azeta, 1965 (p.13, Table 2, fish predator);
Ref.:
Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.462, 478, 774, figs.F,M); Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.143, Rem. F,M); C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.291); Heinrich, 1960 a (p.43: fig.1, p.46: fig.2); Tanaka, 1964 c (p.262, figs.F,M); Chen & Zhang, 1965 (p.103, figs.F,M); Silas & Pillai, 1973 (1976) (p.776); Zheng Zhong & al., 1984 (1989) (p.256, figs.F,M); Ohtsuka & Onbé, 1991 (p.214); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.869, Pl.152,156: F,M); Ferrari & Ueda, 2005 (p.341, figs. juv, F,M); Ferrari & Dahms, 2007 (p. 69, fig.24, Table VII); Jeong & al., 2008 (p.212, figs.F,M)
Species Pontella chierchiae - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : Tanaka O. in Jap. J. Zool., Tokyo, 1936, 7 (1). [Plate VI, Figs.2-12 (part.)]. as Pontella bifurcata.
Female: 2, habitus (lateral view); 3, Head (dorsal view); 4, last thoracic segment and Urosome (dorsal view); 5, Rostrum; 6, P1 (endopodite); 7, P5.


Species Pontella chierchiae - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from : Tanaka O. in Jap. J. Zool., Tokyo, 1936, 7 (1). [Plate V & VI, Figs.3-9 & 1]. as Pontella forcipata.
Male: 3, habitus (dorsal view); 4, Rostrum; 5, Head (lateral view); 6, last thoracic segment and Urosome (lateral view); 7, distal segments of A1 (right side); 8, A1 (left side); 9, P1 (endopodite); 10, P5.
Nota: Left A1 (24-segmented) reaches end of the 3rd thoracic segment.


Species Pontella chierchiae - Plate 3 of morphological figuresissued from: Q.-c Chen & S.-z. Zhang in Studia Marina Sinica, 1965, 7. [Pl.44, 10-15].
Female (from E China Sea): 10, habitus (dorsal); 11, idem (lateral left side); 12, P5 (posterior).

Male: 13, habitus (dorsal); 14, distal part of right A1; 15, P5 (posterior).


Species Pontella chierchiae - Plate 4 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.40, Fig.22].
Female: 22, habitus (dorsal).


Species Pontella chierchiae - Plate 5 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.40, Fig.35].
Female: 35, forehead (lateral).


Species Pontella chierchiae - Plate 6 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.40, Fig.26].
Female: 26, Th5 and urosome (ventral).


Species Pontella chierchiae - Plate 7 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.24, Fig.38]
Female: 38, P5 (anterior view).


Species Pontella chierchiae - Plate 8 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.40, Fig.19].
Male: 19, urosome (dprsal).


Species Pontella chierchiae - Plate 9 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.24, Fig.27].
Male: 27, P5 (posterior view). Pd = right foot; Ps = left foot.


Species Pontella chierchiae - Plate 10 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.24, Fig.12].
Male: 12, right A1 (distal part).


Species Pontella chierchiae - Plate 11 of morphological figuresissued from : H.G. Jeong, H.-L. Suh, Y.H. Yoon & H.Y. Soh in Ocean Sc. J., 2008, 43 (4). [p.213, Fig.6].
Female (from SE Korea): A, habitus (dorsal); B, forehead (lateral); C, A1; D, urosome (lateral, right side); E, left P5; F, P5.
Nota: This species shows two types of endopods in female P5 (figs.6, E, F): type I with uniramous endopod and type II having apical bifid one. Among the prvious studies, type I was illustrated by Kim (1985) and Ferrari & Ueda (2005), and type II appeared in figures of Giesbrecht (1892), Wilson (1950) and Chen & Zhang (1965). Females occuring in the South Korea also have two types of endopod, but bifid endopod (type II) is found on only 1 individual. The variation of the female P5 may be intraspecific.


Species Pontella chierchiae - Plate 12 of morphological figuresissued from : H.G. Jeong, H.-L. Suh, Y.H. Yoon & H.Y. Soh in Ocean Sc. J., 2008, 43 (4). [p.214, Fig.7].
Male: A, habitus (dorsal); B, forehead (lateral); C, right A1; D, P5.


Species Pontella chierchiae - Plate 13 of morphological figuresIssued from : O.E. Garrote, E. Suarez-Morales & A. Morales-Ramirez in Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 2015, 128 (2). [p.148, Table 1].

Nota: Compare P. chierchiae with other members of the Pontella fera species group: P. tenuiremis, P. fera and P. cocoensis.
GS = genital double-somite; 5PS = fifth pedigerous somite; EXP = exopod.

Compl. Ref.:
Sewell, 1948 (p.419); Yamazi, 1958 (p.152, Rem.); Heinrich, 1960 a (p.43: fig.1, p.46: fug.2); Chen Q-c, 1980 (p.795); Yoo, 1991 (tab.1); Dai & al., 1991 (tab.1); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.72); Park & Choi, 1997 (Appendix); Hwang & al., 2003 (p.193, tab.2); Zuo & al., 2006 (p.163: tab.1); Dur & al., 2007 (p.197, Table IV)
NZ: 4

Distribution map of Pontella chierchiae by geographical zones
Species Pontella chierchiae - Distribution map 2Issued from : A.K. Heinrich in Trudy Inst. Okeanol., 1960, 41. [p.43, Fig.1].
Distribution in the equatorial and tropical West Pacific of seven species of Pontellidae (Cruise of the R/V 'Vityaz', November 1957 to December 1958.
1: Stations; 2: Pontellopsis villosa; 3: Pontella fera; 4: Labidocera acutifrons; 5: Pontella whiteleggi; 6: Pontella tenuiremis; 7: Pontella chierchiae; 8: Labidocera acuta.
Species Pontella chierchiae - Distribution map 3issued from : H.G. Jeong, H.-L. Suh, Y.H. Yoon & H.Y. Soh in Ocean Sc. J., 2008, 43 (4). [p.220, Fig.12, A].
Distribution of Pontella chierchiae based on previous records and on the prsent study.
Loc:
Philippines, Hong Kong, Taiwan (SW), China Seas (Bohai Sea, Yellow Sea, East China Sea, South China Sea, Xiamen Harbour), SE Korea, Japan, Nagasaki, Tanabe Bay, Pacif. (Central America)
N: 30
Lg.:
(46) F: 3,3; M: 3; (120) F: 3,35; M: 2,95; (130) F: 3,35; M: 2,95-2,92; (290) F: 3,4-3,55; M: 2,8-3,05; (1019) F: 3.19-3.58; M: 2,59-3,11; {F: 3,19-3,58; M: 2,59-3,11}
Rem.: epipelagic.
This species belongs to "P. aandersoni"-Group (See in P. andersoni in Mulyadi, 2003, Table I)
Last update : 15/03/2016
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