Fiche d'espèce de Copépode
Calanoida ( Ordre )
    Spinocalanoidea ( Superfamille )
        Spinocalanidae ( Famille )
            Spinocalanus ( Genre )
Spinocalanus abyssalis  Giesbrecht, 1888   (F,M)
Syn.: no Spinocalanus abyssalis : Sars, 1903 (p.157, figs.M); With, 1915 (p.69); Jespersen, 1934 (p.51); 1940 (p.16);
S. brevicaudatus (part) Brodsky, 1950 (1967) (p.136);
no S. abyssalis pygmaeus Farran, 1926 (p.246); 1936 a (p.85); ? Hardy & Gunther, 1935 (1936) (p.156, Rem.); Grice, 1963 a (p.495);
S. abyssalis pygmaeus : Farran & Vervoort, 1951 g (part., n° 39, p.3, figs.F); Hopkins, 1985 (p.197, Table 1, gut contents: herbivorous);
S. parabyssalis Park, 1970 (part., p.483, figs.M, no F);
? S. major Esterly,1906 (p.55);
Spinocalanus abyssalis Tanaka, 1937 (part., p.253, figs.M, non F); Brodsky, 1950 (1967) (part., p.132, fig.M, no F)
Ref.:
Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.209, Descr.F, figs.F); Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.31); Farran, 1908 b (p.27, Rem.); Lysholm & Nordgaard, 1921 (p.10); ? Sars, 1925 (p.28); Farran, 1926 (part., p.242, Rem.); 1929 (part., p.227: small forms: F: 1,2-1,18); Lysholm & al., 1945 (p.11); Vervoort, 1946 (p.147, Rem.); Brodsky, 1950 (1967) (p.130, figs.F); Vervoort, 1951 (p.70, Rem.); ? 1957 (p.40, Rem.); ? Tanaka, 1956 c (p.389); ? 1960 (p.36); Vives, 1967 (p.551, fig.M); Grice & Hulsemann, 1965 (p.229, fig.F); Vaupel-Klein, 1970 (p.4, 10); Park, 1970 (p.475, 481, figs.F; Rem.: p.482); ? Minoda, 1971 (p.22); ? Bradford, 1971 b (p.17, figs.F,M); Grice, 1971 (p.275, 280, figs.F: I-J); Minoda, 1971 (part., p.22); Roe, 1975 (p.298, figs.M, Rem. M); Damkaer, 1975 (part., p.17, figs.F, Rem.F, no M); Brodsky & al., 1983 (p.250, figs.F,M, Rem.); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.878, 914, figs.F,M); Vives & Shmeleva, 2007 (p.833, figs.F,M, Rem.); Blanco-Bercial & al., 2011 (p.103, Table 1, Biol. mol, phylogeny)
Espèce Spinocalanus abyssalis - Planche 1 de figures morphologiquesissued from : Brodsky K.A., Vyshkvartseva N.V., Kos M.S. & Markhaseva E.L. in Opred. Faune SSSR, 1983, 135. [p.251, Fig.114].
Female.


Espèce Spinocalanus abyssalis - Planche 2 de figures morphologiquesissued from : D.M. Damkaer in NOAA Technical Report NMFS CIRC-391, Seattle, 1975. [p.18, Fig.4-10; p.63, Fig.148].
Female: 4, habitus (dorsal); 5, idem (left lateral side); 6, Mxp; 7, P1; 8, P2; 9, P3; 10, P4; 148, terminal segments of A1.


Espèce Spinocalanus abyssalis - Planche 3 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : T. S. Park in Bull. Mar. Sc., 1970, 20 (2). [p.]480, Figs.13-22].
Female: 13, habitus (dorsal); 14, idem (lateral left side); 15, A2; 16, Md; 17, Mx1; 18, Mxp; 19, P1 (anterior); 20, P2 (posterior); 21, P3 (posterior); 22, P4 (2nd and 3rd exopod segments broken off), posterior.
Nota: A2 7-segmented (1st segment with or without a seta, 2nd segment with 3 setae, and 3rd to 6th segments each with a seta. Md: basis with 4 setae and some patches of stiff hairs. Mxp with a comb of spines on basis.


Espèce Spinocalanus abyssalis - Planche 4 de figures morphologiquesissued from : G.D. Grice & K. Hulsemann in J. Zool., 1965, 146. [p.230, Fig.7, a].
Female (from NE Atlant.): a, habitus (lateral left side).


Espèce Spinocalanus abyssalis - Planche 5 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : T. S. Park in Bull. Mar. Sc., 1970, 20 (2). [p.486, Figs.34-42]. As Spinocalanus parabyssalis.
Male (from Caribbean Sea): 34, habitus (dorsal); 35, idem (lateral left side); 36, P5 (posterior).
Nota: Prosome about twice as long as urosome. 2nd urosomal segment about 1.5 times as long as the 3rd. Exopod of right P5 reaching middle of 2nd segment of exopod of left P5; right endopod longer than left endopod.


Espèce Spinocalanus abyssalis - Planche 6 de figures morphologiquesissued from : G.D. Grice in Cah. Biol. Mar., 1971, XII. [p.278, Fig.3 I-J].
Female (from Medit.): I, habitus (lateral left side); J, Mxp (coxa and basis).


Espèce Spinocalanus abyssalis - Planche 7 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 36, Fig.49];
Female: abdomen (lateral, right side).


Espèce Spinocalanus abyssalis - Planche 8 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 13, Fig.42];
Female: 42, Md (mandibular blade).


Espèce Spinocalanus abyssalis - Planche 9 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.13, Fig. 43].
Female: 43, Mx1 (anterior view).
B = basipod; Re = exopod; Ri : endopod; Li = inner lobe; Le = outer lobe.


Espèce Spinocalanus abyssalis - Planche 10 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 13, Figs.45, 47, 48 ].
Female: 45, Md (mandibular palp); 47, Mxp (anterior view); 48, Mx2 (posterior view).
B = basipod; Ri = endopod; L = lobe; S = seta.


Espèce Spinocalanus abyssalis - Planche 11 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 13, Figs.44, 46 ].
Female: 44, P4 (posterior view); 46, P1 (anterior view).
Si = inner seta; se = outer seta; St = terminal seta.; B = basipod; Ri3 = 3rd segment of endopod.


Espèce Spinocalanus abyssalis - Planche 12 de figures morphologiquesissued from : H.S.J. Roe in Bull. Br. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Zool., London, 1975, 28 (7). [p.299, Fig.1, a-j];
Male (Cape verde Islands): a, base of A1; b, A2; c, Md; d, Mx2; e, Mxp; f, P1; g, P2; h, P3; i, P4; ; j, P5.
Bar scale 0.1 mm unless indicated.
Nota : No rostrum.
A1 19-segmented (basal eught segments with large flattened sensory filaments, 1st segment with a small group of spines, reaches to about halfway along the 2nd abdominal segment.
Cephalothorax arched dorsally, 1.7 times as long as the 5-segmented abdomen.
head and 1st thoracic segment fused, 4th and 5th partially fused.
2rd thoracic segment has protruding corners in dorsal view.
Anal segment very short, telescoped into the 4th abdominal segment.
P5 reaches back to the hind edge of the 2nd abdominal segment.


Espèce Spinocalanus abyssalis - Planche 13 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : J.M. Bradford in N.Z. Oceanogr. Inst., 1971, 206, Part 8, No 59. [p.17, Figs.24, 25].
Female (from Ross Sea): 24, basipod 1 and 2 of Mxp; 25, P2.
Scale bar: 100 µm.


Espèce Spinocalanus abyssalis - Planche 14 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : J.M. Bradford in N.Z. Oceanogr. Inst., 1971, 206, Part 8, No 59. [p.17, Fig.23].
Female (from Ross Sea): 23, P1.
Scale bar: 100 µm.


Espèce Spinocalanus abyssalis - Planche 15 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : J.M. Bradford in N.Z. Oceanogr. Inst., 1971, 206, Part 8, No 59. [p.17, Fig.24].
Female (from Ross Sea): Mxp (basipods 1 and 2).
Scale bar: 100 µm.


Espèce Spinocalanus abyssalis - Planche 16 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : J.M. Bradford in N.Z. Oceanogr. Inst., 1971, 206, Part 8, No 59. [p.17, Fig.22].
Male (from 71°15'S, 176°30'E): 22, P5.
Scale bar: 100 µm.


Espèce Spinocalanus abyssalis - Planche 17 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : J.M. Bradford in N.Z. Oceanogr. Inst., 1971, 206, Part 8, No 59. [p.17, Fig.27].
Male (from Ross Sea): 27, P1.
Scale bar: 10 µm.


Espèce Spinocalanus abyssalis - Planche 18 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : O. Tanaka in Japanese J. Zool., 1937, VII, 13. [p.254, Fig.4, e-d].
Male (from coast of Heda, Japan): d, Mxp; e, P5.

Nota: Cephalothorax: 1.14 mm; abdomen: 0.48 mm.
Frontal margin of the head contracted in the middle.
Head and 1st thoracic segment fused, 4th and 5th separated.
Abdomen 5-segmented.
A1 24-segmented.
P5 as With's figure.


Espèce Spinocalanus abyssalis - Planche 19 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : C. Razouls in Ann. Inst. océanogr., Paris, 1994, 70 (1). [p.58]. Caractéristiques morphologiques de Spinocalanus abyssalis femelle et mâle adultes.
Terminologie et abbréviations: voir à Calanus propinquus.

Ref. compl.:
Pearson, 1906 (p.10); Jespersen, 1939 (p.46, Rem., Table 25); Wilson, 1942 a (p.209); Sewell, 1948 (p.347, 495, 499, 545, 549, 559, 566, 568); ? C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.341); Gundersen, 1953 (p.1, 26, seasonal abundance, Fjords distribution); Østvedt, 1955 (p.14: Table 3), p.59; Minoda, 1958 (p.253, 255: occurrence); ? Fagetti, 1962 (p.16); V.N. Greze, 1963 a (tabl.2); M.W. Johnson, 1963 (p.89, Table 1, 2); Unterüberbacher, 1964 (p.20); Shmeleva, 1964 a (p.1068); Grice & Hulsemann, 1965 (p.223); Pavlova, 1966 (p.43); Furuhashi, 1966 a (p.295, vertical distribution vs mixing Oyashio/Kuroshio region, Table 10); Grice & Hulsemann, 1967 (p.14); Matthews, 1967 (p.159, Table 1, Rem.); Fleminger, 1967 a (tabl.1); Vinogradov, 1968 (1970) (p.258, 266); Deevey, 1971 (p.225); Roe, 1972 (p.277, tabl.1, tabl.2); 1972 a (p.331, Rem.); Björnberg, 1973 (p.322, 389); Harding, 1974 (p.141, tab. 3, gut contents); Vives & al., 1975 (p.35, tab.II, III); Deevey & Brooks, 1977 (p.256, tab.2, Station "S"); Vives, 1982 (p.290); Rudyakov, 1982 (p.208, Table 2); Kovalev & Schmeleva, 1982 (p.83); Roe, 1984 (p.356); Hopkins, 1985 (p.197, Table 1, gut contents); Lozano Soldevilla & al., 1988 (p.58); Ward & al., 1995 (p.195, Table 2); Errhif & al., 1997 (p.423); Kosobokova & al., 1998 (tab.2); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p.111); Razouls & al., 2000 (p.343, tab. 5, Appendix); Fernandez-Alamo & al., 2000 (p.1139, Appendix); Kosobokova & Hirche, 2000 (p.2029, tab.2); Holmes, 2001 (p.41); Sameoto & al., 2002 (p.13); Gaard & al., 2008 (p.59, Table1, N Atlantic Mid-Ridge); Galbraith, 2009 (pers. comm.); Park & Ferrari, 2009 (p.143, Table 4, Appendix 1); Schnack-Schiel & al., 2010 (p.2064, Table 2: E Atlantic subtropical/tropical); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.427); Medellin-Mora & Navas S., 2010 (p.265, Tab. 2); Dvoretsky & Dvoretsky, 2010 (p.991, Table 2); Andersen N.G. & al., 2011 (p.71, Fig.3: abundance); Michels & al., 2012 (p.369, Table 1, occurrence frequency); in CalCOFI regional list (MDO, Nov. 2013; M. Ohman, comm. pers.); Sano & al., 2013 (p.11, Table 6, Rem.: p.21, food habits); Benedetti & al., 2016 (p.159, Table I, fig.1, functional characters); Belmonte, 2018 (p.273, Table I: Italian zones)
NZ: 20

Carte de distribution de Spinocalanus abyssalis par zones géographiques
Loc:
Cosmopolite: Antarct. (Croker Passage, Peninsula, Weddell Sea, SW Atlant., Indian, SW Pacif., Ross Sea), sub-Antarct. (South Georgia, Indian, SE Pacif.), Caribbean Colombia, Sargasso Sea, off Bermuda: Station "S" (32°10'N, 64°30'W), off E Cape Cod, Atlant., Porcupine Bank, Barents Sea, Norwegian Sea, Akrefjord, Raunefjorden (rare), North Sea, Medit. (W Basin, Ligurian Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea, Adriatic Sea, Aegean Sea), Indian, Pacif., Kuroshio zone, Arct. (Polar Basin), Laptev Sea, Kejser Franz Joseph fjord (rare)
N: 97
Lg.:
(8) M: 1,22-1,06; (13) F: 1,32-0,85; ? (25) F: 2,2-1,7; M: 2,2-1,7; (31) F: 1,89-1,65; (38) F: 1,6-1,45; (47) F: 1,25-1,1; (88) M: 0,9; ? (102) F: 2-1; M: 1,9; (128) M: 1,62; (199) F: 1,6-0,83; (432) F: 1,5-1,2; (545) F: 1,3-1; {F: 0,83-1,98; M: 0,90-1,62}
Rem.: méso à bathypélagique.
Sampling depth (Antarct., sub-Antarct.) : 300-1000-2000 m.
Cette espèce semble présenter une migration nycthémérale inverse.
Certaines confusions existent entre cette espèce et S. brevicaudatus, S. terranovae; d’où une distribution géographique peu sûre.
Une différence peut être notée entre les figures de la P5 in Roe (1975) et Park (1970).
Voir aussi les remarques en anglais
Dernière mise à jour : 06/02/2020

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Razouls C., de Bovée F., Kouwenberg J. et Desreumaux N., 2005-2020. - Diversité et répartition géographique chez les Copépodes planctoniques marins. Sorbonne Université, CNRS. Disponible sur http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr [Accédé le 25 septembre 2020]

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