Fiche d'espèce de Copépode
Cyclopoida ( Ordre )
    Sapphirinidae ( Famille )
        Sapphirina ( Genre )
Sapphirina nigromaculata  Claus, 1863   (F,M)
Syn.: ? Sapphirina inaequalis : Brady, 1883 (p.124, figs.F,M);
S. lomae Esterly, 1905 (p.223, Descr.M, figs.M); in CalCOFI regional list (MDO, Nov. 2013; M. Ohman, comm. pers.);
? Sapphirina nigromaculata-scarlata : Björnberg, 1963 (p.88, Rem.);
Ref.:
Claus, 1863 (p.152, Descr.M, figs.M); Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.619, 643, 775, figs.F,M); Thompson & Scott, 1903 (p.240, 287); A. Scott, 1909 (p.256, Rem.); Wolfenden, 1911 (p.361); Pesta, 1912 a (p.60, fig.F); 1913 (p.34); 1920 (p.641, figs.F,M); Farran, 1926 (p.298, fig.F); 1929 (p.210, 289); Mori, 1929 (p.204, figs.M); Lehnhofer, 1929 (p.301, figs.F,M); Rose, 1929 (p.60); Wilson, 1932 a (p.372, figs.F,M); Rose, 1933 a (p.312, figs.F,M); Dakin & Colefax, 1933 (p.209); Farran, 1936 a (p.130); Mori, 1937 (1964) (p.129, figs.F,M); Dakin & Colefax, 1940 (p.109, figs.M); Lysholm & al., 1945 (p.43); Sewell, 1947 (p.267, no fig.M); Pucher, 1952 (p.101); Krishnaswamy, 1953 (p.73, Rem.); Marques, 1958 a (p.137, figs.F); Chiba & al., 1957 (p.310); 1957 a (p.12); Fish, 1962 (p.24); Crisafi & Mazza, 1966 (p.601, figs.F,M, Rem.); Saraswathy, 1966 (1967) (p.104); Owre & Foyo, 1967 (p.116, figs.F,M); Corral Estrada, 1970 (p.228, Rem.); Razouls, 1972 (p.95, Annexe: p.121); Chen & al., 1974 (p.47, figs.F,M); Marques, 1975 (p.52); 1976 (p.1003); Björnberg & al., 1981 (p.672, figs.F,M); Marques, 1982 (p.773); Zheng & al., 1982 (p.118, figs.F,M); Zheng Zhong & al., 1984 (1989) (p.264, figs.F,M); Chae & Nishida, 1994 (p.205, 208, integumental structure, pattern color); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.990, Pl.229: F,M); Boxshall, 1998 (p.230); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.887, 973, figs.F,M, p.876: chart); Al-Yamani & Prusova, 2003 (p.128, figs.F,M); Conway & al., 2003 (p.239, figs.F,M, Rem.); Boxshall & Halsey, 2004 (p.655); Avancini & al., 2006 (Pl. 108, figs.F,M); Vives & Shmeleva, 2010 (p.380, figs.F,M, Rem.); Al-Yamani & al., 2011 (p.110, figs.F,M)
Espèce Sapphirina nigromaculata - Planche 1 de figures morphologiquesissued from : Q.-c Chen & S.-z. Zhang & C.-s. Zhu in Studia Marina Sinica, 1974, 9. [Pl.10, Figs.9-10].
Female (from China Seas): 9, habitus (dorsal); 10, A2.


Espèce Sapphirina nigromaculata - Planche 2 de figures morphologiquesissued from : Q.-c Chen & S.-z. Zhang & C.-s. Zhu in Studia Marina Sinica, 1974, 9. [Pl.11, Figs.1-3].
Male: 1, habitus; 2, A2; 3, P2.


Espèce Sapphirina nigromaculata - Planche 3 de figures morphologiquesissued from : F.Y. Al-Yamani & I. Prusova in Common Copepods Northwestern Arabian Gulf : Identification Guide. Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, 2003. [p.129, Fig.49].
Female: A, habitus (dorsal); B, urosome (dorsal); C, A2; D, P4.

Male: E, habitus (dorsal); F, caudal rami; G, A2; H, endopod of P2.
Nota: Endopod 3 of P2 with 2 foliaceous spines and 1 spine with denticulate margin on the outer side only.


Espèce Sapphirina nigromaculata - Planche 4 de figures morphologiquesissued from : P. Crisafi & J. Mazza in Atti Soc. pelorit. Sci. fis. mat. nat., 1966, XII (3/4). [p.603, Fig.24].
Female (from Strait of Messina): habitus (dorsal).


Espèce Sapphirina nigromaculata - Planche 5 de figures morphologiquesissued from : P. Crisafi & J. Mazza in Atti Soc. pelorit. Sci. fis. mat. nat., 1966, XII (3/4). [p.603, Fig.25].
Male: A, habitus (dorsal); B, 3rd segment endopodite of P2.


Espèce Sapphirina nigromaculata - Planche 6 de figures morphologiquesissued from : Z. Zheng, S. Li, S.J. Li & B. Chen in Marine planktonic copepods in Chinese waters. Shanghai Sc. Techn. Press, 1982 [p.119, Fig.73].
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, caudal rami (dorsal); c, A2; d, P2; e, P4.

Male: f, habitus (dorsal); g, caudal rami (dorsal); h, A2; i, P2; j, endopod of P2; k, P4.

Scale bars in mm.


Espèce Sapphirina nigromaculata - Planche 7 de figures morphologiquesissued from : C.O. Esterly in Univ. Calif. Publs Zool., 1905, 2 (4). [p.223, Fig.60]. As Sapphirina lomae.
Male (from San Diego Region): a, Mxp; b, A1 (bristles omitted); c, 3rd segment of endopod of P2; d, A2.


Espèce Sapphirina nigromaculata - Planche 8 de figures morphologiquesissued from : T. Mori in Zool. Mag. Tokyo, 1929, 41 (486-487). [Pl. IX, Figs.3].
Male (from Chosen Strait, Korea-Japan): 3, habitus (dorsal).


Espèce Sapphirina nigromaculata - Planche 9 de figures morphologiquesissued from : T. Mori in Zool. Mag. Tokyo, 1929, 41 (486-487). [Pl. IX, Fig.13-16].
Male: 13, P4; 14, A1; 15, A2; 16, P2..


Espèce Sapphirina nigromaculata - Planche 10 de figures morphologiquesissued from : G.P. Farran in Biscayan Plankton collected during a Cruise of H.M.S. 'Research', 1900.- Part XIV. The Copepoda. (Linn. Journ. Zoology, XXXVI, 1926). [p.304, Pl.9, Fig.17].
Female: 17, habitus (dorsal).


Espèce Sapphirina nigromaculata - Planche 11 de figures morphologiquesissued from : T. Mori in The Pelagic copepoda from the neighbouring waters of Japan, 1937 (1964). [Pl. 70, Figs.7, 11-13].
Female: 7, habitus (dorsal); 11, caudal rami; 12, endopodite of P2; 13, A1.


Espèce Sapphirina nigromaculata - Planche 12 de figures morphologiquesissued from : T. Mori in The Pelagic copepoda from the neighbouring waters of Japan, 1937 (1964). [Pl. 70, Fig.8].
Male: 8, habitus (dorsal).


Espèce Sapphirina nigromaculata - Planche 13 de figures morphologiquesissued from : T. Mori in The Pelagic copepoda from the neighbouring waters of Japan, 1937 (1964). [Pl. 70, Figs.6, 9, 10, 14].
Male: 6, P4; 9, endopodite of P2; 10, A2; 14, A1.


Espèce Sapphirina nigromaculata - Planche 14 de figures morphologiquesissued from : C. Lehnhofer in Wiss. Ergebn. dt. Tiefsee-Exped. ''Valdivia'', 1929, 22 (5). [p.305, Fig.41].
Female: 1, A2.

Male: 2, A2; 3, endopodite 3 of P2 (anterior and posterior view, respectively).


Espèce Sapphirina nigromaculata - Planche 15 de figures morphologiquesissued from : C. Lehnhofer in Wiss. Ergebn. dt. Tiefsee-Exped. ''Valdivia'', 1929, 22 (5). [p.303, Fig.40, a-b].
Female: a-b, caudal rami.


Espèce Sapphirina nigromaculata - Planche 16 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.52, Figs.32, 35].
Female: 32, anal segment and caudal ramus (dorsal); 35, habitus (dorsal).


Espèce Sapphirina nigromaculata - Planche 17 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.53, Fig.13].
Female: 13, A1.:


Espèce Sapphirina nigromaculata - Planche 18 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.53, Figs.36, 48].
Female: 36, A2; 48, P4.


Espèce Sapphirina nigromaculata - Planche 19 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.54, Fig.40].
Female: 40, Mxp (posterior view).


Espèce Sapphirina nigromaculata - Planche 20 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.54, Fig.68].
Female: 68, Mx1.


Espèce Sapphirina nigromaculata - Planche 21 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.52, Fig.43].
Male: 43, habitus (dorsal).


Espèce Sapphirina nigromaculata - Planche 22 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.53, Fig.26].
Male: 26, A2.


Espèce Sapphirina nigromaculata - Planche 23 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.54, Figs.6, 37].
Male: 6, P2 (endopod); 37, Mxp.


Espèce Sapphirina nigromaculata - Planche 24 de figures morphologiquesissued from : Y. Al-Yamani, V. Skryabin, A. Gubanova, S. khvorov & I. Prusova in Marine Zooplankton Practical Guide for the Northwestern Arabian Gulf, 2, 2011. [p.111, Fig.255].
Female (from Kuwait): a, habitus (dorsal); b, urosome (dorsal).


Espèce Sapphirina nigromaculata - Planche 25 de figures morphologiquesissued from : Y. Al-Yamani, V. Skryabin, A. Gubanova, S. khvorov & I. Prusova in Marine Zooplankton Practical Guide for the Northwestern Arabian Gulf, 2, 2011. [p.111, Fig.256].
Male: a, habitus (dorsal); b, posterior part of urosome with caudal rami (dorsal).

Ref. compl.:
Cleve, 1904 a (p.196); Carl, 1907 (p.17); Rose, 1924 (p.10); 1925 (p.152); Massuti Alzamora, 1942 (p.104, Rem.); Wilson, 1942 a (p.206); Oliveira, 1945 (p.191); Wilson, 1950 (p.323); Duran, 1955 (p.52); Yamazi, 1958 (p.156, Rem.); Ganapati & Shanthakumari, 1962 (p.10, 16); Fagetti, 1962 (p.47); Duran, 1963 (p.26); Giron-Reguer, 1963 (p.59); Gaudy, 1963 (p.32, Rem.); V.N. Greze, 1963 a (tabl.2); De Decker, 1964 (p.16, 24, 27); De Decker & Mombeck, 1964 (p.13); Shmeleva, 1963 (p.141); M-O. Soyer, 1965 (1966) (p.243: parasite); Neto & Paiva, 1966 (p.34, Table III); Mazza, 1966 (p.74); 1967 (p.361, 377); Ehrhardt, 1967 (p.743, geographic distribution, Rem.); Evans, 1968 (p.14); Delalo, 1968 (p.139); Dowidar & El-Maghraby, 1970 (p.269); Deevey, 1971 (p.224); Subbaraju & Krishnamurphy, 1972 (p.25, 26 ); Binet & al., 1972 (p.71); Björnberg, 1973 (p.369, 389); Corral Estrada & Pereiro Muñoz, 1974 (tab.I); Vives & al., 1975 (p.57, tab.II, IV); Boxshall, 1977 b (p.558); Tranter, 1977 (p.596, 599); Dessier, 1979 (p.208); Chen Q-c, 1980 (p.795); Rajaram & Krishnaswamy, 1980 a (p.154); Vives, 1982 (p.296); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.86); Dessier, 1983 (p.89, Tableau 1, Rem., %); Guangshan & Honglin, 1984 (p.118, tab.); Scotto di Carlo & al., 1984 (p.1045); Tremblay & Anderson, 1984 (p.8, Rem.); Regner, 1985 (p.11, Rem.: p.42); Jansa, 1985 (p.108, Tabl.I, II, III, IV, V); Sazhina, 1985 a (p.491, tab.3); Brinton & al., 1986 (p.228, Table 1); M. Lefèvre, 1986 (p.33, 40); Renon, 1987 (tab.2); Jimenez-Perez & Lara-Lara, 1988; Lozano Soldevilla & al., 1988 (p.61); Cervantes-Duarte & Hernandez-Trujillo, 1989 (tab.3); Othman & al., 1990 (p.561, 564, Table 1); Hirakawa & al., 1990 (tab.3); Yoo, 1991 (tab.1, as nigromarculata); Lozano, 1991 (p.174); Hernandez-Trujillo, 1991 (1993) (tab.I); Seguin & al., 1993 (p.23); Böttger-Schnack, 1995 (p.93); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.77); Chae & al., 1996 (p.20); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1997 (p.1525); Sharaf & Al-Ghais, 1997 (tab.1); Noda & al., 1998 (p.55, Table 3, occurrence); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.89, 104); Alvarez-Cadena & al., 1998 (tab.1,2,3,4); Suarez-Morales, 1998 (p.345, Table 1); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p.113); Lavaniegos & Gonzalez-Navarro, 1999 (p.239, Appx.1); El-Serehy, 1999 (p.172, Table 1, occurrence); Neumann-Leitao & al., 1999 (p.153, tab.2); Fernandez-Alamo & al., 2000 (p.1139, Appendix); Suarez-Morales & al., 2000 (p.751, tab.1); Lo & al., 2001 (1139, tab.I); Zerouali & Melhaoui, 2002 (p.91, Tableau I); Vukanic, 2003 (p.139, tab.1); Hwang & al., 2003 (p.193, tab.2); Lan & al., 2004 (p.332, tab.1); Lo & al.*, 2004 (p.218, fig.6); Lo & al., 2004 (p.89, tab.1); Rakhesh & al., 2006 (p.93, Table 2, spatial distribution); Hwang & al., 2006 (p.943, tabl. I); Dias & Araujo, 2006 (p.91, Rem., chart); Lavaniegos & Jiménez-Pérez, 2006 (p.154, tab.2, Rem.); Khelifi-Touhami & al., 2007 (p.327, Table 1); Hwang & al., 2007 (p.25); Jitlang & al., 2008 (p.65, Table 1); Tseng L.-C. & al., 2008 (p.153, Table 2, occurrence vs geographic distribution); Neumann-Leitao & al., 2008 (p.799: Tab.II, fig.6); Morales-Ramirez & Suarez-Morales, 2008 (p.525); Ayon & al., 2008 (p.238, Table 4: Peruvian samples); Rakhesh & al., 2008 (p.154, Table 5: abundance vs stations); C.-Y. Lee & al., 2009 (p.151, Tab.2); Galbraith, 2009 (pers. comm.); Miyashita & al., 2009 (p.815, Tabl.II); Tseng & al., 2009 (p.327, fig.5, feeding); Dias & al., 2010 (p.230, Table 1); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.429); Medellin-Mora & Navas S., 2010 (p.265, Tab. 2); Fazeli & al., 2010 (p.153, Table 1); W.-B. Chang & al., 2010 (p.735, Table 2, abundance); Hsiao S.H. & al., 2011 (p.475, Appendix I); Guo & al., 2011 (p.567, table 2, indicator); Maiphae & Sa-ardrit, 2011 (p.641, Table 2, 3, Rem.); Tutasi & al., 2011 (p.791, Table 2, abundance distribution vs La Niña event); Tseng & al., 2012 (p.621, Table 3: abundance); Salah S. & al., 2012 (p.155, Tableau 1); in CalCOFI regional list (MDO, Nov. 2013; M. Ohman, comm. pers.); Jagadeesan & al., 2013 (p.27, Table 3, seasonal distribution); Hwang & al., 2014 (p.43, Appendix A: seasonal abundance); Bonecker & a., 2014 (p.445, Table II: frequency, horizontal & vertical distributions); Dias & al., 2015 (p.483, Table 2, abundance); Zakaria & al., 2016 (p.1, Table 1); Benedetti & al., 2016 (p.159, Table I, fig.1, functional characters); Ben Ltaief & al., 2017 (p.1, Table III, Summer relative abundance); Marques-Rojas & Zoppi de Roa, 2017 (p.495, Table 1); Benedetti & al., 2018 (p.1, Fig.2: ecological functional group); Chaouadi & Hafferssas, 2018 (p.913, Table II: occurrence).
NZ: 19

Carte de distribution de Sapphirina nigromaculata par zones géographiques
Espèce Sapphirina nigromaculata - Carte de distribution 4issued from : C. Lehnhofer in Wiss. Ergebn. dt. Tiefsee-Exped. ''Valdivia'', 1929, 22 (5). [p.338, Fig.66].
Zoogeographical distribution of S. nigromaculata.
Loc:
Antarct. (exceptional), South Africa (E), off SE Ascension Is., Angola, Baia Farta, Congo, G. of Guinea, ivorian shelf, Cape Verde Is., Morocco, Cap Ghir, Canary Is., off Madeira, Azores, Sargasso Sea, off Bermuda, Brazil (S, off Rio de Janeiro, Campos Basin, off Vitoria-Cabo de Sao Tomé, off Macaé, off Natal), Argentina, Barbados Is., Caribbean Colombia, Bahia de Mochima (Venezuela), Yucatan, G. of Mexico, Cuba, Florida, off SE Cape Cod, Flemish Cape, Bay of Biscay, Ibero-moroccan Bay, Medit. (Alboran Sea, Habibas Is., El Kala shelf, Sidfi Fredj coast, Castellon, Baleares, Banyuls, Marseille, Monaco, Napoli, G of Gabes, Tyrrhenian Sea, Messina, N & S Adriatic Sea, Ionian Sea, Lebanon Basin, W Efyptian coast, Alexandria), Red Sea, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Sea, Arabian Gulf (UAE coast, Kuwait), Laccadive Is., Maldive Is., Sri Lanka, Madagascar (Nosy Bé), Seychelles, Indian, India (G. of Mannar, Porto Novo, Lawson's Bay, Kakinada Bay), Bay of Bengal, Nicobar Is. (Nankaurie Harbour), G. of Thailand, Indonesia-Malaysia, Ambon Bay, W Australia, Hong Kong, China Seas (Yellow Sea, East China Sea,Taiwan Strait, South China Sea), Taiwan (E, S, SW, NW, N: Mienhua Canyon, NE), Japan, Kuchinoerabu Is., Tanabe Bay, Pacif. (W equatorial), Australia (G. of Carpentaria, Great Barrier, New South Wales), Moorea Is. (lagon), Bikini Is., Oregon (warm water intrusions), California, W BaJa California, Gulf of California, W Mexico, G. of Tehuantepec, W Costa Rica, Clipperton Is., G. of Panama, Galapagos-Ecuador, Peru, N Chile
N: 194
Lg.:
(34) M: 2,16-2,05; (35) F: 1,9-1,8; M: 1,68; (38) F: 1,98-1,8; M: 2,28-2,16; (45) F: 2-1,9; M: 2,45-2,05; (46) F: 2-1,9; M: 2,45-2,05; (91) F: 2-1,2; M: 2,45-2; (104) M: 2,3; (109) F: 2-1,6; M: 2,4-2,1; (142) M: 3,2; (180) F: 1,8-1,55; (332) F: 2,78-1,63; M: 2,38-2,12; (333) F: 2,13-1,38; (449) F: 2,1-1,8; M: 2,45-2,05; (530) F: 2; M: 1,9; (618) F: 2,36; 2,06; M: 2,37; 1,87; (648) F: 2,81-1,55; M: 3,04-1,71; (651) F: 1,94-1,36; (705) F: 2,432-1,32; M: 2,602-2,07; (785) F: 1,75; 1,73; M: 2,5; 2,35; (786) F: 2,34-2,16; M: 2,57-1,81; (794) F: 2,7-1,4; M: 3,7-2,1; (805) F: 3,79-1,2; M: 4,15-1,4; (866) F: 2,64-1,35; M: 2,72-1,68; (864) F: 2,5; (937) F: 1,71-2,10; M: 1,93; (991) F: 1,2-2,81; M: 1,71-3,04; (1023) F: 1,43-1,57; M: 1,53-1,96; {F: 1,20-3,79; M: 1,40-4,15}
Rem.: épipélagique.
Voir aussi les remarques en anglais
Dernière mise à jour : 04/07/2020

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Razouls C., de Bovée F., Kouwenberg J. et Desreumaux N., 2005-2020. - Diversité et répartition géographique chez les Copépodes planctoniques marins. Sorbonne Université, CNRS. Disponible sur http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr [Accédé le 25 septembre 2020]

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