Species Card of Copepod
Calanoida ( Order )
    Lucicutiidae ( Family )
        Lucicutia ( Genus )
Lucicutia wolfendeni  Sewell, 1932   (F,M)
Syn.: Lucicutia grandis : Wolfenden, 1904 (p.121, figs.F); 1905 a (p.8, figs.M); 1911 (p.315, figs.F); van Breemen, 1908 a (p.114, figs.F,M); Cépède, 1914 a (p.151); Sars, 1925 (p.208, figs.F,M); Farran, 1926 (p.278: juv.); 1929 (p.209, 264); Wilson, 1932 a (p.128, figs.F,M); Rose, 1933 a (p.193, figs.F,M); Jespersen, 1934 (p.104); Brodsky, 1950 (1967) (p.328, figs.F,M); Vervoort, 1957 (p.131); Grice, 1963 a (p.496); Vaissière & Séguin, 1980; Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.84); Hernandez & Suarez-Moralez, 1994 (p.169, fig.)
Sewell, 1932 (p.289, Rem.); Vervoort, 1957 (p.130, Rem.); Tanaka, 1963 (p.46, figs.F,M, Rem.); Hülsemann, 1966 (p.738, figs.F,M); Heptner, 1971 (p.146, fig.); Séret, 1979 (p.144, figs.F,M); Björnberg & al., 1981 (p.648, figs.F,M); Razouls, 1994 (p.157, figs.F,M); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.830: tab.5); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.883, 945, figs.F,M); Boxshall & Halsey, 2004 (p.133: F; p.134: M); Markhaseva & Ferrari, 2005 (p.1091, figs.F,M), Rem.); Vives & Shmeleva, 2007 (p.348, figs.F,M, Rem.)
Species Lucicutia wolfendeni - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : W Vervoort in B.A.N.Z. Antarctic Research Expedition, ,Rep.-Ser. B. III, 1957 Copepods. [Fig.121].
Male (from 65°08'S, 80°58'E): a, left P1 (anterior aspect); b, left P2 (posterior aspect); c, left P4 (posterior aspect); d, P5 (lt: left, rt: right).

Species Lucicutia wolfendeni - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from : O. Tanaka in Publs Seto Mar. Biol. Lab., 1963, XI (1). [p.47, Fig.171].
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, forehead (left lateral side); c, last thoracic segment and genital somite (left lateral side); d, rostrum (dorsal view); e, masticatory edge of Md; f, P1; g, P5.
Nota: The urosome segments and furca are in the proportional lengths as 23:14:8:12:43 = 100

Male: h, P5.
Nota: The urosome segments and furca are in the proportional lengths as 11:14:12:10:10:43 = 100.

Species Lucicutia wolfendeni - Plate 3 of morphological figuresIssued from : G.O. Sars in Résult. Camp. Scient. Prince Albert I, 69, pls.1-127 (1924). [Pl.LVI, figs.1-14]. As Lucicutia grandis.
Female: 1, habitus (dorsal); 2, idem (lateral left side); 3, rostrum (frontal view); 4, A2; 5, Md; 6, Mx1; 7, Mx2; 8, Mxp; 9, P1; 10, P2; 11, P5; 12, anal segment and caudal rami (dorsal).

Male: 13, habitus (dorsal); 14, P5.

Species Lucicutia wolfendeni - Plate 4 of morphological figuresIssued from : K.A. Brodskii in Calanoida of the Far Eastern Seas and Polar Basin of the USSR. Opred. Fauna SSSR, 1950, 35 (Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem, 1967) [p.329, Fig.227]. As Lucicutia grandis.
Female (from NW Pacif.): habitus (dorsal and lateral left side); R, rostrum; S1, P1; S5, P5.

Male: habitus (dorsal); S5, P5 (Le = left leg; Ri = right leg).

Brodsky notes some difference in the structure of P5 as described by Gisbrecht in grandis , between specimens from the equatorial part of the Pacific and those from Atlantic and Antarctic. In specimens from the latter two regions the 2nd badsipod of P5 male is not swollen and lacks denticles.

Species Lucicutia wolfendeni - Plate 5 of morphological figuresIssued from : K. Hülsemann in Bull. Mar. Sc., 1966, 16 (4). [p.716, Figs.50-51].
Female: 50, urosome (lateral right side).

51, Male: urosome (dorsal).

Species Lucicutia wolfendeni - Plate 6 of morphological figuresIssued from : K. Hülsemann in Bull. Mar. Sc., 1966, 16 (4). [p.718, Fig.73].
Female: 73, head (dorsal).

Species Lucicutia wolfendeni - Plate 7 of morphological figuresIssued from : K. Hülsemann in Bull. Mar. Sc., 1966, 16 (4). [p.720, Fig.78].
Female: 78, urosome (dorsal).
Nota: Anal segment as long as preceding segment. Furca shorter than abdomen.

Species Lucicutia wolfendeni - Plate 8 of morphological figuresIssued from : K. Hülsemann in Bull. Mar. Sc., 1966, 16 (4). [p.724, Fig.102].
Male: 102, P5.
Nota: Inner margin of basipodite 2 of right P5 straight, slightly protruded on inner proximal corner.

Species Lucicutia wolfendeni - Plate 9 of morphological figuresissued from : M.V. Heptner in Trudy. Inst. Okeanol., 1971, 92. [p.135, Fig.30, 7].
Female: 7, spine-like on outer margin of P1.

Species Lucicutia wolfendeni - Plate 10 of morphological figuresissued from : R.N. Wolfenden in Die Marinen Copepoden der Deutschen Südpolar-Expedition 1901-1903, 1911. [p.316, Fig.58]. As Lucicutia grandis.
Female (from Antarctic continent): a, habitus (dorsal); b, posterior part cephalothorax and urosome (lateral).

Species Lucicutia wolfendeni - Plate 11 of morphological figuresissued from : E.L. Markhaseva & F.D. Ferrari in J. Nat. Hist., 2005, 39 (15). [p.1092, Fig.8].
Female: A, anterior part of cephalosome (dorsal); B-C, urosome (dorsal); D-F, urosome (lateral, right side); G-I, rostrum (anterior); J, P5.
Scale bars: 0.1 mm.
From South-eastern Pacific Ocean (57°06'S, 78°56'W): A, C, F, I, J. From North-western Pacific Ocean (off Kamchatka): B, D. From South-eastern Pacific Ocean64°45'S, 114°22'W): E, H. From 56°06'S, 79°04'W: G.

Nota : A1 exceeding caudal rami by 2 or 3 segments Cephalosome with small triangular or rounded lateral protrusions, sometimes lateral sides are nearly smooth. Rostral rami widely spaced, tips occasionally convergent. Genital double-somite with oval-elongate plug. Anal somite shorter than two preceding somites together, dorsal side only slightly swollen. Caudal rami in dorsal view 2.9-3.1 times longer than anal somite and 8 times longer than wide. Medial seta of exopod 2 of P5 attenuate, very thin at tip.

Species Lucicutia wolfendeni - Plate 12 of morphological figuresissued from : E.L. Markhaseva & F.D. Ferrari in J. Nat. Hist., 2005, 39 (15). [p.1093, Fig.9].
Male: A, anterior part of cephalosome (dorsal); B, posterior corners of prosome and urosome (dorsal); C, same (lateral, left side); DA1 (segments 15-17); E, A1 (segments 18-21); F, left P5; G, right P5.
Scale bars: 0.1 mm.
From South-eastern Pacific Ocean (57°06'S, 78°56'W): A-E. From North-western Pacific Ocean (off Kamchatka): F, G.

Nota : A1 21-segmented (18th segment is the longest) exceeding caudal rami by 2 or 3 segments. Lateral sides of cephalosome without pointed protrusions. 1st exopodal segment of right P5 as long as or slightly longer than the 2nd exopodal segment ; 2nd endopodal segment without hairs ; basipod with medial projection ; basipod of left P5 medial-distally with moderate projection with marginal teeth, exopodal segment 3 elogate oval-triangular.
P5 from the north-western Pacific Ocean and Southern Ocean identical in structure.

Species Lucicutia wolfendeni - Plate 13 of morphological figures
R. Stephen, 2007 : Data sheets of NIO, Kochi, India (on line).
Female (from Indian Ocean): a, habitus (dorsal); b, head (lateral); c, last thoracic segment and genital segment (left side); d, rostrum; e, Md (biting blade); f, P1; g, P5.

Male: h, P5.

Nota: The present specimen female differs slightly from that of sars' in the proportional length of A1 and in proportional length of the inner edge spine of the 2nd sefgment of the exopod to the 3rd segment of the exopod in the P5. The male specimen though differs slightly from that described by Sars in the proportional lengths of the abdominal segments and caudal rami, has P5 quite similar in the structure to that figured by Sars.

Species Lucicutia wolfendeni - Plate 14 of morphological figuresLucicutia wolfendeni female: 1 - Characters following not combined : Prosome about 3 times longer than urosome. Cephalosome with slightly projecting and rounded anterior corners and well developed lateral spinous projections; anal somite about as long as wide; caudal rami 11.7 times longer than wide and bowed outwards at base, leaving elliptical space between rami proximally.
2 - P1 with 3-segmented endopod.
3 - Cephalosome with 1 pair lateral spinous projections.
4 - Genital double-somite symmetrical (dorsal view).
5 - Anal somite much shorter than caudal ramus.
6 - P5 with 3-segmented endopod.
7 - Characters not combined between distal 3 to 4 segments of A1 reaching beyond tip of caudal ramus and body length less than 3mm.
8 - Cephalosome with 1 pair of rounded lateral projections.
9 - Anal somite as long as preceding somite; caudal rami shorter than urosome.

Species Lucicutia wolfendeni - Plate 15 of morphological figuresLucicutia wolfendeni male:
1 - P1 with 3-segmented endopod.
2 -Cephalosome with 1 pair of small rounded lateral projections.
3 - A1 reaching to midlength of caudal rami.
4 - Caudal rami short, between 50 and 67 % as long as urosomal somites.
5 - Inner margin of basis of right P5 straight, slightly protruding on inner proximal corner.

Species Lucicutia wolfendeni - Plate 16 of morphological figuresIssued from : C. Séret in Thesis 3ème Cycle, UPMC, Paris 6. 1979 [Pl. XXXVII, Figs.243-245].
Female (from 56°S, 70°E): 243, habitus (dorsal); 244, last thoracic segment and urosome (lateral).

Male: 245, P5 (D = right leg; G = left leg).

Nota: Aftre Tanaka (1963) and Hulsemann (1966) the basis of right P5 male shows a proximal inner prominence missing in the sample of Kerguelen.

Species Lucicutia wolfendeni - Plate 17 of morphological figuresIssued from : C. Razouls in Ann. Inst. océanogr., Paris, 1994, 70 (1). [p.157]. Caractéristiques morphologiques de Lucicutia wolfendeni femelle et mâle adultes.
Terminologie et abbréviations: voir à Calanus propinquus.

Compl. Ref.:
Grice & Hulsemann, 1967 (p.18); 1968 (tab.2); Björnberg, 1973 (p.344, 387); Harding, 1974 (p.141, tab.2, gut contents); Deevey & Brooks, 1977 (p.256, tab.2, Station "S"); Hopkins, 1985 (p.197, Table 1, gut contents); Heptner, 1986 (p.53); Hopkins & Torres, 1988 (tab.1); Madhupratap & Haridas, 1990 (p.305, fig.3: vertical distribution night/day; fig.7: cluster); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.70); Razouls & al., 2000 (p.343, tab. 5, Appendix); Schnack-Schiel & al., 2008 (p.1045: Tab.2); Neumann-Leitao & al., 2008 (p.799: Tab.II, fig.6); Park & Ferrari, 2009 (p.143, Table 4, Appendix 1, biogeography); Bonecker & a., 2014 (p.445, Table II: frequency, horizontal & vertical distributions); Bode & al., 2015 (p.268, Table 2, figs.3, 4, chemical components, trophic level);
NZ: 16

Distribution map of Lucicutia wolfendeni by geographical zones
Species Lucicutia wolfendeni - Distribution map 4issued from : W. Vervoort in B.A.N.Z. Antarctic Reseach Expedition, Reports - Ser. B, Vol. III, 1957 [Fig.124]
Chart showing the geographical distribution (white triangle) in the seas surrounding the Antarctic continent.
Nota: In this chart the area frequented by whaling vessels has been hatched. The Antarctic circle (66°.5 S) has been drawn as a broken line. The numbers I to VI refer to the sectors into which the Antarctic seas are divided according to Mackintosh (1942) (after Vervoort, 1951).
Species Lucicutia wolfendeni - Distribution map 5Issued from : C. Séret in Thesis 3ème Cycle, UPMC, Paris 6. 1979, Annexe. [p.47].
Geographical occurrences of Lucicutia wolfendeni in the Indian Ocean and Antarctic zone. [after publications from: Brady, 1883, 1918; Thompson, 1900; Wolfenden, 1908, 1911; With , 1915; Rosendorn, 1917; Farran, 1929; Sewell, 1929, 1947; Brady & Gunther, 1935; Steuer, 1929, 1392, 1933; Ommaney, 1936; Vervoort, 1957; Tanaka, 1960; Brodsky, 1964; Seno, 1966; Andrews, 1966; Grice & Hulsemann, 1967; Seno, 1966; Frost & Fleminger, 1968; Voronina, 1970; Zverva, 1972].

Nota: C. Séret notes the occurrence at station 56°S, 70°E.
Species Lucicutia wolfendeni - Distribution map 6Issued from : M. Madhupratap & P. Haridas in J. Plankton Res., 12 (2). [p.310, Fig.3].
Vertical distribution of calanoid copepod (mean +1 SE), abundance No/100 m3. 15- Lucicutia wolfendeni.
Night: shaded, day: unshaded.
Samples collected from 6 stations located off Cochin (India), SE Arabian Sea, November 1983, with a Multiple Closing Plankton Net (mesh aperture 300 µm), in vertical hauls at 4 depth intervalls (0-200, 200-400, 400-600, 600-1000 m).
Antarct. (Peninsula, Weddell Sea, Indian, SW Pacif.), sub-Antarct. (SE Pacif., S Kerguelen Is.), SW Atlant., Brazil (off Rio de Janeiro), off Tristan da Cunha, Ascension Is., Canary Is., off Bermuda (Station "S"), Sargasso Sea, off E Cape Cod, Woods Hole, Labrador Sea, Bay of Biscay, Ireland, Ibero-moroccan Bay, W Medit. (Tyrrhenian Sea), Indian, China Seas (South China Sea), Japan (Izu), Kuril Is., Okhotsk Sea, E Pacif., off Juan Fernandez Is., Chile
N: 37
(1) F: 8,2; (10) F: 6,5; (21) F: 9,8-6; M: 8,3-6; (23) F: 8,75-7,65; M: 7,5-7; (25) F: 9,4; (26) F: 7,64; M: 6,93; (35) F: 6,84; (45) F: 6,5-6; M: 6-5,5; (246) F: 7,22; 5,96; M: 6,39; (929) F: 6,5-7,7; M: 5,7; (1068) F: 7,64; M: 6,93; {F: 5,96-9,80; M: 5,50-8,30}
Rem.: bathy & abyssopelagic (750-4000 m).
Sampling depth (Antarct., sub-Antarct.) : 500-1000-3000 m. Sargasso Sea: 500-2000 m (Deevey & Brooks, 1977, Station "S"); 2000-1000 m (Harding, 1974).
See remarks in Markhaseva & Ferrari (2005, p.1079) for Lucicutia grandis.
Strong index of carnivory (after Bode & al., 2015).
Last update : 19/11/2020
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