Fiche d'espèce de Copépode
Calanoida ( Ordre )
    Diaptomoidea ( Superfamille )
        Centropagidae ( Famille )
            Centropages ( Genre )
Centropages violaceus  (Claus, 1863)   (F,M)
Syn.: Ichthyophorba violacea Claus,1863 (p.199, Descr.M, figs.M);
no Centropages violaceus : Brady, 1883 (p.83, figs.F,M); Farran, 1929 (p.255: Rem. for C. bradyi)
Ref.:
Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.304, 321, 771, figs.F,M); Thompson, 1888 d (p.142); Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.57, Rem. F,M); T. Scott, 1894 b (p.78); Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.57); Wheeler, 1901 (p.174); Thompson & Scott, 1903 (p.234, 246); A. Scott, 1909 (p.114, Rem.); Wolfenden, 1911 (p.356); Pesta, 1920 (p.523); Sars, 1925 (p.206); Mori, 1929 (p.174, figs.F); Candeias, 1926 (1929) (p.39, figs.F,M); Rose, 1929 (p.32); Farran, 1929 (p.209, 255); Sewell, 1932 (p.232, Rem.); Mori, 1937 (1964) (p.63, figs.F,M); Dakin & Colefax, 1933 (p.206); Rose, 1933 a (p.186, figs.F,M); Massuti Alzamora, 1942 (p.93); Lysholm & al., 1945 (p.32); Farran, 1948 (n°11, p.3, figs.F,M); Chiba, 1956 (figs.M, Rem., p.34, 57); Chiba & al., 1957 (p.308); Furnestin, 1960 (p.176, fig.F); Tanaka, 1960 (p.47, Rem. juv.F); Crisafi, 1960 b (p.503, figs.F,M, juv.); Paiva, 1963 (p.56); Björnberg, 1963 (p.44); Vervoort, 1964 b (p.309); 1965 (p.91, Rem.); Neto & Paiva, 1966 (p.25); Owre & Foyo, 1967 (p.75, figs.F,M); Park, 1968 (p.557, figs.F,M, Rem.); Corral Estrada, 1970 (p.183); Razouls, 1972 (p.94, Annexe: p.60, fig.F); Marques, 1973 (p.239, fig.F); 1974 (p.17); Björnberg, 1981 (p.644, figs.F,M); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.767, Pl. 83, 86: F,M); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.53, 101); Barthélémy, 1999 a (p.75, figs.9, 36, 38: shell gland); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.884, 951, figs.F,M); Bradford-Grieve,1999 b (p.140, figs.F,M, figs.180, 192); Conway & al., 2003 (p.120, figs.F,M, Rem.); Avancini & al., 2006 (p.97, Pl. 66, figs.F,M, Rem.); Vives & Shmeleva, 2007 (p.478, figs.F,M, Rem.); Blanco-Bercial & al., 2011 (p.103, Table 1, molecular biology, phylogeny)
Espèce Centropages violaceus - Planche 1 de figures morphologiquesissued from : T. Park in Fishery Bull. Fish Wildl. Serv. U.S., 1968, 66 (3). [p.556, Pl.9, Figs.5-11].
Female (tropical Central North Pacific): 5, habitus (dorsal); 6, posterior part of metasome and urosome (lateral right side); 7, idem (ventral); 8, P5.
Nota: The second urosomal segment ventrally lacks the knoblike projection shown in the figure by Giesbrecht (1892).

Male: 9, P5 (anterior); 10, distal part of exopod of left P5; 11, exopod of right P5.


Espèce Centropages violaceus - Planche 2 de figures morphologiquesissued from : T. Mori in The pelagic Copepoda from the neifhbouring waters of Japan. S. Shirai ed., Tokyo, 1937; 2nd edit, 1964. [Pl.31, Figs.8-14].
Female: 8, habitus (dorsal); 13, P5; 14, genital segment (ventral).

Male: 9, left P5; 10, habitus (dorsal); 11, right P5; 12, P5.


Espèce Centropages violaceus - Planche 3 de figures morphologiquesissued from : C. Razouls in Th. Doc. Etat Fac. Sc. Paris VI, 1972, Annexe. [Fig.47, E].
Female (from Banyuls, G. of Lion): E, exopodal segment 2 of P5.


Espèce Centropages violaceus - Planche 4 de figures morphologiquesissued from T. Mori in Zool. Mag. Tokyo, 1929, 41 (486-487). [Pl. V, Figs. 20-24].
Female (from Chosen Strait, Korea-Japan): 20, urosome (dorsal); 21, P1; 22, P5; 23, P4; 24, habitus (lateral).


Espèce Centropages violaceus - Planche 5 de figures morphologiquesissued from T. Mori in Zool. Mag. Tokyo, 1929, 41 (486-487). [Pl. VI, Fig.1].
Female: A1.


Espèce Centropages violaceus - Planche 6 de figures morphologiquesissued from : R.-M. Barthélémy in These Doct. Univ. Provence (Aix-Marseille I), 1999. [Fig.9, E]. Female (from Gulf of Marseille, NW Mediterranean Sea): E, external ventral view genital double-somite.
go = genital operculum; asterisks = atrial cavity.
Scale bar: 0.100 mm.


Espèce Centropages violaceus - Planche 7 de figures morphologiquesissued from : C. Razouls in Th. Doc. Etat Fac. Sc. Paris VI, 1972, Annexe. [Fig.49, C-D].
Male (from Banyuls): C-D, P5 (left and right, respectively).


Espèce Centropages violaceus - Planche 8 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.18, Figs.8, 15].
Female: 8, proximal segments of A1 (ventral view); 15, Mx1 (posterior view).


Espèce Centropages violaceus - Planche 9 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.18, Fig.24].
Female: 24, P1 (postrior view).


Espèce Centropages violaceus - Planche 10 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.17, Fig.44].
Female: 44, exopod of P5 (posterior view).


Espèce Centropages violaceus - Planche 11 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.18, Fig.1].
Male: 1, right A1 (segments 13 to 19-21; ventral view).


Espèce Centropages violaceus - Planche 12 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.17, Figs.29, 30].
Male: 29, exopod of right P5 (anterior view); 30, exopod of left P5 (anterior view).


Espèce Centropages violaceus - Planche 13 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.38, Figs.16, 18].
Female: 16, urosome (lateral); 18, urosome (ventral).

Ref. compl.:
Rose, 1924 d (p.478); 1925 (p.152); Wilson, 1942 a (p.177); Massuti Alzamora, 1942 (p.93, Rem.); C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.188); Duran, 1955 (p.52); Cervigon, 1962 (p.181, tables: abundance distribution); Gaudy, 1962 (p.93, 99, Rem.: p.110); Duran, 1963 (p.22, Rem.); Giron-Reguer, 1963 (p.49); V.N. Greze, 1963 a (tabl.2); Shmeleva, 1963 (p.141); Ahlstrom & Thrailkill, 1963 (p.57, Table 5, abundance); Björnberg, 1963 (p.44, Rem.); Mazza, 1964 (p.293, weight); Grice & Hulsemann, 1965 (p.224); Shmeleva, 1965 b (p.1350, lengths-volume -weight relation); Neto & Paiva, 1966 (p.25, Table III); Mazza, 1966 (p.71); 1967 (p.328, 329, 360: Rem.); Kimor & Berdugo, 1967 (p.23); Pavlova, 1966 (p.44); Mazza, 1967 (p.377); Fleminger, 1967 a (tabl.1); Séguin, 1968 (p.488); Evans, 1968 (p.12); Delalo, 1968 (p.138); Berdugo & Kimor, 1968 (p.447, Rem.); Dowidar & El-Maghraby, 1970 (p.267); Deevey, 1971 (p.224); Carli, 1971 (p.372, tab.1); Binet & al., 1972 (p.73); Apostolopoulou, 1972 (p.328, 358, fig.6); Roe, 1972 (p.277, tabl.1, tabl.2); Bainbridge, 1972 (p.61, Appendix Table II: vertical distribution); Guglielmo, 1973 (p.399); Harding, 1974 (p.141, tab. 3, gut contents); Corral Estrada & Pereiro Muñoz, 1974 (tab.I); Vives & al., 1975 (p.47, tab.II, III, IV); Deevey & Brooks, 1977 (p.256, tab.2, Station "S"); Dessier, 1979 (p.89, 205); Vaissière & Séguin, 1980 (p.23, tab.2); Svetlichnyi, 1980 (p.28, Table 1, passive submersion); Vives, 1982 (p.292); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.84); Tremblay & Anderson, 1984 (p.4, Rem.); De Decker, 1984 (p.316); Scotto di Carlo & al., 1984 (1043); Regner, 1985 (p.11, Rem.: p.33); Brenning, 1985 (p.5, Rem.: p.8); 1985 a (p.28, Table 2); Moraitou-Apostolopoulou, 1985 (p.303, occurrence/abundance in E Mediterranean Sea); Jansa, 1985 (p.108, Tabl. II, III, IV, V); Lozano Soldevilla & al., 1988 (p.59); Suarez & al., 1990 (tab.2); Suarez & Gasca, 1991 (tab.2); Suarez, 1992 (App.1); Seguin & al., 1993 (p.26, Rem.); Kouwenberg, 1994 (tab.1); Park & Choi, 1997 (Appendix); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1997 (p.1525); Alvarez- Cadena & al., 1998 (tab.1,3,4); Mauchline, 1998 (tab.30, 61, 64); Suarez-Morales, 1998 (p.345, Table 1); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p109); Neumann-Leitao & al., 1999 (p.153, tab.2); Siokou- Frangou, 1999 (p.476); Seridji & Hafferssas, 2000 (tab.1); El-Sherif & Aboul Ezz, 2000 (p.61, Table 3: occurrence); Holmes, 2001 (p.23); Zerouali & Melhaoui, 2002 (p.91, Tableau I); Beaugrand & al., 2002 (p.179, figs.5, 6); Vukanic, 2003 (139, tab.1); Daly Yahia & al., 2004 (p.366, fig.4); CPR, 2004 (p.53, fig.149); Isari & al., 2006 (p.241, tab.II); Dias & Araujo, 2006 (p.37, Rem., chart); Khelifi-Touhami & al., 2007 (p.327, Table 1); Neumann-Leitao & al., 2008 (p.799: Tab.II, fig.6); Gaard & al., 2008 (p.59, Table 1, N Mid-Atlantic Ridge); Selifonova & al., 2008 (p.305, Tabl. 2); Raybaud & al., 2008 (p.1765, Table A1); Brugnano & al., 2010 (p.312, Table 2, 3); Schnack-Schiel & al., 2010 (p.2064, Table 2: E Atlantic subtropical/tropical); Dias & al., 2010 (p.230, Table 1); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.424); Selifonova, 2011 a (p.77, Table 1, alien species in Black Sea); Mazzocchi & al., 2011 (p.1163, Table II, fig.6, long-term time-series 1984-2006); Andersen N.G. & al., 2011 (p.71, Fig.3: abundance); Isari & al., 2011 (p.51, Table 2, abundance vs distribution); Mazzocchi & al., 2012 (p.135, annual abundance 1984-2006); Uysal & Shmeleva, 2012 (p.909, Table I); Salah S. & al., 2012 (p.155, Tableau 1); Gubanova & al., 2013 (in press, p.4, Table 2); Belmonte & al., 2013 (p.222, Table 2, abundance vs stations); in CalCOFI regional list (MDO, Nov. 2013; M. Ohman, comm. pers.); Lidvanov & al., 2013 (p.290, Table 2, % composition); Zaafa & al., 2014 (p.67, Table I, occurrence); Bonecker & al., 2014 (p.445, Table II: frequency, horizontal & vertical distributions); Dias & al., 2015 (p.483, Table 2, abundance, biomass, production); Zakaria & al., 2016 (p.1, Table 1); Benedetti & al., 2016 (p.159, Table I, fig.1, functional characters); Ben Ltaief & al., 2017 (p.1, Table III, Summer relative abundance); Marques-Rojas & Zoppi de Roa, 2017 (p.495, Table 1); Benedetti & al., 2018 (p.1, Fig.2: ecological functional group); Belmonte, 2018 (p.273, Table I: Italian zones); Abo-Taleb & Gharib, 2018 (p.139, Table 5, occurrence %); Chaouadi & Hafferssas, 2018 (p.913, Table II: occurrence).
NZ: 19

Carte de distribution de Centropages violaceus par zones géographiques
Espèce Centropages violaceus - Carte de distribution 3issued from : A.A. Shmeleva in Bull. Inst. Oceanogr., Monaco, 1965, 65 (n°1351). [Table 6: 28 ]. Centropages violaceus (from South Adriatic).
Dimensions, volume and Weight wet. Means for 50-60 specimens. Volume and weight calculated by geometrical method. Assumed that the specific gravity of the Copepod body is equal to 1, then the volume will correspond to the weight.
Espèce Centropages violaceus - Carte de distribution 4issued from : C. de O. Dias & A.V. Araujo in Atlas Zoopl. reg. central da Zona Econ. exclus. brasileira, S.L. Costa Bonecker (Edit), 2006, Série Livros 21. [p.37].
Chart of occurrence in Brazilian waters (sampling between 22°-23° S).
Nota: sampling only 4 specimens.
Loc:
South Africa, off NE Tristan da Cunha, Congo, G. of Guinea, Ivorian shelf, off E St. Paul Is., Dakar, Cape Verde Is., Morocco-Mauritania, Cap Ghir, Canary Is., off Madeira, Azores, Brazil (Campos Basin, off Vitoria-Cabo de Sao Tomé, off Macaé, off N Trindade Is., off Natal, off Amazon, Yucatan, Caribbean Sea, Cariaco Basin, Jamaica, Caribbean, Venezuela, G. of Mexico, Cuba, Florida, Sargasso Sea, off Bermuda: Station ‘’ S’’ (32°10’N, 64°30’W), off E Cape Cod, Newfundland (SW & E), Ireland (S & W), Bay of Biscay, off Azores, Portugal, Ibero-moroccan Bay, Medit. (M'Diq, Alboran Sea, Habibas Is., Sidi Fredj coast, Gulf of Annaba, El Kala shelf, NW Tunisia, Castellon, Baleares, Banyuls, Marseille, Monaco, Genoa, Ligurian Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea, Napoli, Milazzo, Messina, Taranto, G. of Gabes, Malta, Adriatic Sea, Ionian Sea, Aegean Sea, Thracian Sea, Lebanon Basin, W Egyptian coast, Alexandria, W Black Sea), Sharm El-Sheikh, Safaga, Hurghada, Red Sea, Indian, Madagascar, Nicobar Is., Philippines, China Seas, S Korea, Japan, W Alaska, Aleutiean Is., Bering Sea, Bikini, off California, W Baja California, Australia (New South Wales), New Zealand, Fidji Is., off Hawaii (N & E), SW Mexico, off Galapagos, off Peru, NE Easter Is., E Tuamotu Is.
N: 171 (S Atlant.: 21; N Atlant.: 50; Medit.: 71; Black Sea: 3; Red Sea: 3; Indian: 8; Indo-Malaysia: 1; Pacif.: 10)
Lg.:
(16) F: 2,05-1,78; (35) F: 2,04-1,88; M: 1,92; (46) F: 1,92-1,76; M: 1,86-1,77; (72) F: 2,24-2,11; M: 2,17-2,04; (73) F: 1,95-1,93; M: 2,04-2,01; (199) F: 1,98-1,9; M: 1,98-1,9; (237) F: 2,2; M: 1,8; (360) F: 2,144-1,816; M: 2,116-1,874; (449) F: 1,92-1,76; M: 1,86-1,77; (920) F: 2,11; M: 2,1; (927) F: 2,12-2,16 [Fall]; 2,05-2,11 [summer]; M: 2,09-2,11 [Fall]; 2,07-2,13 [summer]; (991) F: 1,76-2,04; M: 1,77-1,92; (1308) F: 2,02; M: 1,82-1,92; {F: 1,76-2,24; M: 1,77-2,17}

The mean female size is 1.989 mm (n = 24; SD = 0.1474), and the mean male size is 1.958 mm (n = 23; SD = 0.1303). The size ratio (male : female) is 0.975 (n = 13; SD = 0.0544).
Rem.: épipélagique; océanique.
Voir aussi les remarques en anglais
Dernière mise à jour : 04/07/2020

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Razouls C., de Bovée F., Kouwenberg J. et Desreumaux N., 2005-2020. - Diversité et répartition géographique chez les Copépodes planctoniques marins. Sorbonne Université, CNRS. Disponible sur http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr [Accédé le 27 septembre 2020]

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