Fiche d'espèce de Copépode
Calanoida ( Ordre )
    Calanoidea ( Superfamille )
        Calanidae ( Famille )
            Cosmocalanus ( Genre )
Cosmocalanus darwini  (Lubbock, 1860)   (F,M)
Syn.: Undina darwini Lubbock,1860; Brady, 1883 (p.54, figs.F,M);
Calanus darwinii : Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.91, 127, figs.F,M); Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.17); Thompson & Scott, 1903 (p.232, 241); Cleve, 1904 a (p.185); Pesta, 1913 (p.30, fig.M); Farran,1929 (p.207, 217); Dakin & Colefax, 1933 (p.203); Mori, 1937 (1964) (p.18, figs.F,M); Chiba, 1953 (p.235, Rem.: anomalies); 1957 (p.306); 1957 a (p.11); Ayon & al., 2008 (p.238, Table 4: Peruvian samples); Maiphae & Sa-ardrit, 2011 (p.641, Table 2);
Calanus darwini : Carl, 1907 (p.16);
Undinula darwini : A. Scott, 1909 (p.17, Rem.); Sewell, 1912 (p.353, 356); 1914 a (p.197, Rem.); 1929 (p.42, Rem.: 3 forms); Farran, 1936 a (p.78); Wilson, 1936 c (p.90); Dakin & Colefax, 1940 (p.89, figs.F,M); Wilson, 1942 a (p.210); Vervoort, 1946 (p.77, Rem.); Sewell, 1947 (p.18, Rem.F); 1948 (p.322, 357, 390, 395, 403, 413, 414, 417, 422, 433, 436, 439, 442, 453, 459, ); 1951 (p.366, figs.F, Rem.: parasites); C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.349, figs.F,M); Krishnaswamy, 1953 (p.110); Rose, 1956 (p.459); Tanaka, 1956 (p.265, Rem.); Kott, 1957 (p.5, Rem.: p.8); Yamazi, 1958 (p.147, Rem.); Tanaka, 1960 (p.20); Heinrich, 1961 b (p.93); Fagetti, 1962 (p.8); Ganapati & Shanthakumari, 1962 (p.7, 16); Grice, 1962 (p.178, figs.F, Rem.); Kasturirangan, 1963 (p.14, figs.F,M); Brodsky, 1962 c (p.102, figs.F,M); De Decker, 1964 (p.16, 25, 27); De Decker & Mombeck, 1964 (p.14); Chen & Zhang, 1965 (p.31, 129, figs.F, M); Saraswathy, 1966 (1967) (p.75); Fleminger, 1967 a (tabl.1); Grice & Hulsemann, 1967 (p.13); De Decker, 1968 (p.45); Vidal, 1968 (p.17, figs.F,M); Vinogradov, 1968 (1970) (p.78, 79, 80, 83, 278); Itoh, 1970 (tab.1); Timonin, 1971 (p.281, trophic group); Shih & al., 1971 (p.203); Brodsky, 1972 (p.256); Brodsky, 1972 (1975) (p.73,113, 116, 117, figs.F,M); Grice, 1972 (p.178, figs.F, Rem.); Heinrich, 1973 (p.95, fig.2); Björnberg, 1973 (p.283, 389); Marques, 1976 (p.986); Timonin, 1976 (p.79, vertical distribution); Tranter, 1977 (p.596); Timonin & Voronina, 1977 (p.283); Carter, 1977 (1978) (p.35); Frontier, 1977 a (p.14); Hayward, 1980 (p.295, Table 2, vertical distribution, feeding); Sreekumaran Nair & al., 1981 (p.493), Björnberg & al., 1981 (p.618, figs.F,M); Gaudy & Boucher, 1983 (p.37, Table 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, fig.1, 2, Rem.: metabolism); Dessier, 1983 (p.89, Tableau 1, 2, Rem. p.98, 99, %); Binet,1984 (tab.3); 1985 (p.85, tab.3); Guangshan & Honglin, 1984 (p.118, tab.); De Decker, 1984 (p.315, 366: chart); Sazhina, 1985 a (p.491, tab.1); Petipa & Borichenko, 1985 (tab.2); Sarkar & al., 1986 (p.178); Brinton & al., 1986 (p.228, Table 1); Renon, 1987 (tab.2); Ambler & Miller, 1987 (tab.2, 3, 4, 5); Jimenez-Perez & Lara-Lara, 1988; Dessier, 1988 (tabl.1); Hernandez-Trujillo, 1989 a (tab.1); Cervantes-Duarte & Hernandez-Trujillo, 1989 (tab.3); Afanas'yev & al., 1989 (p.225, genetic); Herman, 1989 (p.247); Suarez & al., 1990 (tab.2); Hattori, 1991 (tab.1, Appendix); Yoo, 1991 (tab.1); Huntley & Lopez, 1992 (p.201, Table B1, growth rate, temperature-dependent production); He & al., 1992 (p.250); Kim & al., 1993 (p.270); Go & al., 1997 (tab.1); Hwang & al., 1998 (tab.II); Noda & al., 1998 (p.55, Table 3, occurrence); Hernandez-Trujillo, 1999 (p.284, tab.1); Lavaniegos & Gonzalez-Navarro, 1999 (p.239, Appx.1); Fernandez-Alamo & al., 2000 (p.1139, Appendix); Suarez-Morales al., 2000 (p.751, tab.1); Hernandez-Trujillo & Esqueda-Escarcega, 2002 (in Appendix); Wang & Zuo, 2004 (p.1, Table 2, dominance, origin); Lavaniegos & Jiménez-Pérez, 2006 (p.158, tab.2, 4, Rem.); Rakhesh & al., 2006 (p.93, Table 2, spatial distribution); McKinnon & al., 2008 (p.843, Tab.I, p.848: Tab. IV); Ayon & al., 2008 (p.238, Table 4: Peruvian samples); W.-B. Chang & al., 2010 (p.735, Table 2, 3, fig.5, abundance); Tutasi & al., 2011 (p.791, Table 2, abundance distribution vs La Niña event); Jungbluth & Lenz, 2013 (p.630, Table I); Peijnenburg & Goetze, 2013 (p.2765, genetic data)
Ref.:
Bradford & Jillett, 1974 (p.6, 13, figs.F,M); Greenwood, 1976 (p.8, figs.F); Fleminger, 1985 (p.276, 284, Table 1, 4, fig.M, Rem.: A1); Bradford, 1988 (Rem., p.74, 76); Nishida, 1989 (p.173, table 2, no M dorsal hump); Hirakawa, 1991 (p.376: fig.2); Bradfod-Grieve, 1994 (p.35, figs.F,M, fig.98); Chihara Murano, 1997 (p.737, Pl.63: F,M); Barthélémy, 1999 a (p.10, Fig.14, A, E); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.877, 906, 907, figs.F,M); Bucklin & al., 2003 (p.335, tab.2, fig. 4, Biomol.); Conway & al., 2003 (p.145, figs.F,M, Rem.); Boxshall & Halsey, 2004 (p.81: figs.F,M); Mulyadi, 2004 (p.8, 20, figs.F,M, Rem.); Phukham, 2008 (p.112, figs.M); Lacuna & al., 2013 (p.74, Figs.F,M, Rem.)
Espèce Cosmocalanus darwini - Planche 1 de figures morphologiquesissued from : J.M. Bradford-Grieve in The Marine Fauna of New Zealand: Pelagic Calanoid Copepoda. National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA). New Zealand Oceanographic Institute Memoir, 102, 1994. [p.37, Fig.13].
Female: A, habitus (left lateral side); B, genital somite and pedigerous segment 5 (right side); C, P3; D, P5; I, genital somite and pedigerous segment 5 from a another specimen (different station).
Nota: Inner edge of coxa of P5 with teeth. Basis of P2-P3 with posterior surface spinules.

Male: E, habitus (dorsal); F, right P5: G, left P5; H, detail of the distal part of left P5.


Espèce Cosmocalanus darwini - Planche 2 de figures morphologiquesissued from : J.M. Bradford & J.B. Jillett in Crustaceana, 1974, 27 (1). [p.14, Fig.2, C,J].
Female: C, P2.

Male: J, P5.


Espèce Cosmocalanus darwini - Planche 3 de figures morphologiquesissued from: Q.-c Chen & S.-z. Zhang in Studia Marina Sinica, 1965, 7. [Pl.4, 6-11]. As Undinula darwinii.
Female (from E China Sea): 6, habitus (dorsal); 7, idem (lateral right side); 8, P3 (posterior); 9, P5 (posterior).

Male: 10, habitus (dorsal); 11, P5 (posterior).


Espèce Cosmocalanus darwini - Planche 4 de figures morphologiquesissued from : J.G. Greenwood in Proc. R. Soc. Qd, 1976, 87. [p.19, Fig.3, d].
Female (from Moreton Bay, E Australia): d, posterior metasomal segment and urosome (lateral left side).


Espèce Cosmocalanus darwini - Planche 5 de figures morphologiquesissued from : W. Giesbrecht in Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19. [Taf.8, Fig.37].
Male: 37, P5.


Espèce Cosmocalanus darwini - Planche 6 de figures morphologiquesissued from : R.B.S. Sewell in Mem. Indian Mus., 1929, X. [p.44, Fig.11]. As Undinula darwini forma typica.
Female (from N Indian Ocean): a, posterior thoracic margin and abdomen (lateral right side); b, A2; c, Mx2; d, Mxp; e, P1; f, P2; g, P2 abnormal (endopod of 2 segments only); h, P3; j, P5.


Espèce Cosmocalanus darwini - Planche 7 de figures morphologiquesissued from : R.B.S. Sewell in Mem. Indian Mus., 1929, X. [p.46, Fig.12]. Undinula darwini var. intermedia.
Female (from N Indian Ocean): a, posterior thoracic margin and urosome (lateral left side); b, Md; c, P3; d, P5.


Espèce Cosmocalanus darwini - Planche 8 de figures morphologiquesissued from : T. Mori in The pelagic Copepoda from the neighbouring waters of Japan, 1937 (1964). [Pl.5, Figs.6-12]. As Calanus darwinii.
Female: 6-7, habitus (lateral and dorsal, respectively); 8, P5; 11, P3; 12, P2.

Male: 9, P5; 10, habitus (lateral).


Espèce Cosmocalanus darwini - Planche 9 de figures morphologiquesissued from : S. Ohtsuka & R. Huys in Hydrobiologia, 2001, 453/454. [p.453, Fig.8].
Male (from Japan): A, left exopodal segments (arrowed part magnified in B); B, magnification of terminal inner surface of outer process on 2nd segment.
Scale bars: 0.1 mm (A); 0.01 mm (B).

Nota: The 2nd exopodal segment of the left P5 bears patches of fine granules which may also function ib graping the spermatophore.


Espèce Cosmocalanus darwini - Planche 10 de figures morphologiquesissued from : G.D. Grice in Fish. Bull. Fish and Wildl. Ser., 1962, 61. [p.179, Pl.2, Figs.1-4]. As Undinula darwini f. typica.
Female (from equatorial Pacific): 1, posterior part of thorax and genital segment (dorsal); 2, segments 6 and 7 of A1; 3-4, posterior part of thorax and urosome ( left and right side, respectively).


Espèce Cosmocalanus darwini - Planche 11 de figures morphologiquesissued from : G.D. Grice in Fish. Bull. Fish and Wildl. Ser., 1962, 61. [p.179, Pl.2, Figs.5-6]. As Undinula darwini f. symmetrica.
Female (from equatorial Pacific): 5-6, posterior part of thorax and genital segment (right and left side, respectively).


Espèce Cosmocalanus darwini - Planche 12 de figures morphologiquesissued from : G.D. Grice in Fish. Bull. Fish and Wildl. Ser., 1962, 61. [p.179, Pl.2, Figs.7-9]. As Undinula darwini f. intermedia.
Female (from equatorial Pacific): 7-8, posterior part of thorax and urosome (left side); 9, same (right side).


Espèce Cosmocalanus darwini - Planche 13 de figures morphologiquesissued from : R.-M. Barthélémy in These Doct. Univ. Provence (Aix-Marseille I), 1999. [Fig.14, A]. Female (from 30°45'S, 173°16'E): A, external ventral view genital double-somite.
go = genital operculum; Note the anterior thick pad (arrow).
Scale bar: 0.100 mm.


Espèce Cosmocalanus darwini - Planche 14 de figures morphologiquesissued from : R.-M. Barthélémy in These Doct. Univ. Provence (Aix-Marseille I), 1999. [Fig.14, E]. Female: internal genital area.
m2 = egg-laying ducts muscles; ed = egg-laying duct; sh = shell ducts.
Scale bar: 0.020 mm.


Espèce Cosmocalanus darwini - Planche 15 de figures morphologiquesissued from : A. Fleminger in Mar. Biol., 1985, 88. [p.284, Fig.6 B].
Male (from N Pacific, subarctic): Left A1 proximal segments (ventral view);
Nota: see remarks in Calanus s.l. pacificus californicus (Fleminger, 1985, p.275) concerning the dimorphism in the female A1.


Espèce Cosmocalanus darwini - Planche 16 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : G.S. Brady in Rep. Scient. Results Voy. Challenger, Zool., 1883, 8 (23). [Pl.XVI, Figs1-14]. As Undina darwinii.
Female: 3, A1; 4, apical segments (magnified); 6, Md; 7, Mx1; 8, Mx2; 9, Mxp; 10, exopodite and basis of P3; 14, urosome.

Male: 1, habitus (lateral); 2, A1; 11, right P5; 12, left P5; 13, urosome.


Espèce Cosmocalanus darwini - Planche 17 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 8, Fig.11]. As Calanus darwinii.
Female: 11, P3 (anterior view).


Espèce Cosmocalanus darwini - Planche 18 de figures morphologiquesissued from : N. Phukham in Species diversity of calanoid copepods in Thai waters, Andaman Sea (Master of Science, Univ. Bangkok). 2008. [p.195, Fig.69].
Male (from W Malay Peninsula): a-b, habitus (dorsal and lateral, respectively); c, P5.

Body length after the drawing: M = 1.600 mm.


Espèce Cosmocalanus darwini - Planche 19 de figures morphologiquesissued from : J.M. Bradford-Grieve, E.L. Markhaseva & C.E.F. Rocha & B. Abiahy in South Atlantic Zooplankton, Edit. D. Boltovskoy. 1999. Vol.2. Copepoda. [p.980, Fig. 7.17].
Male: P5 (L = left leg; r = right leg).

Nota: Left P5 highly modified, of complex structure (prehensile). Coxa of left and right P5 legs with teeth on the inner edge . Exopodite 2 of P2 without invaginated outer proximal border.


Espèce Cosmocalanus darwini - Planche 20 de figures morphologiquesissued from : Mulyadi in Published by Res. Center Biol., Indonesia Inst. Sci. Bogor, 2004. [p.21, Fig.8].
Female (from Indonesian Seas): a, habitus (dorsal); b, last thoracic segment and urosome (lateral right side).

Male: c, habitus (dorsal); d, P5.


Espèce Cosmocalanus darwini - Planche 21 de figures morphologiquesissued from : Mulyadi in Published by Res. Center Biol., Indonesia Inst. Sci. Bogor, 2004. [p.22, Fig.9].
Female: a-e, P1 to P5, respectively: f-i, variations of left posterior ends of last thoracic segment.


Espèce Cosmocalanus darwini - Planche 22 de figures morphologiquesssued from : M.L.D.G. Lacuna, D.C. Sagrado, R.O. Mejorada, D.D. Simyunn & M.J.J. Pueblos in ABAH Bioflux, 2013, 5 (1). [p.74, Fig.29].
Female (from Mindanao): a, habitus (dorsal).

Male: b, habitus (dorsal).

Nota: Body dark brown coloration in live specimens.


Espèce Cosmocalanus darwini - Planche 23 de figures morphologiquesssued from : M.L.D.G. Lacuna, D.C. Sagrado, R.O. Mejorada, D.D. Simyunn & M.J.J. Pueblos in ABAH Bioflux, 2013, 5 (1). [p.75, Fig.30].
Female : a, urosome (ventral).

Male: b, urosome (dorsal).

Nota: Each caudal ramus has 6 setae with the 2nd seta much longer than the rest.


Espèce Cosmocalanus darwini - Planche 24 de figures morphologiquesssued from : M.L.D.G. Lacuna, D.C. Sagrado, R.O. Mejorada, D.D. Simyunn & M.J.J. Pueblos in ABAH Bioflux, 2013, 5 (1). [p.75, Figs.31, 32].
Female: a, left A1; b, right A1.

Male: c, left A1; d, right A1.

Nota: Both A1 female 25-segmented; A1 male 24-segmented


Espèce Cosmocalanus darwini - Planche 25 de figures morphologiquesssued from : M.L.D.G. Lacuna, D.C. Sagrado, R.O. Mejorada, D.D. Simyunn & M.J.J. Pueblos in ABAH Bioflux, 2013, 5 (1). [p.76, Fig.33].
Female: a, P1; b, P2; c, P3; d, P4; e, P5.


Espèce Cosmocalanus darwini - Planche 26 de figures morphologiquesssued from : M.L.D.G. Lacuna, D.C. Sagrado, R.O. Mejorada, D.D. Simyunn & M.J.J. Pueblos in ABAH Bioflux, 2013, 5 (1). [p.77, Fig.34].
Male: a, P2; b, P3; c, P4; d, P5.

Nota: Right P5 smaller, biramous, with exopod and endopod 3-segmented. The inner margin of basipodal segment serrated. Left P5 uniramous, having 3-segmented highly modified exopod and rudimentary endopod, the inner margin of basipodal segment with spinules; the 2nd exopodal segment bears an elongated external spine with an inner-like projection, while the 3rd segment is widened and armed with a stout bifurcate process; the tooth on the inner margin of the outer arm is at or near the center.


Espèce Cosmocalanus darwini - Planche 27 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : M. Chihara & M. Murano in An Illustrated Guide to Marine Plankton in Japan, 1997. [p.742, Pl. 63, fig.14 a-e].
Female: c, P5; d, habitus (lateral); f, posterior corner of last thoracic segment and urosome (lateral).

Male: e, habitus (lateral); a, P5.


Espèce Cosmocalanus darwini - Planche 28 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : V.N. Andronov in Russian Acad. Sci. P.P. Shirshov Inst. Oceanol. Atlantic Branch, Kaliningrad, 2014. [p.73, Fig.19, 10]. Cosmocalanus darwinii after Brodsky, 1972.
Male P5.


Espèce Cosmocalanus darwini - Planche 29 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : M.C. Kos in Field guide for plankton. Zool Institute USSR Acad., Vol. I, 1972. As Undinula darwinii. After Brodsky, 1962.
Female: 1-2, habitus (dorsal and lateral, respectively); 3-4, last thoracic segment (left side) and 1st abdominal segment ('forma b'); 5-6, same, left and right corner ('forma A'); 7, coxopodite of P5;
male: 8, habitus (dorsal); 9, P5; 10, P5 (teeth on left and right basis, anterior region).

Ref. compl.:
Stephen & Iyer, 1979 (p.228, tab.1, 3, 4, figs.3, 4); Stephen, 1984 (p.161, 169, Distribution vs thermocline & geographic); Madhupratap & Haridas, 1986 (p.105, tab.1); 1990 (p.305, fig.6: vertical distribution night/day; fig.7: cluster); Heinrich, 1990 (p.16); Hirakawa & al., 1990 (tab.3); Othman & al., 1990 (p.561, 563, Table 1); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.68); Madhupratap & al., 1996 (p.866); Padmavati & Goswami, 1996 a (p.85, fig.3, Table 4, vertical distribution); Kotani & al., 1996 (tab.2); Park & Choi, 1997 (Appendix); Wong & al, 1998 (tab.2); Smith S. & al., 1998 (p.2369, Table 6, moonsoon effects); Padmavati & al., 1998 (p.349); Stephen, 1998 (p.339, 340, chart); Suarez-Morales, 1998 (p.345, Table 1); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p108); Hassett & Boehlert, 1999 (p.571); Lo & al., 2001 (1139, tab.I); Madhupratap & al., 2001 (p. 1345, vertical distribution vs. O2, figs.4, 5: clusters, p.1353: Rem.); Hernandez-Trujillo & Suarez-Morales, 2002 (p.748, tab.1); Hwang & al., 2003 (p.193, tab.2); Shimode & Shirayama, 2004 (tab.2); Hsiao & al., 2004 (p.325, tab.1); Hsieh & al. 2004 (p.397,tab. 1); Lan & al., 2004 (p.332, tab.1, tab.2); Lo & al.*, 2004 (p.218, tab.1, fig.6); Gallienne & al., 2004 (p.5, tab.3); Lo & al., 2004 (p.89, tab.1); Prusova & Smith, 2005 (p.76); Zuo & al., 2006 (p.162: tab.1); Schmitt & al., 2006 (p.287, swimming behavior); Hwang & al., 2006 (p.943, tab.I); Hwang & al., 2007 (p.23); Dur & al., 2007 (p.197, Table IV); Jitlang & al., 2008 (p.65, Table 1); McKinnon & al., 2008 (p.843, fig.7: Table 1); Humphrey, 2008 (p.84: Appendix A); Morales-Ramirez & Suarez-Morales, 2008 (p.518); Fernandes, 2008 (p.465, Tabl.2); Wishner & al., 2008 (p.163, Table 2, fig.8, oxycline); Lan Y.C. & al., 2008 (p.61, Table 1, % vs stations); Tseng L.-C. & al., 2008 (p.153, Table 2, fig.5, occurrence vs geographic distribution, indicator species); Tseng & al., 2008 (p.402, Table 2); C.-Y. Lee & al., 2009 (p.151, Tab.2); Tseng & al., 2009 (p.327, fig.5, feeding); W Zhang & al., 2009 (p.266: table 2); Lan Y.-C. & al., 2009 (p.1, Table 2, % vs hydrogaphic conditions); Cornils & al., 2010 (p.2076, Table 3); Xu & Gao, 2011 (p.514, figs.3, 4, Table 2: optimal salinity); Kâ & Hwang, 2011 (p.155, Table 3: occurrence %); Pillai H.U.K. & al., 2011 (p.239, Table 3, vertical distribution); Nowaczyk & al;, 2011 (p.2159, Table 2: in Mediterranean Sea); Hsiao S.H. & al., 2011 (p.475, 481: indicator species, Appendix I); Hsiao & al., 2011 (p.232, Table 1: abundance, %, Table 2: trace metal concentration, vs transect); Hsiao & al., 2011 (p.317, Table 2, indicator of seasonal change); Guo & al., 2011 (p.567, table 2, indicator); Tseng L.-C. & al., 2011 (p.47, Table 2, occurrences vs mesh sizes); DiBacco & al., 2012 (p.483, Table S1, ballast water transport): Johan & al., 2012 (2013) (p.1, Table 1); Mulyadi & Rumengan, 2012 (p.202, Rem.: p.204); Tseng & al., 2012 (p.621, Table 3: abundance); Jang M.-C & al., 2012 (p.37, abundance and seasonal distribution); Hsiao & Fang, 2013 (p.175, Hg bioaccumulation); Tseng & al., 2013 (p.507, seasonal abundance); Tseng & al., 2013 a (p.1, Table 3, 4, abundance); Jagadeesan & al., 2013 (p.27, Table 3, seasonal abundance); Hirai & al., 2013 (p.1, Table I, molecular marker); Hwang & al., 2014 (p.43, Appendix A: seasonal abundance); Zakaria & al., 2016 (p.1, Table 1, Rem.)
NZ: 16

Carte de distribution de Cosmocalanus darwini par zones géographiques
Espèce Cosmocalanus darwini - Carte de distribution 3issued from : R. Stephen in Pelagic Biogeography ICoPB II. Proc. 2nd Int. Conf. Final report of SCOR/IOC working group 93. 9-14 July 1995. Workshop Rep. No.142. UNESCO, 1998.
P.340, Fig.2: Distribution of Cosmocalanus darwini in the Indian Ocean.
Espèce Cosmocalanus darwini - Carte de distribution 4issued from : T.L. Hayward in Mar. Biol., 1980, 58. [p.299, Fig.2].
Plots of day (open circle) and night (filled circle) depth distributions of Undinula (= Cosmocalanus) darwini in the North Pacific central gyre (main sampling location: 25°N, 155°W with drogue), September 1968.
Espèce Cosmocalanus darwini - Carte de distribution 5issued from : T.L. Hayward in Mar. Biol., 1980, 58. [p.302, Fig.4].
Day and night feeding indices (relative degree of gut fullness of copepods collected under differing environmental conditions) for females Undinula (= Cosmocalanus) darwini from N Pacific central gyre (main sampling location: 28°N, 155°W), June 1973.
Numbers in abscisse : stations.
Espèce Cosmocalanus darwini - Carte de distribution 6Issued from : M. Madhupratap & P. Haridas in J. Plankton Res., 12 (2). [p.313, Fig.6].
Vertical distribution of calanoid copepod (mean +1 SE), abundance No/100 m3. 67- Cosmocalanus darwini.
Night: shaded, day: unshaded.
Samples collected from 6 stations located off Cochin (India), SE Arabian Sea, November 1983, with a Multiple Closing Plankton Net (mesh aperture 300 µm), in vertical hauls at 4 depth intervalls (0-200, 200-400, 400-600, 600-1000 m).
Loc:
South Africa (E & W), Namibia, Atlant. (tropical), S Argentina, Brazil, Caribbean, Yucatan, G. of Mexico, Bermuda, Hudson Bay (in Wilson, 1936 d), Medit. (NW, Algero- Provensal Basin, Sicily Channel, Ionian, W Egyptian coast, Lebanon Basin), Suez Canal, Red Sea, Natal, Madagascar, Nosy Bé, Rodrigues Is. - Seychelles, G. of Aden, Arabian Sea, Maldive Is., Sri Lanka, India (Goa - Gujarat, G. of Mannar, Palk Bay, Madras, Lawson's Bay, Hooghly estuary), Indian (equatorial), E India, Bay of Bengal, Nicobar Is. (Nankauri Harbour), Barren Island, S Burma, W Malay Peninsula, W Pacif. (equatorial), W Australia, Thailand, Indonesia-Malaysia, Sarawak: Bintulu coast, Java Sea, Flores Sea, Ambon Bay, N Celebes, Philippines (Mindanao), Viet-Nam (Cauda Bay), Gulf of Tonkin, China Seas (Yellow Sea, East China Sea, South China Sea), Taiwan Strait, Taiwan (S, E, SW, W, NW, N, Mienhua Canyon, NE), Kueishan Is., Okinawa, S Korea, Korea Strait, Japan Sea, Japan, off Japan (Kuchinoerabu Is., SE & NE), Bering Sea, off Kamchatka, Caroline-Marshall Is., Hawaii, Kaneohe Bay, off NE Hawaii, California, W Baja California, Gulf of California, G. of Tehuantepec, W Mexico, W Costa Rica, Costa Rica (Dome), Clipperton Is., N Pacific (central gyre), Pacif. (equatorial), Australia (G. of Carpentaria, Great Barrier, Moreton Bay, off Sydney), New Zealand, New Caledonia, Galapagos- Zcuador, off Peru, Chile
N: 179
Lg.:
(28) M: 1,85-1,63; (34) F: 2,2-2,16; (35) F: 2,5-2,1; M: 2,1-1,9; (47) F: 2,2-1,6; M: 1,8-1,7; (66) F: 2,26-2; M: 2,22-1,95; (101) F: 2,07-1,8; M: 1,8-1,6; (104) F: 2,25; M: 1,8; (125) F: 2,56-2,13; M: 2,1-1,93; (150) F: 2,35-1,97; M: 1,85-1,77; (187) F: 2,58-2,45; M: 2,23-2,03; (196) F: 2,4-2,3; M: 2,35-2,03; (290) F: 2,3-1,95; M: 2,15-1,8; (333) M: 1,72; (334) F: 2,3-1,66; M: 2-1,8; (530) F: 2; M: 1,8; (786) F: 2,39-2,08; M: 2,3-1,97; (795) F: 2,5; M: 2; (864) F: 1,68-2,26; (991) F: 1,6-2,4; M: 1,63-2,05; (1122)* F: 1,25; M: 1,2; (1130) F: 1,7; M: 1,6; (1230) F: 1,8-2,4; M: 1,8-1,9; {F: 1,25-2,58; M: 1,20-2,35}
*: The lengths given by Mulyadi (2004) are exceptionally small.
Rem.: Epipélagique, parfois plus en profondeur.
Cosmocalanus darwini intermedia (Sewell,1929) (F) Syn.: Undinula darwini intermedia Sewell, 1929 (p.45, figs.F); Vervoort, 1946 (p.80, Rem.); Sewell, 1951 (p.367); Grice, 1962 (p.180, figs.F); Kasturirangan, 1963 (p.14, fig.F); Silas, 1972 (p.644).
Ref.: Bradford-Grieve, 1994 (p.35, Rem.)
Loc.: Inde, Indo-Malaisie, Nouvelle-Zélande
Lg.: (28) F: 2,15-1,75; (101) F: 2,07-1,84
Cosmocalanus darwini typica (Sewell,1929) (F)
Syn.: Undinula darwini typica Sewell, 1929 (p.43, figs.F); Vervoort, 1946 (p.78, Rem.); Sewell, 1951 (p.367); Grice, 1962 (p.180, figs.F); Kasturirangan, 1963 (p.14, fig.F)
Ref.: Bradford-Grieve, 1994 (p.35)
Loc.: Inde, Indo-Malaisie, Nouvelle-Zélande Lg.: (28) F: 2,05-1,8; (29) F: 1,66; (101) F: 2,18-1,8
Cosmocalanus darwini symmetrica (Sewell,1929) (F,M)
Syn.: Undinula darwini symmetrica Sewell, 1929 (p.45); Vervoort, 1946 (p.78, Rem.); Sewell, 1951 (p.367); Grice, 1961 (1962) (p.180, figs.F); Kasturirangan, 1963 (p.14, fig.F); Vidal,1968 (p.17, figs.F,M); Silas, 1972 (p.644).
Loc.: Inde, Indo-Malaisie
Lg.: (28) F: 2,05-1,7; (101) F: 2,04-1,8; (187) F: 2,58-2,45; M: 2,23-2,03
Voir aussi les remarques en anglais
Dernière mise à jour : 20/06/2020

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Razouls C., de Bovée F., Kouwenberg J. et Desreumaux N., 2005-2020. - Diversité et répartition géographique chez les Copépodes planctoniques marins. Sorbonne Université, CNRS. Disponible sur http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr [Accédé le 28 septembre 2020]

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