Fiche d'espèce de Copépode
Calanoida ( Ordre )
    Arietelloidea ( Superfamille )
        Augaptilidae ( Famille )
            Haloptilus ( Genre )
Haloptilus oxycephalus  (Giesbrecht, 1889)   (F,M)
Syn.: Hemicalanus oxycephalus Giesbrecht,1889; 1892 (p.384, 398, 773, Descr.F, figs.F);
? Haloptilus acutifrons : Grice, 1962 (p.223, figs.F, Rem.)
Ref.:
Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.119, Rem. F); Wolfenden, 1911 (p.324); Sars, 1925 (p.252, figs.F); Farran, 1929 (p.209, 268); Rose, 1933 a (p.214, figs.F); Mori, 1937 (1964) (p.77, figs.F); Sewell, 1947 (p.194); Vervoort, 1951 (p.142, Rem.); 1957 (p.136, Descr.M, figs.M); Chiba & al., 1957 a (p.11); Brodsky, 1962 c (p.132, figs.F); Tanaka, 1964 b (p.43); Vervoort, 1965 (p.129, Rem.); Owre & Foyo, 1967 (p.82, figs.F); Ramirez, 1989 (p.81, figs.F, Rem.); Bradford, 1970 (p.347); 1970 a (p.359, figs.F, Rem.); 1971 b (p.27, figs.F,M, Rem.); Minoda, 1971 (p.40); Tanaka & Omori, 1971 (p.254); Kos, 1972 (Vol. I, figs.F, Rem.); Bradford, 1972 (p.46, figs.F); Matthews, 1972 (p.52); Björnberg, 1981 (p.654, figs.F); Gardner & Szabo, 1982 (p.388, figs.F, M); Chahsavar-Archad & Razouls, 1982 (p.38); Park, 1988 (p.9, Descr. F,M, figs.F,M, Rem.); Huys & Boxshall, 1991 (p.78, fig.F); He & al., 1992 (p.250); Razouls, 1994 (p.172, figs.F,M); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.728, Pl.61,62: F,M); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.883, 941, figs.F,M); Bradford-Grieve,1999 b (p.63, figs.F,M, Rem., figs.173, 190); Conway & al., 2003 (p.86, figs.F,M, Rem.); Vives & Shmeleva, 2007 (p.246, figs.F,M, Rem.)
Espèce Haloptilus oxycephalus - Planche 1 de figures morphologiquesissued from : J.M. Bradford-Grieve in The Marine Fauna of New Zealand: Pelagic Calanoid Copepoda. National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA). NIWA Biodiversity Memoir, 111, 1999. [p.64, Fig.35].
Female: A, habitus (dorsal); B, idem (left lateral side); C, urosome (left lateral side); D, P5.

Male: E, habitus (dorsal); F, P5 (endopds: incomplete).


Espèce Haloptilus oxycephalus - Planche 2 de figures morphologiquesissued from : T. Park in Antarct. Res. Ser. Washington, 1988, 47. [p.11, Fig.5].
Female: a, habitus (lateral left side); b, idem (dorsal); c, forehead (ventral); d, idem (lateral right side); e, last thoracic segment and urosome (dorsal); f, idem (lateral right side); g, Md (biting edge); h, Mx1; i, Mx2; j, P5 (posterior).

Nota: Mx2: 1st to 6th protopodal lobes with 3+2+2+2+2+4 setae (instead 3 on the 6th in H. ocellatus.


Espèce Haloptilus oxycephalus - Planche 3 de figures morphologiquesissued from : T. Park in Antarct. Res. Ser. Washington, 1988, 47. [p.13, Fig.6].
Male: a, habitus (dorsal); b, forehead (dorsal); c, idem (ventral); d, last thoracic segment and urosome (dorsal); e, left A1; f, distal part of left A1; g, P5 (posterior).


Espèce Haloptilus oxycephalus - Planche 4 de figures morphologiquesissued from : J.M. Bradford in N.Z. Jl Mar. Freshw. Res., 1970, 4 (4). [p.360, Figs 67-69].
Female (off Kaikoura, New Zealand): 67, Md (mandibular palp); 68, Md (cutting edge); 69, habitus (dorsal).
Scale bars represent 1.0 mm in 69 and 0.1 mm in 67-68.

Nota: Compared to H. acutifrons thie species has a longer, anteriorly pointed head, shorter A1, and oviducts which exted further, as far as the A1.


Espèce Haloptilus oxycephalus - Planche 5 de figures morphologiquesissued from : F.C. Ramirez in Contr. Inst. Biol. mar., Buenos Aires, 1969, 98. [p.86, Lam. XVII, figs.141, 146 ].
Female (from off Mar del Plata): 141, habitus (dorsal); 146, forehead (lateral)
Scale bars in mm: 2 (141); 0.04 (146).


Espèce Haloptilus oxycephalus - Planche 6 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : G.O. Sars in Résult. Camp. Scient. Prince Albert I, 69, pls.1-127 (1924). [Pl.LXXIV, figs.12-16].
Female: 12, habitus (dorsal); 13, forehead (lateral); 14, Md; 15, Mx1; 16, Mxp.


Espèce Haloptilus oxycephalus - Planche 7 de figures morphologiquesissued from : W. Vervoort in B.A.N.Z. Antarctic Reseach Expedition, Report Ser. B, Vol. III. Copepods. 1957 [Fig.128]
Male (from 64°55'S, 54°35'E): a, frontal part of cephalothorax (lateral); b-c, posterior part cephalothorax and urosome (lateral and dorsal, respectively); d, forehead (dorsal); e, right Md (mandibular blade); f, Md (bitting edge) ; g-i, laft A1.


Espèce Haloptilus oxycephalus - Planche 8 de figures morphologiquesissued from : W. Vervoort in B.A.N.Z. Antarctic Reseach Expedition, Report Ser. B, Vol. III. Copepods. 1957 [Fig.129]
Male: a, left A2; b, right Mx1); c, right Mx2; d, right Mxp.


Espèce Haloptilus oxycephalus - Planche 9 de figures morphologiquesissued from : W. Vervoort in B.A.N.Z. Antarctic Reseach Expedition, Report Ser. B, Vol. III. Copepods. 1957 [Fig.130].
Male: a, left P1 (posterior); b, right P2 (posterior); c, left P3 (posterior); d, right P4 (posterior); e, P5 (lt = left leg; rt = right leg).


Espèce Haloptilus oxycephalus - Planche 10 de figures morphologiquesissued from : T. Mori in The pelagic Copepoda from the neighbouring waters of Japan, 1937 (2nd edit., 1964). [Pl.40, Figs.1-2].
Female: 1, Mx2; 2, habitus (dorsal).


Espèce Haloptilus oxycephalus - Planche 11 de figures morphologiquesissued from : J.M. Bradford in Mem. N. Z. Oceonogr. Inst., 1972, 54. [p.49, Fig.13, (1-2].
Female (from Kaikoura, New Zealand): 1, habitus (dorsal); 2, Mxp.
Scale bars1, mm (1); 0.1 mm (2).


Espèce Haloptilus oxycephalus - Planche 12 de figures morphologiquesissued from : R. Huys & G.A. Boxshall in Copepod Evolution. The Ray Society, 1991, 159. [p.78, Fig.2.2.25, A].
Female from Terra Nova Expedition, 1910): P5.


Espèce Haloptilus oxycephalus - Planche 13 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.42, Fig.7]. As Hemicalanus oxycephalus.
Female: 7, habitus (dorsal).


Espèce Haloptilus oxycephalus - Planche 14 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.42, Figs.16, 23]. As Hemicalanus oxycephalus.
Female: 16, exopodal segments 2 and 3 of P5; 23, endopod of A2.
Si = inner seta.


Espèce Haloptilus oxycephalus - Planche 15 de figures morphologiquesissued from : J.M. Bradford-Grieve, E.L. Markhaseva & C.E.F. Rocha & B. Abiahy in South Atlantic Zooplankton, Edit. D. Boltovskoy. 1999. Vol.2. Copepoda. [p.1044, Fig. 7.277].
Female: Mx1.

Nota: Exopodite of Mx1 with 9 setae; outer lobe 1 with 8 setae.


Espèce Haloptilus oxycephalus - Planche 16 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : J.M. Bradford in N.Z. Oceanogr. Inst., 1971, 206, Part 8, No 59. [p.27, Figs.120, 121].
Female (from Ross Sea): 120, right Md (edge of gnathobase); 121, left Md (edge of gnathobase).
Scale bar: 100 µm.


Espèce Haloptilus oxycephalus - Planche 17 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : J.M. Bradford in N.Z. Oceanogr. Inst., 1971, 206, Part 8, No 59. [p.27, Figs.122, 123].
Male (from Ross Sea): 122, left Md (ege of gnathobase); 123, right Md (edge of gnathobase).
Scale bar: 100 µm.


Espèce Haloptilus oxycephalus - Planche 18 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : J.M. Bradford in N.Z. Oceanogr. Inst., 1971, 206, Part 8, No 59. [p.27, Fig.124].
Male (from Ross Sea): 124, P5..
Scale bar: 100 µm.

Nota: P5 is as Vervoort (1957) figures it, but Bradford includes details of ''glandular pore'' position which is at the base of every exopod spine.


Espèce Haloptilus oxycephalus - Planche 19 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : C. Razouls in Ann. Inst. océanogr., Paris, 1994, 70 (1). [p.172]. Caractéristiques morphologiques de Haloptilus oxycephalus femelle et mâle adultes.
Terminologie et abbréviations: voir à Calanus propinquus.


Espèce Haloptilus oxycephalus - Planche 20 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : M.C. Kos in Field guide for plankton. Zool Institute USSR Acad., Vol. I, 1972. After Brodsky, 1962.
Female: 1, habitus (dorsal); 2, forehead and rostrum (lateral); 3, A1; 4, abdomen (ventral); 5, gnathobase of Md; 6, P5.

Ref. compl.:
Hardy & Gunther, 1935 (1936) (p.182, Rem.); Wilson, 1942 a (p.189); Lysholm & al., 1945 (p.37); Sewell, 1948 (p.329, 504, 509, 514, 522, 526, 530, 532, 548, 558, 567, 568); C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.237); Baker, 1954 (p.203, 211, fig.5); Yamazi, 1958 (p.151, Rem.); V.N. Greze, 1963 a (tabl.2); De Decker & Mombeck, 1964 (p.12); Shmeleva, 1964 a (p.1068); Furuhashi, 1966 a (p.295, vertical distribution in Oyashio region, Table 6, 7); Mazza, 1966 (p.72); De Decker, 1968 (p.45); Morris, 1970 (p.2301); Björnberg, 1973 (p.347, 386); Deevey & Brooks, 1977 (p.156, tab.2, Station "S"); Carter, 1977 (1978) (p.36); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.84); Lozano Soldevilla & al., 1988 (p.60); Deevey, 1971 (p.224); Dessier, 1979 (p.206); De Decker, 1984 (p.317); Cummings, 1984 (p.163, Table 2); Guangshan & Honglin, 1984 (p.118, tab.); Ali-Khan & Ali-Khan, 1984 (p.309); Longhurst, 1985 (tab.2); Madhupratap & Haridas, 1986 (p.105, tab.1); Zmijewska, 1987 (tab.2a); Hopkins & Torres, 1988 (tab.1); Ward, 1989 (tab.2); Atkinson & al., 1990 (p.1213, tab.1); Heinrich, 1990 (p.18); Suarez & Gasca, 1991 (tab.2); Suarez, 1992 (App.1); Hosie & Cochran, 1994 (tab.2); Shih & Young,1995 (p.68); Errhif & al., 1997 (p.422); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.102); Gilabert & Moreno, 1998 (tab.1, 2); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p108); Siokou-Frangou, 1999 (p.478); Voronina & Kolosova, 1999 (p.71); Ansorge & al., 1999 (p.135, Rem.: p.143); Atkinson & Sinclair, 2000 (p.46, 50, 51, 54, 55, zonal distribution); Razouls & al., 2000 (p.343, tab. 5, Appendix); Pakhomov & al., 2000 (p.1663, Table 2, transect Cape Town-SANAE antarctic base); Lopez-Salgado al., 2000 (tab.1); Chiba & al., 2001 (p.95, tab.4, 7); Hsiao & al., 2004 (p.325, tab.1); Hunt, 2004 (p.1, 47, Table 3.2); Shimode & al., 2005 (p.113 + poster); Tsujimoto & al., 2006 (p.140, Table1); Dur & al., 2007 (p.197, Table IV); Schnack-Schiel & al., 2008 (p.1045: Tab.2); Morales-Ramirez & Suarez-Morales, 2008 (p.518); Gaard & al., 2008 (p.59, Table 1, N Mid-Atlantic Ridge); Ayon & al., 2008 (p.238, Table 4: Peruvian samples); Lan Y.C. & al., 2008 (p.61, Table 1, % vs stations); Galbraith, 2009 (pers. comm.); Park & Ferrari, 2009 (p.143, Table 4, 7: common deep water species, fig.1, Appendix 1, biogeography); C.E. Morales & al., 2010 (p.158, Table 1); Schnack-Schiel & al., 2010 (p.2064, Table 2: E Atlantic subtropical/tropical); Hidalgo & al., 2010 (p.2089, Table 2); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.424); Medellin-Mora & Navas S., 2010 (p.265, Tab. 2); Swadling & al., 2010 (p.887, abundance, indicator species); Hsiao S.H. & al., 2011 (p.475, Appendix I); Swadling & al., 2011 (p.118, Table 2, interannual abundance); Michels & al., 2012 (p.369, Table 1, occurrence frequency); Belmonte & al., 2013 (p.222, Table 2, abundance vs stations); Ojima & al., 2013 (p.1293, Table 2, 3, abundance); Lee D.B. & al., 2013 (p.1215, Table 1, abundance, composition); Lidvanov & al., 2013 (p.290, Table 2, % composition); Zaafa & al., 2014 (p.67, Table I, occurrence); Benedetti & al., 2016 (p.159, Table I, fig.1, functional characters); Belmonte, 2018 (p.273, Table I: Italian zones); Acha & al., 2020 (p.1, Table 3: occurrence % vs ecoregions).
NZ: 19

Carte de distribution de Haloptilus oxycephalus par zones géographiques
Espèce Haloptilus oxycephalus - Carte de distribution 4Issued from : A. Atkinson & J.D. Sinclair in Polar Biol., 2000, 23. [p.50, Fig.3]
Haloptilus oxycephalus from Scotia Sea.
Median and interquartile ranges of copepods (nos /m2) in the five water zones; from north to south these are SAF Subantractic Front area, PFZ Polar frontal Zone, PF Polar Front area, AZ Antarctic Zone, WSC Weddell-Scotia Confluence area/ East Wind Drift.
Numbers on the plots are upper interquartiles where these could not be scaled.
Espèce Haloptilus oxycephalus - Carte de distribution 5issued from A. de C. Baker in 'Discovery' Rep., 1954, 27. [p.215, Fig.5].
Occurrence of Haloptilus oxycephalus in all longitudes around Antarctic zone of the Southern Ocean.
The percentage frequency of occurrence in samples taken within every 20° of longitude.

Nota: During the 'Discovery' investigations some thousands of plankton samples have been taken from stations spread over the whole of the Southern Ocean at all seasons of the year, the majority south of the Antarctic Convergence. An arbitrary selection of samples has been made from hauls between the surface and a depth of 250 m, which means that they have been taken from within the limits of the Antarctic surface water.
Espèce Haloptilus oxycephalus - Carte de distribution 6Issued from : K.M. Swadling, So. Kawaguchi & G.W. Hosie in Deep-Sea Research II, 2010, 57. [p.897, Fig.6 (continued)].
Distribution of indicator species Haloptilus oxycephalus from the BROKE-West survey (southwest Indian Ocean) during January-February 2006.
Sampling with a RMT1 net (mesh aperture: 315 µm), oblque tow from the surface to 200 m.
The survey area was located predominantly within the seasonal ice zone, and in the month prior to the survey there was considerable ice coverage over the western section but none over the east.

See map showing sampling sites in Calanus propinquus.
Loc:
Antarct. (Amundsen Sea, Peninsula, SW & SE Atlant., South Georgia, Weddell Sea, Indian, Dumont d'Urville Sea, Lützow-Holm Bay, Sw & SE Pacif.), South Georgia, sub-Antarct. (SW Atlant., Indian, SW & SE Pacif.), South Africa (E & W), Patagonia, Congo, SE Atlantic, G. of Guinea, S Cape Verde Is., S Brazil, off Amazon, Caribbean Colombia, Caribbean, G. of Mexico, Cuba, Florida, Sargasso Sea, off Bermuda (Station "S"), off S Iceland, Morocco-Mauritabia, Canary Is., off W Tangier, Medit. (Algiers Bay, Baleares, Ligurian Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea, Taranto, Adriatic Sea, Ionian Sea, Saronikos Gulf), Arabian Sea, Pakistan, Natal, Indian, off SE Madagascar, China Seas (East China Sea, South China Sea), Taiwan (SW, E), Japan, Tanabe Bay, Bering Sea, S Aleutian Is., Vancouver Is., Bikini, Hawaii, Pacif. (tropical), Pacif. (W equatorial), New Zealand (Kaikoura, SE South Island, SE North Island), Tasman Sea, off W Guatemala, W Costa Rica, off W Galapagos, SE Pacif. (tropical), Peru, Chilie (N-S, Concepcion)
N: 112
Lg.:
(1) F: 3,5; (16) F: 3,7-3,3; M: 2,5; (25) F: 4,95-3,83; M: 2,57; (31) F: 4,9-4,7; (35) F: 4,08-4,02; (46) F: 3,8; (69) F: 3,56; (90) F: 5-3,64 ; ? (101) F: 3,8; (102) F: 3,1; M: 2,85; (116) F: 3,64; (150) F: 3,25; (208) F: 5,2-4,57; (254) F: 4,25; (313) F: 4,4; 4,3; (866) F: 3-5; M: 2,44-2,85; (909) F: 3,3-4,1; M: 2,4-2,6; (991) F: 3-4,1; M: 2,4-2,85; (1230) F: 3,0-3,5; {F: 3,00-5,20; M: 2,40-2,85}
Rem.: épi-bathypélagique.
Sampling depth (Antarct., sub-Antarct.): 0-1000 m.
Pour Vervoort (1965) les localisations dans le Pacifique NW pourraîent correspondre à Haloptilus pseudooxycephalus.
Voir aussi les remarques en anglais
Dernière mise à jour : 03/04/2020

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Razouls C., de Bovée F., Kouwenberg J. et Desreumaux N., 2005-2020. - Diversité et répartition géographique chez les Copépodes planctoniques marins. Sorbonne Université, CNRS. Disponible sur http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr [Accédé le 27 septembre 2020]

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