Species Card of Copepod
Calanoida ( Order )
    Arietelloidea ( Superfamily )
        Arietellidae ( Family )
            Paramisophria ( Genus )
Paramisophria aegypti  Zagami, Bonanzinga & Costanzo, 2019   (F,M)
Zagami & al., 2019 (p.'273, Descr.F, M, figs. F, M, Rem.)
Species Paramisophria aegypti - Plate 1 of morphological figuresIssued from : G. Zagami, V. Bonanzingua & G. Costanzo in J. Nat. Hist., 2019, 53 (5-6). [p.276, Fig.2].
Male (from 27.4337°N, 34.1510°E): a, habitus (dorsal); b, left A1; c, right A1.

Nota male:
- Body symmetrical.
- Rostrum with a pair of filaments on tip (identical to P. mediterranea.
- Cepghalosome and 1st pedigerous somite separate, 4th and 5th somites completely fused, with dorso-lateral process and rounded postero-lateral lobe. Shape of pediger 5 with its process and lobe identical to P. sinjinensis.
- Urosome 5-segmented.
- Caudal rami symmetrical, about 1.8 times longer than wide, armed with 7 setae.
- A1 strongly asymmetrical; left longer than rigght one. Left A1 18-segmented with geniculation between segments 17 (XX) and 18 (XXI-XXVIII). Right A1 21-segmented.

Species Paramisophria aegypti - Plate 2 of morphological figuresIssued from : G. Zagami, V. Bonanzingua & G. Costanzo in J. Nat. Hist., 2019, 53 (5-6). [p.277, Fig.3].
Male: a, A2; b, Md; c, Mx1; d, Mx2; e, Mxp.

A2 with coxa without setae; bais with inner terminal seta; endopod 2-segmented; exopod7-segmented indistinctly, 1st and 2nd segments without setae, 3rd to5th segments with 1, 2, 1 setae, respectively, 6th segment with 1 medial ,seta, 7th segment bearing 2 distal setae.
- Md: gnathobase bearing 4 sharp teeth, 2 short processes and 2 distal patches of spinules. Palp with basis bearing a row of setules on outer margin; endopod reduced with 2 setae; exopod 5-segmented, 2nd segment longest, armature formula: 1, 1, 1, 1, 2.
Mx1: praecoxal arthrite bearing 4 stout soines plus 1 reduced spine-like process; coxal endite without setae, coxal epipodite bearing 8 setae; basis without endites; endopod 1-segmented with 2 unequal setae, distally; exopod incorporated into basis, with 3 distal long setae.
Mx2: praecoxa and coxa partially fused to form syncoxa. Proximal praecoxal endite with 1 seta, distal enditewith 2 setae. Coxal endites each with 2 setae. Basis bearing 1 stout spine on medial margin. Endopod with 8 stout pectinate setae.
Mxp: syncoxa bearing 1 medial and 2 subdistal setae. Basis partially fused to 1st endopodal segment, ornamented with patch of spinules and armed with 2 basal setae and 1 endopodal seta. Endopod 5-segmented , armature formula 4, 4, 3, 3, 4.

Species Paramisophria aegypti - Plate 3 of morphological figuresIssued from : G. Zagami, V. Bonanzingua & G. Costanzo in J. Nat. Hist., 2019, 53 (5-6). [p.279, Fig.4].
Male: a, P1; b, P2; c, P4; d, P5.

P5 asymmetrical. Coxae and intercoxal sclerite unarmed. Right leg uniramous; basis with 1 short seta about mid-length and inner margin produced into prominent lobe; exopod 3-segmented, 1st segment with distal outer margin produced into elongate lobe bearing terminal seta; 2nd segment with 1 subdistal seta on outer margin; 3rd segment elongated with 2 unequal setae and 1 long and stout terminal process completely incorporated into segment. Ledt leg biramous; basis bearing 1 stout plumose seta; endopod short reaching tip of 1st exopodal segment; exopd 3-segmented, 1st segment with terminal seta; 2nd segment with subdistal seta on outer margin; 3rd segment very reduced with 2 equal outer setules, shorter and thinner than right counterpart ones, and 1 long and stout inner process completely incorporated into segment.

Species Paramisophria aegypti - Plate 4 of morphological figuresIssued from : G. Zagami, V. Bonanzingua & G. Costanzo in J. Nat. Hist., 2019, 53 (5-6). [p.278].
Male and female: Spine (Roman numerals) and seta (Arabic numerals) formula of the swimming legs P1 to P4.

Species Paramisophria aegypti - Plate 5 of morphological figuresIssued from : G. Zagami, V. Bonanzingua & G. Costanzo in J. Nat. Hist., 2019, 53 (5-6). [p.280, Fig.5].
Female (paratype): a, habitus (dorsal); b, genital double-somite (ventral view; copulatory pore indicated by arrow; c, left A1; d, P5.

Nota female:
- Body shape similar to male.
- Urosome 4-segmented.
- Oral parts and remaining legs as described in male.
- Genital double-somite asymmetrical, with a pair of ventrolateral gonopores; single copulatory pore located on right side, nearly the middle part of somite.
- Left A1 21-segmented. Right A1 as in male except for absence of aesthetasc on segment 2 (IV).
- P5 asymmetrical. Coxa and intercoxal sclerite fused to form unarmed segment. Basis end endopod completely fused, outer seta on basis more developed and plumose in left leg than naked right one; endopodal lobe with long plumose seta and acute process terminally. Exopod 1-segmented,elongated, about 3.4 times longer than wide, bearing 3 short spines along outer margin, 1 long distal spine, and 1 short subdistal spine on inner margin; distal spine about 12.8 times longer than subdistal spine; stout process between terminal spine and subdistal inner soine.

NZ: 1

Distribution map of Paramisophria aegypti by geographical zones
N Red Sea (Ras Mohamed)

Type locality: 27.4337° N, 34.1510° E.
N: 1
(1234) F: 1,05- 1,09; M:: 1,00-1,03; [F: 1,05-1,09; M: 1,00-1,03]
Rem.: Collected from the sandy bottom of a fissure (3-5 m deep) connected with the sea. For Zagami & al. (2019, p.281) this species appears closely related to P. ammophila and P. platysoma, with which it shares the following combination of characters:
- 4th and 5th pedigerous somites completely fused wit dorsolateral processes and rounded postero-lateral lobes;
- Male left P5 with short endopod.- Both 3rd exopodal segments of the male P5 carry a long a stout terminal process completely incorporated into segment.
This combination of characters is unique among Paramisophria species.
Last update : 02/12/2019
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Razouls C., Desreumaux N., Kouwenberg J. and de Bovée F., 2005-2023. - Biodiversity of Marine Planktonic Copepods (morphology, geographical distribution and biological data). Sorbonne University, CNRS. Available at http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr/en [Accessed January 28, 2023]

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