Fiche d'espèce de Copépode
Calanoida ( Ordre )
    Diaptomoidea ( Superfamille )
        Candaciidae ( Famille )
            Candacia ( Genre )
Candacia tenuimana  (Giesbrecht, 1889)   (F,M)
Syn.: Candace tenuimana Giesbrecht, 1889; 1892 (p.424, 439, 771, figs.F);
C. gracilimana Farran, 1908 b (p.85, figs.M); T. Scott, 1911 (p.118); Sewell, 1948 (p.483)
Ref.:
Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.128, Rem. F); A. Scott, 1909 (p.155, Rem.); Pesta, 1920 (p.539); Farran, 1926 (p.292, Rem.M); Rose, 1933 a (p.252, figs.F,M); Grice & Jones, 1960 (p.228, figs.F,M); Grice, 1962 (p.228, figs.F,M); 1963 (p.179, figs.F,M); Crisafi, 1963 (p.115, figs.F,M, juv.); Vervoort, 1965 (p.174, Rem.); Corral Estrada, 1970 (p.200, fig.F, Rem.); Bradford, 1970 a (p.362, figs.F,M); Razouls, 1972 (p.95, Annexe: p.89, figs.F,M); Lawson, 1977 (p.71, tab.2,3, fig.5); Mulyadi, 1997 a (p.100, Redescr.M, figs.M); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.885, 956, figs.F,M); Bradford-Grieve, 1999 b (p.174, figs.F,M, Rem., figs.183,193); Mulyadi, 2004 (p.98, figs.M, Rem.); Vives & Shmeleva, 2007 (p.455, figs.F,M, Rem.)
Espèce Candacia tenuimana - Planche 1 de figures morphologiquesissued from : Bradford-Grieve J.M. in The Marine Fauna of New Zealand: Pelagic Calanoid Copepoda. National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA). NIWA Biodiversity Memoir, 111, 1999. [p.175, Fig.125].
Female: A, urosome (dorsal); B, idem (left lateral side); C, P5.

Male: D, last thoracic segments and urosome (dorsal); E, urosome (right side); F, right A1; G, detail of segment proximal to ''knee'' joint on right A1; H, P5.


Espèce Candacia tenuimana - Planche 2 de figures morphologiquesissued from : J.M. Bradford in N.Z. Jl Mar. Freshw. Res., 1970, 4 (4). [p.361, Figs 75-77].
Female (off Kaikoura, New Zealand): 76, P5.
Male: 75, last thoracic segment and genital segment; 77, P5.
Scale bars represent 0.1 mm.


Espèce Candacia tenuimana - Planche 3 de figures morphologiquesissued from : J. Corral Estrada in Tesis Doct., Univ. Madrid, A-129, Sec. Biologicas, 1970. [Lam.52, fig.9].
Female: 9, P5.


Espèce Candacia tenuimana - Planche 4 de figures morphologiquesissued from : C. Razouls in Thèse Doc. Etat Fac. Sc. Paris VI, 1972, Annexe. [Fig.53, I, K].
Female (from Banyuls-sur-Mer, NW Gulf of Lion, Mediterranean Sea): I, P5; K, ending of distal segment of P5..


Espèce Candacia tenuimana - Planche 5 de figures morphologiquesissued from : C. Razouls in Thèse Doc. Etat Fac. Sc. Paris VI, 1972, Annexe. [Fig.54, D].
Male: D, P5.


Espèce Candacia tenuimana - Planche 6 de figures morphologiques issued from : G.P. Farran in Fish. Ire. Sci. Invest., 1906, II [1908]. [Pl. IX, Figs.7-14]. As Candacia gracilimana.
Female (from W Ireland): 7, P4 (3rd segment of exopodite); 8, P3 (3rd segment of exopodite); 9, P2 (3rd segment of exopodite); 10, Mx1; 11, last thoracic segment, genital segment and 2nd urosomal segment (dorsal); 12, A1 (hinge); 13, Mx2; 14, P5.


Espèce Candacia tenuimana - Planche 7 de figures morphologiquesissued from : G.D. Grice in Fish. Bull. Fish and Wildl. Ser., 1962, 61. [p.229, Pl.28, Figs.13-18].
Female (from 00°00'S, 149°38'W): 13-14, habitus (dorsal and lateral, respectively); 15, posterior part of thorax and urosome (dorsal); 16, genital segment (lateral); 17, Md (biting edge); 18, P5.
Nota: Genital segment slightly asymmetrical, the right side being more produced than the left.
Basal tooth of Md with 2 unequal cusps.
The innermost spine-like protrusion of the distal segment of P5 considerably longer than the other two.


Espèce Candacia tenuimana - Planche 8 de figures morphologiquesissued from : G.D. Grice in Fish. Bull. Fish and Wildl. Ser., 1962, 61. [p.230, Pl.29, Figs.1-4].
Male: 1, habitus (lateral); 2, posterior part of thorax and urosome (dorsal); 3, left P5; 4, right P5.
Nota: The spine-like protrusion on the right posterior thoracic margin with a bifid tip.
Genital segment produced to the right in the form of a narrow, curved, spine-like process.
Right P5 chelate.


Espèce Candacia tenuimana - Planche 9 de figures morphologiquesissued from : C. Razouls in Th. Doc. Etat Fac. Sc. Paris VI, 1972, Annexe. [Fig.53, I, K].
Female (from Banyuls, G. of Lion): I, P5; K, distal portion of P5 (enlarged).


Espèce Candacia tenuimana - Planche 10 de figures morphologiquesissued from : Mulyadi in Published by Res. Center Biol., Indonesia Inst. Sci. Bogor, 2004. [p.99, Fig.55].
Male (from 07°29'S, 121°05'E): A, habitus (dorsal); B, posterior part of last thoracic segment and urosome (dorsal); C, Mx2; D, P1; E, P3; F, P5; G, Md (gnathobase).

Nota: The male resembles C. longimana, but is distinguishable by the right posterolateral end of 5th metasomal somite and process on right margin of urosomite 1.


Espèce Candacia tenuimana - Planche 11 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : J.M. Bradford-Grieve, E.L. Markhaseva, C.E.F. Rocha & B. Abiahy in South Atlantic Zooplankton, edit. D. Boltovskoy. 1999, Vol. 2, Copepoda; [p.1066, Fig. 7.373: Candacia tenuimana ]. Gns = segment genital.

Ref. compl.:
Cleve, 1904 a (p.187); Wilson, 1942 a (p.175); Sewell, 1948 (p.408, 417, 418, 427, 460, 462, 468, 470, 475, 477, 506); C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.182); V.N. Greze, 1963 a (tabl.2); Unterüberbacher, 1964 (p.31); Mazza, 1966 (p.72); Fleminger, 1967 a (tabl.1); Roe, 1972 (p.277, tabl.1, tabl.2); Bainbridge, 1972 (p.61, Appendix Table III: occurrence); Apostolopoulou, 1972 (p.328, 366); Björnberg, 1973 (p.349, 385); Corral Estrada & Pereiro Muñoz, 1974 (tab.I); Vives & al., 1975 (p.52, tab.II, III); Carter, 1977 (1978) (p.36); Dessier, 1979 (p.206); Vaissière & Séguin, 1980 (p.23, tab.1); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.85); Guangshan & Honglin, 1984 (p.118, tab.); Regner, 1985 (p.11, Rem.: p.37); Madhupratap & Haridas, 1986 (p.105, tab.1); Rudyakov, 1986 (tab.1); Valentin & al., 1987 (p.1202); Lozano Soldevilla & al., 1988 (p.60); Echelman & Fishelson, 1990 a (tab.2); Hajderi, 1995 (p.542); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.69); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.102); Holmes, 2001 (p.30); Vukanic, 2003 (p.139, tab.1); Osore & al., 2004 (p.195); Lavaniegos & Jiménez-Pérez, 2006 ( Tab.2, 4, Rem); McKinnon & al., 2008 (p.843: Tab.1); Schnack-Schiel & al., 2010 (p.2064, Table 2: E Atlantic subtropical); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.424); Miloslavic & al., 2012 (p.165, Table 2, transect distribution); in CalCOFI regional list (MDO, Nov. 2013 ; M. Ohman, comm. pers.); Bonecker & a., 2014 (p.445, Table II: frequency, horizontal & vertical distributions); Benedetti & al., 2016 (p.159, Table I, fig.1, functional characters); Belmonte, 2018 (p.273, Table I: Italian zones)
NZ: 16

Carte de distribution de Candacia tenuimana par zones géographiques
Espèce Candacia tenuimana - Carte de distribution 3issued from : T.J. Lawson in Marine Biology, 1977, 43. [Fig.5, p.83].
Distribution map for the Indian Ocean.
Espèce Candacia tenuimana - Carte de distribution 4issued from : Mulyadi in Treubia, 1997, 31 (2). [p.109, Fig.16].
Distribution of Candaciidae in Indonesian waters. 11: C. tenuimana
.
Loc:
South Africa (E), Namibia, G. of Guinea, off Lagos, Brazil (Cabo Frio), off Morocco-Mauritania, Canary Is., off Madeira, Baie Ibéro-marocaine, off W Ireland, Lübeck Bay (in Falconetti & Séguin, 1977, p.188), Bay of Biscay, Medit. (Alboran Sea, Banyuls, Ligurian Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea, Strait of Messina, Adriatic Sea, Ionian Sea, Aegean Sea, Lebanon Basin, Marmara Sea), G. of Aqaba, Red Sea, Kenya, Indian , W Australia (North West Cape), Indonesia-Malaysia, Flores Sea, China Seas (East China Sea, South China Sea), off N Marshall Is., off S Hawaii, Pacif. (W equatorial), New Zealand, Kermadec Is, Tasman Sea, S Tasmania, S Galapagos, E Tuamotu Is., California, N Chile
N: 53 (S Atlant.: 7; N Atlant.: 11; Medit.: 14; Red Sea: 3; Indian: 5; Indonesia-Malaysia: 3; Pacif.: 10)
Lg.:
(16) M: 2,2; (24) M: 2,25; (38) F: 2,34-2,28; M: 2,16; (46) F: 2,05; (101) F: 2,07; M: 2,2; (180) F: 2,4; (199) F: 2,13; M: 2,2-1,9; (313) F: 2,4; M: 2,29; (342) F: 2,032; M: 2,03-1,989; (432) F: 2,29-2,2; (449) F: 2,05; (778) M: 2,07; (909) F: 2,05-2,2; M: 2,25; (1122) M: 2,07; {F: 2,03-2,40; M: 1,90-2,29}

The mean female size is 2.192 mm (n = 13; SD = 0.1387), the mean male size is 2.134 mm (n = 12; SD = 0.1205). The size ratio (male : female is about 0.97.
Rem.: mésopélagique.
La signalisation de cette espèce dans la baie de Lübeck nécessite confirmation.
Voir aussi les remarques en anglais
Dernière mise à jour : 05/02/2020

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Razouls C., de Bovée F., Kouwenberg J. et Desreumaux N., 2005-2020. - Diversité et répartition géographique chez les Copépodes planctoniques marins. Sorbonne Université, CNRS. Disponible sur http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr [Accédé le 25 septembre 2020]

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