Species Card of Copepod
Cyclopoida ( Order )
    Sapphirinidae ( Family )
        Copilia ( Genus )
Copilia mediterranea  (Claus, 1863)   (F,M)
Syn.: Saphirinella mediterranea Claus, 1863 (p.154, figs.M);
Copilia denticulata (M) : Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.647, part. p. 657, figs.M); Corral-Estrada, 1970 (p.233, figs.M, no F);
Copilia oblonga : Giesbrecht, 1891; 1892 (p.648, 657, Descr.F, fig.F); Furuhashi, 1961 a (p.110); 1965
Ref.:
Steuer, 1907 (p.898, fig.M); Pesta, 1920 (p.644); Lehnhofer, 1926 (p.127, 137, figs.F,M); Rose, 1933 a (p.323, figs.F,M); Sewell, 1947 (p.270); Moore, 1949 (p.64); Razouls, 1972 (p.95, Annexe: p.125); Björnberg & al, 1981 (p.673, figs.F,M); Boxshall, 1998 (p.228); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.887, 972, figs.F,M); Boxshall & Halsey, 2004 (p.653); Avancini & al., 2006 (p.142, Pl. 110, figs.F,M, Rem.); Vives & Shmeleva, 2010 (p.356, figs.F,M, Rem.)
Species Copilia mediterranea - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : J. Corral Estrada in Tesis Doct., Univ. Madrid, A-129, Sec. Biologicas, 1970. [Lam.58, figs.2-3]. As Copilia denticulata.
Male (from Canarias Is.): 2, A2; 3, Mxp.


Species Copilia mediterranea - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from : A. Steuer in Zool. Zh., 1907, 31 (26). [p.899, Fig.1].
Male: 1, Mxp.


Species Copilia mediterranea - Plate 3 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 50, Fig.2 ]. As Copilia denticulata.
Male: 2, habitus (dorsal).


Species Copilia mediterranea - Plate 4 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.50 , Figs.38, 43 ]. As Copilia denticulata.
Male: 38, A2; 43, Mxp.


Species Copilia mediterranea - Plate 5 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.50 , Fig.27 ]. As Copilia denticulata.
Male: 27, exopod of P1.


Species Copilia mediterranea - Plate 6 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 50, Fig.31 ]. As Copilia oblonga.
Male: 31, A2.


Species Copilia mediterranea - Plate 7 of morphological figuresissued from : C. Lehnhofer in Wiss. Ergebn. dt. Tiefsee-Exped. ''Valdivia'', 1926, 23 (1). [p.137, Textfig.14].
Female: 1, habitus (dorsal); 2, urosome (dorsal); 3, A2 (segment 3); 4, P4.


Species Copilia mediterranea - Plate 8 of morphological figuresissued from : C. Lehnhofer in Wiss. Ergebn. dt. Tiefsee-Exped. ''Valdivia'', 1926, 23 (1). [p.128, Textfig.6].
Male: 1, A2; 2, A2 (detail of segment 3); 3, distal end of segment 4 of A2; 4, Mxp.

Compl. Ref.:
Rose, 1925 (p.153); Massuti Alzamora, 1942 (p.105, Rem.); Sewell, 1948 (p.394); V.N. Greze, 1963 a (tabl.2); Duran, 1963 (p.26); Giron-Reguer, 1963 (p.60); Björnberg, 1963 (p.90, Rem.); De Decker, 1964 (p.15, 21, 28); De Decker & Mombeck, 1964 (p.12); Pavlova, 1966 (p.45); Shmeleva, 1965 b (p.1350, lengths-volume -weight relation); Neto & Paiva, 1966 (p.35, Table III); Chakroun, 1966 (p.67, Tableau); Mazza, 1966 (p.74); 1967 (p.367); Ehrhardt, 1967 (p.743, geographic distribution, Rem.); Evans, 1968 (p.12); Dowidar El-Maghraby, 1970 (p.267); Deevey, 1971 (p.224); Apostolopoulou, 1972 (p.329, 380); Boxshall, 1977 b (p.557); Tranter, 1977 (p.596, 599); Deevey & Brooks, 1977 (p.156, tab.2, Station "S"); Vaissière & Séguin, 1980 (p.23, tab.2); Vives, 1982 (p.296); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.86); Scotto di Carlo & al., 1984 (p.1044); Jansa, 1985 (p.108, Tabl.I, II, III, IV); Lozano Soldevilla & al., 1988 (p.61); Lozano, 1991 (p.174); Seguin & al., 1993 (p.23); Böttger-Schnack, 1997 (p.409); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.89, 104); Gilabert & Moreno, 1998 (tab.1, 2); Moraitou-Apostolopoulou & al., 2000 (tab.I); Zerouali & Melhaoui, 2002 (p.91, Tableau I); Vukanic, 2003 (p.139, tab.1); Daly Yahia & al., 2004 (p.366, fig.4); Lo & al., 2004 (p.89, tab.1); Isari & al., 2006 (p.241, tab.II); Khelifi-Touhami & al., 2007 (p.327, Table 1); C.-Y. Lee & al., 2009 (p.151, Tab.2); Williamson & McGowan, 2010 (p.273, Table 3, Pacific central gyres: N and S); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.429); Andersen N.G. & al., 2011 (p.71, Fig.3: abundance); Salah S. & al., 2012 (p.155, Tableau 1); Belmonte & al., 2013 (p.222, Table 2, abundance vs stations); Benedetti & al., 2016 (p.159, Table I, fig.1, functional characters)
NZ: 10

Distribution map of Copilia mediterranea by geographical zones
Species Copilia mediterranea - Distribution map 3issued from : C. Lehnhofer in Wiss. Ergebn. dt. Tiefsee-Exped. ''Valdivia'', 1926, 23 (1). [p.162, Textfig.27].
Zoogeographical distribution of C. mediterranea.
Loc:
South Africa (E), off W Namibia, SW Atlant., Angola (Baia Farta), G. of Guinea, Cape Verde Is., Canary Is., Cap Ghir (Morocco), off Madeira, Brazil, off Amazon, Barbada Is., Sargasso Sea, off Bermuda (Station "S"), Medit. (Alboran Sea, Algiers, Gulf of Annaba, Castellon, Baleares, Banyuls, Ligurian Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea, Strait of Messina, Gulf of Taranto, Malta, Tripoli, N & S Adriatic Sea, Ionian Sea, Aegean Sea, Lebanon Basin, Alexandria), G. of Oman, Arabian Sea, Maldive Is., Indian, Bay of Bengal, W Australia, Viet-Nam, China Seas (East China Sea), Taiwan (N: Mienhua Canyon, NW), Japan (off Honshu), Pacif. (tropical), Pacific (central gyres: N and S)
N: 71
Lg.:
(46) F: 3,8-3,4; M: 5,2-4,2; (180) M: 5,4-5,1; (237) F: 4,0; M: 5,5; (703) F: 4,4-3,2; M: 6,1-4,5; (786) F: 4,16-2,85; M: 6,2-5,2; (794) ? F: 4,2-1,6; M: 6; {F: 2,85-4,40; M: 4,20-6,20}
Rem.: Epi-mesopelagic. Overall depth Range in Sargasso Sea: 0-1000 m (Deevey & Brooks, 1977, Station "S");
After Björnberg (1963, p.90) this species is rare, registered in very saline, under 21.3°C surface waters.
Last update : 20/02/2018
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Razouls C., Desreumaux N., Kouwenberg J. and de Bovée F., 2005-2021. - Biodiversity of Marine Planktonic Copepods (morphology, geographical distribution and biological data). Sorbonne University, CNRS. Available at http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr/en [Accessed October 25, 2021]

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