Fiche d'espèce de Copépode
Calanoida ( Ordre )
    Calanoidea ( Superfamille )
        Calanidae ( Famille )
            Calanus ( Genre )
Calanus euxinus  Hulsemann, 1991   (F,M)
Syn.: Calanus finmarchicus pontica Karawaiew (= Karavaev); 1893 (p.3);
Calanus helgolandicus ponticus Jashnov, 1955 (p.1216, figs.F,M); Vucetic, 1965 (p.419, Tableau I: Rem.); Kovalev & al., 1975 (p.195, fig. caryotype); Brodsky & al., 1983 (p.162); Fleminger & Hulsemann, 1987 (p.47, 75: Rem.);
Calanus ponticus : Vinogradov & Nalbandov, 1990 (p.769); Vinogradov & al., 1991 (p.447); Shushkina & Vinogradov, 1991 (p.719); Vinogradov & al., 1992 (p.447, vertical distribution-oxycline);
Calanus helgolandicus : ? Beldescu & al., 1956 (p.63, Table, Size-weight), Dimov, 1964 b (p.33, Tableau 1); Petipa, 1964 (p.470, fat metabolism); 1964 a (p.1440, feeding rhythm); 1965 (p.102, food selectibity); 1967 (p.44, production); Kovalev, 1969 (p.82, Table, fig.1, 2); Petipa & Makarova, 1969 (p.191, feeding); ? Vyshkvartzeva, 1972 a (p.165, fig.F); ? Minkina, 1983 (p.38, speed swimming); ? Petipa & Ostravskaya, 1984 (p.631, energy expenditure), Arashkevich & Drits, 1984 (p.247, feeding, fecal pellet length); 1984 a (p.513, ingestion rate v.s. food particle size); Musayeva, 1985 (tab.1); Vinogradov & al., 1985 (p.95); Svetlichny & Umanskaya, 1991 (p.566, respiration vs locomotion);
Ref.:
Hulsemann, 1991 (p.620, Rem.); Papadopoulos & al., 2005 (p.1353, phylogeography, molecular biology); Unal & al., 2006 (p.1961, genetic analysis, Rem., phylogeography); Gubanova & al., 2013 (in press, Rem: p.3, Table 1, 4, fig.2); Blanco-Bercial & al., 2014 (p.5: Rem.: problematic taxa).
Espèce Calanus euxinus - Planche 1 de figures morphologiquesissued from K. Hulsemann in Invert. Taxon., 1994, 8. [p.1477, Fig.28, I].
Female: I, urosome (left: ventral); right: dorsal). Pore signature schematic by pooled samples (symbols are considerably larger than pores): Filled circle: 100 % presence; open circle: 95-99 % presence; triangle: 50-89 % presence. n = 100 (percentages not differentiated).


Espèce Calanus euxinus - Planche 2 de figures morphologiquesissued from : N.V. Vyshkvartzeva in Issled. Fauny Moreï, 1972, 12 (20). [p.165, Fig.4, b]. As Calanus helgolandicus.
Femele Md (masticatory edge, lateral):


Espèce Calanus euxinus - Planche 3 de figures morphologiquesissued from : A.V. Bogorov in Gidrobiol. Zh., 1968 4 (3). [p.84, Fig.1].
Morphological characters of calanus helgolandicus during ontogenese copepodites I to V, Female (F) and male (M).
Nota: Probably as Calanus euxinus because the samples from Sebastopol (Black Sea).
Note the number of thoracic and urosomal segments for distinguish the different copepodids stages.

Ref. compl.:
Selifonova, 2000 (p.68, tab.1); Shushkina & al., 2004 (p.524, tab.2); Mutlu, 2003 (p.517); Zagorodnyaya & al;, 2003 (p.52); Besiktepe & Telli, 2004 (p.571): Svetlichny & al., 2006 (p.52, oil sac volume vs habitat conditions); Isinibilir & al., 2008 (p.745: Tab.1, Rem.); Selifonova & al., 2008 (p.305, Tabl. 2); Shmeleva & al., 2008 (p.31, Table 1); Svetlichny & al., 2009 (p.199, development, growth); 2010 (p.127, Rem.: salinity tolerance); Isinibilir, 2010 (p.233, abundance %); Vogedes & al., 2010 (p.1471, lipid sac area vs lipid content); Castellani & al., 2011 (p.104: Rem.); Stefanova & al., 2012 (p.403, Table 2, interannual abundance); Pasternak & al., 2012 (p.377, feeding rate); Coolen & al., 2013 (p.8609, Rem.: 8612: gene indicator, fig.1 E); Svetlichny & al., 2016 (p.77, fig.8: respiration rate, Rem.); Record & al., 2018 (p.2238, Table 1: diapause);
NZ: 1

Carte de distribution de Calanus euxinus par zones géographiques
Espèce Calanus euxinus - Carte de distribution 3issued from : A.V. Bogorov in Vest. Zool., 1969, 3. [p.83, Table].
Variations of morphologic characters during ontogenese of Calanus helgolandicus from Sebastopol (Black Sea).
A: Stages; B, Body length; C: Cephalothoracic length; D, maximal length of the cephalosome section; E: Maximal width of the cephalotorax; F: Urosome width; G: A1 length; H: Maximal width of the cephalosome (in % maximal width of the cephalothorax.
% : in % of body length.
Espèce Calanus euxinus - Carte de distribution 4Issued from : C.B. Miller in Biological Oceanography 2004/2005, Blackwell Publishing. [p.157, Table 7.1]. From Petipa, 1967.
Calanus helgolandicus (= Calanus euxinus) dominant zooplankters in the Black Sea. Data characterize the season of peak production. Mostly taken from Landry (1978): 28 mgC m-2 day-1.
Miller underlines the difficulties of the production estimations for single species, and virtually none for whole systems, but we would like to know how much food the oceans produces for animals we harvest like herring, anchovy, cod, and pollack. See Huntley & Lopez, 1992: model); Kleppel, Davis & Carter, 1996; Huntley, 1996; Hirst & Sheader, 1997; Hirst & Lampitt, 1998; Vidal, 1980.
Loc:
E Medit. (Marmara Sea, Black Sea, Black River estuary))
N: 37
Lg.:
(131) F: 3,8-3,1; M: 3,4-3,2; (1102) F: 3,209-3,171; M: 3,107-3,073; (1127) F: 3,1-3,6; M: 3,2-3,4; {F: 3,10-3,80; M: 3,20-3,40}.

After Beldescu & al. (1956, in The Black Sea), Lg: F = 3,3-4,7; weight F = 0,952-1,006 mg;
Rem.: D'après Unal & al. (2003, p.157, In : 3 rd International Zooplankton Production Symposium, 20-23 May, Gijon, Spain) les différences morphologiques et génétiques sont très faibles entre cette espèce et Calanus helgolandicus.
Voir aussi les remarques en anglais
Dernière mise à jour : 24/10/2020

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Razouls C., Desreumaux N., Kouwenberg J. et de Bovée F., 2005-2021. - Biodiversité des Copépodes planctoniques marins (morphologie, répartition géographique et données biologiques). Sorbonne Université, CNRS. Disponible sur http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr [Accédé le 22 septembre 2021]

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