Species Card of Copepod
Cyclopoida ( Order )
    Sapphirinidae ( Family )
        Sapphirina ( Genus )
Sapphirina intestinata  Giesbrecht, 1891   (F,M)
Syn.: Sapphirina intestinalis Wolfenden, 1911 (p.360); Wiebe, 1970 (p.209); Dorgham & al., 2012 (p.473, Rem.: p.485)
Ref.:
Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.619, 643, figs.F,M); Thompson & Scott, 1903 (p.240); A. Scott, 1909 (p.255, Rem.); Farran, 1929 (p.290); Lehnhofer, 1929 (p.275, Rem., figs.F,M); Rose, 1933 a (p.309, figs.F,M); Mori, 1937 (1964) (p.128, figs.F); Dakin & Colefax, 1940 (p.109, figs.M); Lysholm & al., 1945 (p.43); Sewell, 1948 (p.346, 462); Chiba & al., 1957 (p.310); Tanaka, 1960 (p.74, Rem. juv.); Crisafi & Mazza, 1966 (p.589, figs.F,M, Rem.); Corral Estrada, 1970 (p.228); Chen & al., 1974 (p.50, figs.F); Björnberg & al., 1981 (p.672, figs.F,M); Zheng & al., 1982 (p.114, figs.F); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.990, Pl.229: F,M); Boxshall, 1998 (p.229); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.887, 973, figs.F,M); Conway & al., 2003 (p.236, figs.F,M, Rem.); Boxshall & Halsey, 2004 (p.655); Vives & Shmeleva, 2010 (p.373, figs.F,M, Rem.)
Species Sapphirina intestinata - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : Q.-c Chen & S.-z. Zhang & C.-s. Zhu in Studia Marina Sinica, 1974, 9. [Pl.13, Figs.12-14].
Female (from China Seas): 12, habitus (dorsal); 13, caudal rami (dorsal); 14, endopodal segment 3 of P2.


Species Sapphirina intestinata - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from : P. Crisafi & J. Mazza in Atti Soc. pelorit. Sci. fis. mat. nat., 1966, XII (3/4). [p.590, Fig.14].
Female (from Straitof Messina): habitus.


Species Sapphirina intestinata - Plate 3 of morphological figuresissued from : P. Crisafi & J. Mazza in Atti Soc. pelorit. Sci. fis. mat. nat., 1966, XII (3/4). [p.591, Fig.15].
Male: A, habitus (dorsal); B, 3rd segment endopodite of P2.


Species Sapphirina intestinata - Plate 4 of morphological figuresissued from : Z. Zheng, S. Li, S.J. Li & B. Chen in Marine planktonic copepods in Chinese waters. Shanghai Sc. Techn. Press, 1982 [p.114, Fig.69].
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, anal segment and caudal rami (dorsal); c, A1; d, A2; e, P2; f, endopod of P2; g, P4; h, endopod of P4.
Scale bar in mm.


Species Sapphirina intestinata - Plate 5 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Mori in The Pelagic copepoda from the neighbouring waters of Japan, 1937 (1964). [Pl. 69, Figs.13-17].
Female: 13, habitus (dorsal); 14, A2; 15, A1; 16, P4; 17, endopodite of P2.


Species Sapphirina intestinata - Plate 6 of morphological figuresissued from : K. Lehnhofer in wiss. Ergebn. dt. Tiefsee-Exped. ''Valdivia'', 22 (5). [p.277, Fig.7].
Female: 1, A1; 2, A2.

Male: Male: 3, P2 (endopodite 3).
Se = outer seta; Si = inner seta; St = terminal seta.


Species Sapphirina intestinata - Plate 7 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.52, Fig.36 ].
Female: 36, habitus (dorsal).


Species Sapphirina intestinata - Plate 8 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.52, Figs.10, 11 ].
Male: 10, habitus (dorsal); 11, caudal ramus (dorsal).


Species Sapphirina intestinata - Plate 9 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.53, Fig.11 ].
Male: 11, A1.


Species Sapphirina intestinata - Plate 10 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.53, Figs.47, 51 ].
Male: 47, A2; 51, P4 (endipod).


Species Sapphirina intestinata - Plate 11 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.54, Figs.7, 29 ].
Male: 7, P2 (endopod); 29, Mxp.


Species Sapphirina intestinata - Plate 12 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.54, Fig.62 ].
Female: 62, Mx1.

Compl. Ref.:
Rose, 1925 (p.152); Yamazi, 1958 (p.155,Rem.); Giron-Reguer, 1963 (p.59); Gaudy, 1963 (p.32, Rem.); Björnberg, 1963 (p.88, Rem.); Mazza, 1966 (p.73); Pavlova, 1966 (p.45); Dowidar & El-Maghraby, 1970 (p.269); Deevey, 1971 (p.224); Corral Estrada & Pereiro Muñoz, 1974 (tab.I); Boxshall, 1977 b (p.558); Tranter, 1977 (p.596, 599); Dessier, 1979 (p.208); Chen Q-c, 1980 (p.795, as intestina); Rajaram & Krishnaswamy, 1980 a (p.154); Vives, 1982 (p.296); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.86); Dessier, 1983 (p.89, Tableau 1, Rem., %); Guangshan & Honglin, 1984 (p.118, tab.); Lozano Soldevilla & al., 1988 (p.61); Cervantes-Duarte & Hernandez-Trujillo, 1989 (tab.3); Hirakawa & al., 1990 (tab.3); Lozano, 1991 (p.174); Kim & al., 1993 (p.271); Seguin & al., 1993 (p.23); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.77); Böttger-Schnack, 1995 (p.93); Go & al., 1997 (tab.1, as Sappirina); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p.113); Lapernat, 1999 (p.38); Dolganova & al., 1999 (p.13, tab.1); Lopez-Salgado & al., 2000 (tab.1); Lapernat & Razouls, 2001 (tab.1); Zerouali & Melhaoui, 2002 (p.91, Tableau I); Shimode & Shirayama, 2004 (tab.2); Lo & al., 2004 (p.89, tab.1); Khelifi-Touhami & al., 2007 (p.327, Table 1); Fernandes, 2008 (p.465, Tabl.2); Tseng L.-C. & al., 2008 (p.153, Table 2, occurrence vs geographic distribution); Ayon & al., 2008 (p.238, Table 4: Peruvian samples); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.429); Tutasi & al., 2011 (p.791, Table 2, abundance distribution vs La Niña event); Hsiao S.H. & al., 2011 (p.475, Appendix I); in CalCOFI regional list (MDO, Nov. 2013; M. Ohman, comm. pers.); Benedetti & al., 2016 (p.159, Table I, fig.1, functional characters); Ben Ltaief & al., 2017 (p.1, Table III, Summer relative abundance); Palomares-Garcia & al., 2018 (p.178, Table 1: occurrence)
NZ: 15

Distribution map of Sapphirina intestinata by geographical zones
Species Sapphirina intestinata - Distribution map 3issued from : C. Lehnhofer in Wiss. Ergebn. dt. Tiefsee-Exped. ''Valdivia'', 1929, 22 (5). [p.322, Fig.53].
Zoogeographical distribution of S. intestinata.
Loc:
Off S St. Helena Is., off Ascension Is., Congo, G. of Guinea, off S Cape Verde Is., off Mauritania, Canary Is., Azores, off Trindade Is., Brazil, Bardados Is., Venezuela, G. of Mexico, Guadeloupe, off Bermuda, Ibero-moroccan Bay, Medit. (Alboran Sea, Algiers, El Kala shelf, G. of Lion, Ligurian Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea, Strait of Messina, G. of Gabes, off Malta, N & S Adriatic Sea, Aegean Sea, Alexandria), Red Sea, Bab al Mandab, off Sharm El Sheikh, off W Sri Lanka, Madagascar (Nosy Bé), Indian, Bay of Bengal, W Australia, Indonesia-Malaysia, Hong Kong, China Seas (East China Sea, South China Sea), Taiwan (E, N: Mienhua Canyon), Okinawa, S Korea, Japan Sea, Japan, Tanabe Bay, G. of Alaska (in C. B. Wilson, 1950 (p.320), Bikini Is., off Hawaii, W Baja California, La Paz (Mexico), Pacif. (W equatorial), Australia (New South Wales), off New Zealand, Galapagos-Ecuador, Peru (in Abanto, 2001)
N: 88
Lg.:
(35) F: 1,8; (46) F: 2,35; M: 2,2; (91) F: 2,3-1,9; (104) M: 2,3; (180) F: 2,09-1,4; M: 2-1,65; (340) F: 2,1; (648) F: 2,78-1,62; M: 2,87-1,65; (705) F: 2,527; 2,263; (794) F: 1,6; (805) F: 3,39-1,2; M: 3,19-1,6; (866) F: 2,3-1,88; (991) F: 1,62-2,78; M: 1,65-2,87; (1023) F: 2,30; {F: 1,20-3,39; M: 1,65-2,87}
Rem.: epipelagic; (off Malta: 3000 m).

See in DVP Conway & al., 2003 (version 1)
Last update : 13/11/2020
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Razouls C., Desreumaux N., Kouwenberg J. and de Bovée F., 2005-2021. - Biodiversity of Marine Planktonic Copepods (morphology, geographical distribution and biological data). Sorbonne University, CNRS. Available at http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr/en [Accessed June 18, 2021]

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