Species Card of Copepod
Calanoida ( Order )
    Diaptomoidea ( Superfamily )
        Pontellidae ( Family )
            Pontellopsis ( Genus )
Pontellopsis villosa  Brady, 1883   (F,M)
Syn.: Monops villosus : Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.486, 497, 773, figs.F,M); 1894;
Monops edwardsii (part.) Claus, 1893
Ref.:
Brady, 1883 (p.86, Descr.F, figs.F); Thompson, 1888 d (p.143); Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.148, Rem. F,M); A. Scott, 1909 (p.172, Rem.); Sars, 1925 (p.355); Sewell, 1932 (p.390); Rose, 1933 a (p.264, figs.F,M); Wilson, 1942 a (p.204, fig.M); C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.314, fig.M); Voronina, 1962 a (p.68, 69, 73, fig.1, 5, 6); Tanaka, 1964 c (p.268, figs.M, No figs. F); Chen & Zhang, 1965 (p.108, figs.F,M); Vervoort, 1965 (p.194, Rem.); Owre & Foyo, 1967 (p.99, figs.F,M); Corral Estrada, 1970 (p.205, Rem., fig.F); Silas & Pillai, 1973 (1976) (p.837, figs.F,M, Rem.); Pillai, 1975 (p.137, figs.F,M, Rem.); 1977 (1982) (p.66); Björnberg & al., 1981 (p.660, figs.F,M); Zheng & al., 1982 [p.87, Figs.F,M); Ohtsuka & Onbé, 1991 (p.214); Ianora & al., 1992 (p.401, fig.); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.872, Pl.157,159: F,M); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.885, 960, figs.F,M); Mulyadi, 2002 (p.151, figs.F, Rem.); Vives & Shmeleva, 2007 (p.519, figs.F,M, Rem.); Suarez-Morales & Kozak, 2012 (p.1, key F,M: p.14, fig.F,M).
Species Pontellopsis villosa - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : O. Tanaka in Publs Seto Mar. Biol. Lab., 1964, XII (3). [p.268, Fig.240].
Male: a, habitus (dorsal); b, forehead (left lateral side); c, clasping of right A1; d, left P5; e, right P5.


Species Pontellopsis villosa - Plate 2 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.41, Figs.45, 51, 57, 69]. As Monops villosus.
Female: 57, habitus (dorsal); 69, urosome (ventral).

Male: 45, last thoracic segment and urosome (dorsal); 51, habitus (dorsal).


Species Pontellopsis villosa - Plate 3 of morphological figuresiIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.26, Figs. 10, 12, 17, 23, 33, 34]. As Monops villosus.
Female: 17, P5 (posterior view).

Male: 10, Mxp (extremity, posterior view); 12, Mx2 (posterior view); 23, P3 (posterior view); 33, P5; 34, P5 (distal part of left leg).


Species Pontellopsis villosa - Plate 4 of morphological figuresissued from: Q.-c Chen & S.-z. Zhang in Studia Marina Sinica, 1965, 7. [Pl.48, 1-3].
Male (from E China Sea): 1, habitus (dorsal); 2, right A1; 3, P5 (posterior).


Species Pontellopsis villosa - Plate 5 of morphological figuresissued from: Q.-c Chen & S.-z. Zhang in Studia Marina Sinica, 1965, 7. [Pl.47, 8-11].
Female: 8, habitus (dorsal); 9, idem (lateral right side); 10, P5 (posterior); 11, right P5 (another specimen), posterior.


Species Pontellopsis villosa - Plate 6 of morphological figuresissued from: Q.-c Chen & S.-z. Zhang in Studia Marina Sinica, 1965, 7. [Pl.47, 8-11].
Female: 8, habitus (dorsal); 9, idem (lateral right side); 10, P5 (posterior); 11, right P5 (another specimen), posterior.


Species Pontellopsis villosa - Plate 7 of morphological figuresissued from: Q.-c Chen & S.-z. Zhang in Studia Marina Sinica, 1965, 7. [Pl.47, 8-11].
Female: 8, habitus (dorsal); 9, idem (lateral right side); 10, P5 (posterior); 11, right P5 (another specimen), posterior.


Species Pontellopsis villosa - Plate 8 of morphological figuresissued from : J. Corral Estrada in Tesis Doct., Univ. Madrid, A-129, Sec. Biologicas, 1970. [Lam.54, fig.3].
Female: 3, P5.


Species Pontellopsis villosa - Plate 9 of morphological figuresissued from : E.G. Silas & P.P. Pillai in J. mar. biol. Ass. India, 1973 (1976), 15 (2). [p.837, Fig.28].
Female (from Indian Ocean): a, urosome (dorsal); b, P5.
Nota: Genital segment broader than long, with convex lateral margins and provided with a short, stout conical process on its right proximal half.

Male: c, urosome (dorsal); d, right A1 (geniculate part); e, P5; f, left P5 (enlarged).
Nota: Right P5 with a broad triangular hand a reduced thumb; finger long, uniformly broad and curved at its mid-length, and distally with a short segment carrying a flagellum; finger also provided with 2 subequal setae along inner distal margin, and 2 setae along proximal inner half; a short seta present at outer base of thumb; left leg with terminal segment modified and curved inwards with tip bearing 3 subequal setae, middle seta longest; a short conical spine present at its inner distal margin, towards base of inner distal seta; inner margin of terminal segment with tufts of setae; subterminal segment with a disto-lateral spine.
Scale as in Calanopia minor.


Species Pontellopsis villosa - Plate 10 of morphological figuresissued from : A. Ianora, A. Miralto & S. Vanucci in Mar Biol., 1992, 113. [p.403, Fig.2, C]. SEM micrographs.
Female & Male: C, surface attachment structure (mass of fine setules arranged in three semicircles on a flattened area of the anterodorsal surface of the cephalosome).

For the interpretation of this structure: see in Anomalocera patersoni.


Species Pontellopsis villosa - Plate 11 of morphological figuresissued from : Z. Zheng, S. Li, S.J. Li & B. Chen in Marine planktonic copepods in Chinese waters. Shanghai Sc. Techn. Press, 1982 [p.87, Fig.49-1].
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, idem (lateral); c, urosome (ventral); d, P4; e, P5.
Scale bars in mm.


Species Pontellopsis villosa - Plate 12 of morphological figuresissued from : Z. Zheng, S. Li, S.J. Li & B. Chen in Marine planktonic copepods in Chinese waters. Shanghai Sc. Techn. Press, 1982 [p.88, Fig.49-2].Scale bar in mm.


Species Pontellopsis villosa - Plate 13 of morphological figuresIssued from : G.S. Brady in Rep. Scient. Results Voy. Challenger, Zool., 1883, 8 (23). [Pl. XXXV, Figs.14-20].
Female: 14, habitus (dorsal); 15, A1; 16, Md; 17, P1; 18, P2; 19, P5; 20, urosome.


Species Pontellopsis villosa - Plate 14 of morphological figuresIssued from : G.S. Brady in Rep. Scient. Results Voy. Challenger, Zool., 1883, 8 (23). [Pl.XXXIV].
Female: 10, A2; 11, Mx1; 12, Mx2; 13, Mxp.


Species Pontellopsis villosa - Plate 15 of morphological figuresissued from : Mulyadi in Treubia, 2002, 32. [p.152, Fig.56].
Female (from Flores Sea): a, habitus (dorsal); b, posterodistal metasomal somite 5 and urosome (dorsal); c, P5.

Nota:Cephalon with a projection over base of rostrum, separated from metasomal segment 1.
Rostral ramus long and spiniform.
Urosome 2-segmented; urosomal segment 1 asymmetrical, proximal right margin with 1 transparent setule, and 1 small and short medial spine-like process; left margin with medial swelling and 1 transparent setule proximally; urosomal segment 2 asymmetrical, right side longer.
Caudal rami slightly asymmetrical, right ramus broader and longer.
P5 similar that of P. macronyx, asymmetrical, right leg with 2 outer spinules and 3 distal spines of which innermost spine is longer and broader; inner margin of exopod at its distal half produced into 1 stout thick spinous process. Exopod of left leg produced into 1 stout spiniform process terminally, with 2 outer spines, distal one set in 3 spinules. Endopods left and right bifid at tip.
In Krishnaswamy (1973) the spine on the right side of urosomite 1 of the female collected from Madras coast is lacking.


Species Pontellopsis villosa - Plate 16 of morphological figuresissued from : P.P. Pillai in J. mar. biol. Ass. India, 1975, 17 (2). [p.136, Fig.3, c-e ].
Female (from Indian Ocean): c, urosome (dorsal); d, P5.

Male: e, P5.

Scale: Single bar: 0.3 mm; double bars: 0.05 mm.


Species Pontellopsis villosa - Plate 17 of morphological figuresIssued from : J.M. Bradford-Grieve, E.L. Markhaseva, C.E.F. Rocha & B. Abiahy in South Atlantic Zooplankton, edit. D. Boltovskoy. 1999, Vol. 2, Copepoda; [p.1073, Fig. 7.403: Pontellopsis villosa]. Ur = urosome; r = right leg; l = left leg; r male A1 = male right antennula.

Female characters (from key, p.960):
- Urosome apparently of 1 somite in dorsal view.
- Genital segment with large, hairy left side projection directed posteriorly, indistinctly separated from somite 2 in dorsal view.

Male characters (from key, p.961):
- Posterior prosome corners almost symmetrical, both points long, extending almost to posterior border of urosomal segment 3.

Compl. Ref.:
Sewell, 1948 (p.417, 419, 461); Krishnaswamy, 1953 (p.137); Demir, 1959 (p.176); Heinrich, 1960 a (p.43: fig.1, p.46: fig.2); Cervigon, 1962 (p.181, tables: abundance distribution); Björnberg, 1963 (p.61, Rem.); Heinrich, 1964 (p.87: fig.5, 91: fig.7); Shmeleva, 1965 b (p.1350, lengths-volume -weight relation); Mazza, 1966 (p.72); 1967 (p.367); Delalo, 1968 (p.138); Heinrich, 1969 (p.1457, fig.5); Bainbridge, 1972 (p.61, Appendix Table I: vertical distribution vs day/night); Champalbert & Gaudy, 1972 (p.159, respiration vs temperature); Apostolopoulou, 1972 (p.328, 369); Corral Estrada & Pereiro Muñoz, 1974 (tab.I); Heinrich, 1974 (p.43, fig.1); Weikert, 1975 (p.139, carte); Carter, 1977 (1978) (p.36); Vives, 1982 (p.295); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.85); Brenning, 1985 a (p.28, Table 2); Madhupratap & Haridas, 1986 (p.105, tab.1); Brenning, 1987 (p.30, Rem.); Lozano Soldevilla & al., 1988 (p.60); Heinrich, 1988 (p.89, fig.1); Echelman & Fishelson, 1990 a (tab.2); Suarez & al., 1990 (tab.2); Suarez & Gasca, 1991 (tab.2); Hernandez-Trujillo, 1991 (1993) (tab.I); Suarez, 1992 (App.1); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.72); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1997 (p.1525); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.103); Suarez-Morales, 1998 (p.345, Table 1); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p.111); Alvarez-Cadena & al., 1998 (tab.2, 3, 4); Dur & al., 2007 (p.197, Table IV); Morales-Ramirez & Suarez-Morales, 2008 (p.514); Schnack-Schiel & al., 2010 (p.2064, Table 2: E Atlantic subtropical/tropical); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.427); Medellin-Mora & Navas S., 2010 (p.265, Tab. 2); Lidvanov & al., 2013 (p.290, Table 2, % composition); Bonecker & a., 2014 (p.445, Table II: frequency, horizontal & vertical distributions); Dias & al., 2015 (p.483, Table 2, abundance, biomass, production); Benedetti & al., 2016 (p.159, Table I, fig.1, functional characters); Marques-Rojas & Zoppi de Roa, 2017 (p.495, Table 1); Belmonte, 2018 (p.273, Table I: Italian zones)
NZ: 14

Distribution map of Pontellopsis villosa by geographical zones
Species Pontellopsis villosa - Distribution map 3Issued from : A.K. Heinrich inTrudy Inst. Okeanol., 1974, 98 [p.44, Fig.1].
Distibution of three species of Pontellidae from SW Atlantic (Cruise of the R/V 'Akademik Kurchatov', 1971 and 1972).
Points = stations; cross = Labidocera acutifrons ; circle= Pontellopsis regalis ; triangle= Pontellopsis villosa .
Species Pontellopsis villosa - Distribution map 4Issued from : A.K. Heinrich in Trudy Inst. Okeanol., 1960, 41. [p.43, Fig.1].
Distribution in the equatorial and tropical West Pacific of seven species of Pontellidae (Cruise of the R/V 'Vityaz', November 1957 to December 1958.
1: Stations; 2: Pontellopsis villosa; 3: Pontella fera; 4: Labidocera acutifrons; 5: Pontella whiteleggi; 6: Pontella tenuiremis; 7: Pontella chierchiae; 8: Labidocera acuta.
Species Pontellopsis villosa - Distribution map 5issued from : A.K. Heinrich in Zool. Zh., 1969, 48 (10) [p.1461, Fig.5].
Distribution of two species of Pontellidae in the Pacific Ocean.
1: Pontellopsis villosa; 2: Pontella denticauda ( = Ivellopsis denticauda); 3: stations.
Species Pontellopsis villosa - Distribution map 6issued from : A.A. Shmeleva in Bull. Inst. Oceanogr., Monaco, 1965, 65 (n°1351). [Table 6: 36]. Pontellopsis vilosa (from South Adriatic).
Dimensions, volume and Weight wet. Means for 50-60 specimens. Volume and weight calculated by geometrical method. Assumed that the specific gravity of the Copepod body is equal to 1, then the volume will correspond to the weight.
Species Pontellopsis villosa - Distribution map 7issued from : P. Pillai in J. mar. biol. Ass. India, 1975, 17 (2). [p.141, Fig.7].
Occurrence of Pontellopsis villosa and P. armata collected from 32 stations in the Indian Ocean (See in: Hand Book to the International Zooplankton Collections, volume I, 1969).
Loc:
South Africa, G. of Guinea, off Morocco-Mauritania, Canary Is., Portugal, Azores, Middle South Atlantic (off Mar del Plata), S Brazil, off Rio de Janeiro, Campos Basin, off Amazon, Caribbean Sea (Caribean Colombia, Bahia de Mochima (Venezuela), Cariaco Basin, Yucatan), E Costa Rica, G. of Mexico, Cuba, Florida, Georges Bank, Medit. (Alboran Sea, W Basin, Ligurian Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea, Strait of Messina, Adriatic Sea, Malta, Aegean Sea), G. of Aqaba, Red Sea, Natal, India ( Bombay coast, Madras coast), Burma coast, Andaman Sea, Indonesia-Malaysia (Sunda Strait, Cilacap Bay, Lombok Strait), Philippines, China Seas (East China Sea, South China Sea), Taiwan (SW), Japan, Tuamotu Is., Hawaii, Galapagos, W Baja California

Type locality: 30°32'N, 154°56'W.
N: 77
Lg.:
(16) F: 2,83-2,8; (46) F: 2,9-2,6; M: 2,5-2,3; (120) F: 2,7; (180) F: 2,8; (237) F: 3,0-2,75; M: 1,9; (256) F: 2,81-2,68; M: 2,48-2,05; (276) F: 2,62; 2,456; M: 2,576-2,536; (290) F: 1,95-2,45; M: 2,1; (795) F: 3; (1023) F: 2,38-2,47; M: 2,12-2,31; (1087) F: 2,55; (1115) F: 2,4-2,84; M: 2,11-2,14; {F: 1,95-3,00; M: 2,05-2,58}
Rem.: epiplagic: oceanic- neritic.
Last update : 04/07/2020
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